DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2018.151929

Study into conditions for the interaction between different types of transport at intermodal terminals

Vasyl Petrushov, Oleg Shander

Abstract


The study conducted into organization of the interaction among various types of transport at intermodal terminals found that it is necessary to improve the technological process of a terminal to achieve effective functioning of transshipment terminals. Specifically, it is necessary to provide basic requirements, such as continuity, rhythm, parallelism and sequenced-flow of all operations and maximum combination with the high quality of unconditional use. The study proved that achievement of appropriate conditions is possible when using the descriptive model of a two-port terminal. It operates due to the processes of self-synchronization of movement of automated platforms, which transport containers between a road portal and a railroad portal. The study established that we must solve the design problem of creation of perfect computer models for needs of organization of the interaction of various types of transport at intermodal terminals in a combination of descriptive model and analytical model. These models include software components and hardware components that provide conditions for implementation of the concept of self-synchronization movement of forklift trucks. Specifically, the study found that the self-timed control approach provides a greater degree of coordination in operation of a container terminal. That makes it possible to improve the parallelism of processes, that is, simultaneous implementation of events within a system.

The study showed a possibility for the formalization of processes of self-synchronization by means of Petri nets. This mathematical apparatus is very convenient for modeling dynamic discrete systems and makes it possible to explore the sequential execution of all processes, which occur at an intermodal terminal. Based on the simulation, the study proved that an average container demurrage at a terminal diminishes, which makes it possible to increase processing capacity and to reduce unit costs for processing a container at a terminal.

Thus, there is reason to state that it is quite possible to develop technologically complete "seaport-railroad portal-automobile portal" terminal structures in various configurations. The type of configuration depends on selected logistics routes for delivery of good. We should apply the method of organization of operation of a two-port terminal for this purpose.


Keywords


self-synchronization; Petri net; intermodal transportation; container terminal

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References


Petrushov, V. V., Kryvtsun, M. O. (2013). Problemy intermodalnykh perevezen v Ukraini. Visnyk NTU «KhPI». Seriya: Novi rishennia v suchasnykh tekhnolohiyakh, 70 (1043), 86–91.

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Monios, J., Wilmsmeier, G. (2013). The role of intermodal transport in port regionalisation. Transport Policy, 30, 161–172. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2013.09.010

Limao, N. (2001). Infrastructure, Geographical Disadvantage, Transport Costs, and Trade. The World Bank Economic Review, 15 (3), 451–479. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/wber/15.3.451

Dooms, M., van der Lugt, L., de Langen, P. W. (2013). International strategies of port authorities: The case of the Port of Rotterdam Authority. Research in Transportation Business & Management, 8, 148–157. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2013.06.004

Pogrebna, G., Petrushov, V. V. (2014). Improvement of the container terminal station in Kharkov-Lisky calculation and its ability processing. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Ukrainskoi derzhavnoi akademiyi zaliznychnoho transportu, 145, 78–81.

Varshavskiy, V. I., Marahovskiy, V. B., Rozenblyum, L. Ya., Yakovlev, A. V. (1990). Aperiodicheskaya skhemotekhnika. Iskusstvenniy intellekt. Programmnye i apparatnye sredstva. Moscow, 199–213.

Peterson, G. (1984). The theory of Petri nets and modeling of systems. Moscow: Mir, 264.

Palagin, A. V., Opanasenko, V. N. (2007). Tekhnologiya rekonfiguriruemogo komp'yutinga. Kibernetika i sistemnyy analiz, 5, 72–86.


GOST Style Citations


Petrushov V. V., Kryvtsun M. O. Problemy intermodalnykh perevezen v Ukraini // Visnyk NTU «KhPI». Seriya: Novi rishennia v suchasnykh tekhnolohiyakh. 2013. Issue 70 (1043). P. 86–91.

Butko T. V., Shander O. E. Formalization of the process of freight car fleet management of operator company // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. 2014. Vol. 2, Issue 3 (68). P. 55–58. doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2014.22798

Vasilenok V. L., Negreeva V. V., Shevchenko Ya. V. Organization of intermodal transport: international and Russian experience // Nauchniy zhurnal NIU ITMO. Seriya: Ekonomika i ekologicheskiy menedzhment. 2015. Issue 4. P. 77–88.

Dmitriev A. V. Intermodal technologies in the logistics of freight forwarding services // Rossiyskoe predprinimatel'stvo. 2009. Vol. 16, Issue 5. P. 787–798.

Upravlenie processami v transportnyh logisticheskih sistemah: uch. pos. / Belyaev V. M., Mirotin L. B., Nekrasov A. G. Pokrovskiy A. K. Moscow, 2011. 127 p.

Li L., Negenborn R. R., De Schutter B. Intermodal freight transport planning – A receding horizon control approach // Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies. 2015. Vol. 60. P. 77–95. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trc.2015.08.002 

A decision analysis framework for intermodal transport: Comparing fuel price increases and the internalisation of external costs / Macharis C., Van Hoeck E., Pekin E., van Lier T. // Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. 2010. Vol. 44, Issue 7. P. 550–561. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2010.04.006 

Dragović B., Tzannatos E., Park N. K. Simulation modelling in ports and container terminals: literature overview and analysis by research field, application area and tool // Flexible Services and Manufacturing Journal. 2016. Vol. 29, Issue 1. P. 4–34. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10696-016-9239-5 

Yang X., Low J. M. W., Tang L. C. Analysis of intermodal freight from China to Indian Ocean: A goal programming approach // Journal of Transport Geography. 2011. Vol. 19, Issue 4. P. 515–527. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2010.05.007 

Cho J. H., Kim H. S., Choi H. R. An intermodal transport network planning algorithm using dynamic programming – A case study: from Busan to Rotterdam in intermodal freight routing // Applied Intelligence. 2010. Vol. 36, Issue 3. P. 529–541. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10489-010-0223-6 

Monios J., Wilmsmeier G. The role of intermodal transport in port regionalization // Transport Policy. 2013. Vol. 30. P. 161–172. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2013.09.010 

Limao N. Infrastructure, Geographical Disadvantage, Transport Costs, and Trade // The World Bank Economic Review. 2001. Vol. 15, Issue 3. P. 451–479. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/wber/15.3.451 

Dooms M., van der Lugt L., de Langen P. W. International strategies of port authorities: The case of the Port of Rotterdam Authority // Research in Transportation Business & Management. 2013. Vol. 8. P. 148–157. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2013.06.004 

Pogrebna G., Petrushov V. V. Improvement of the container terminal station in Kharkov-Lisky calculation and its ability processing // Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Ukrainskoi derzhavnoi akademiyi zaliznychnoho transportu. 2014. Issue 145. P. 78–81.

Aperiodicheskaya skhemotekhnika / Varshavskiy V. I., Marahovskiy V. B., Rozenblyum L. Ya., Yakovlev A. V. // Iskusstvenniy intellekt. Programmnye i apparatnye sredstva: spravochnik. Moscow, 1990. P. 199–213.

Peterson G. The theory of Petri nets and modeling of systems. Moscow: Mir, 1984. 264 р.

Palagin A. V., Opanasenko V. N. Tekhnologiya rekonfiguriruemogo komp'yutinga // Kibernetika i sistemnyy analiz. 2007. Issue 5. P. 72–86.







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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061