DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2019.157089

Development of a procedure for determining the basic parameter of aquatic ecosystems functioning ‒ environmental capacity

Volodymyr Isaienko, Svitlana Madzhd, Yana Pysanko, Kyrylo Nikolaiev, Evgen Bovsunovskyi, Larysa Cherniak

Abstract


Environmental capacity as the main parameter of functioning of aquatic ecosystems was studied. This parameter is an effective indicator of violation of structural and functional processes in the technogenically altered water body. The adapted conceptual model of the system of indicators Actions - State - Consequences was applied.

In accordance with the developed classification of the system of indicators, balance of environmental capacity of the aquatic ecosystem serves as a part of the integral indicator of state of the aquatic ecosystem, as a consequence of effect of exogenous factors of anthropogenic origin. Due to the use of integrated indicator systems, it was possible to provide not only qualitative but also quantitative characteristics of the environmental capacity.

Estuary of a medium peneplain river which is the most representative part of the river and reflects consequences of anthropogenic effects occurring in the river basin was selected as a study object. Taking into account the hierarchical pattern of levels of water systems development, the study of the state of medium rivers at a local level will enable development of water conservation measures that will contribute to improvement of water quality in large rivers. The developed procedure can be successfully adapted to other technogenically altered peneplain rivers.

The results of the performed mathematical calculations were presented in a form of graphs of dependence of environmental capacity and techno-capacity on numerous parameters of the aquatic ecosystem functioning. Dynamics of changes in these parameters in 2009‒2017 was demonstrated. The study results indicate that biota adapted to a certain level of technogenic pollution and environmental capacity was stable (27‒37) in the period of 2012‒2016 which shows optimal conditions for existence of the aquatic ecosystem. The generalized estimation of changes over the whole period of studies suggests that the loss of environmental capacity (decreased to 13.3) was caused by excessive technogenic impact on the river aquatic ecosystem which predetermines formation of techno-capacity. As a result, a reduction in the level of remaining ecological reserve necessary for restoration of a technogenically altered aquatic ecosystem of the river was observed

Keywords


environmental capacity; ecological reserve; technogenically altered aquatic ecosystem; ecological indices

References


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Liu, Y., Zhang, J., Wang, S., Wang, Y., Zhao, A. (2018). Assessment of Environmental Carrying Capacity Using Principal Component Analysis. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 06 (03), 54–65. doi: https://doi.org/10.4236/gep.2018.63006

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Gosudarstvenniy vodnyy kadastr. Ezhegodnye dannye o kachestve poverhnosnyh vod sushi. Chast' 1: Reki i kanaly. Chast' 2: Ozera i vodohranilishcha. Vypusk 2. Basseyn Dnepra. Gosudarstvennyy komitet Ukrainy po gidrometeorologii. Central'naya geo-fizicheskaya observatoriya. Kyiv: UOP Ukr GMC.

Danni Dniprovskoho baseinovoho upravlinnia vodnykh resursiv po prohrami radiolohichnoho ta hidrokhimichnoho monitorynhu poverkhnevykh vod richky Irpin u mezhakh Kyivskoi obl. za 2006–2017 rr. Derzhavne ahentstvo vodnykh resursiv. Available at: http://dbuwr.com.ua


GOST Style Citations


Human pressures and ecological status of European rivers / Grizzetti B., Pistocchi A., Liquete C., Udias A., Bouraoui F., van de Bund W. // Scientific Reports. 2017. Vol. 7, Issue 1. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-00324-3 

Protasov A. А. Techno-ecosystem: inevitable evil or step to noosphere? // Visnik Nacional'noi' akademii' nauk Ukrai'ni. 2014. Issue 6. P. 41–50. doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/visn2014.06.041 

State of the art and prospects of ecological-economic safety of the shelf in the region of the Zmeinyi island / Goncharuk V. V., Belyavskii G. A., Satalkin Y. N., Mel’nik L. A., Kudrik I. D., Nikolaev K. D. // Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology. 2010. Vol. 32, Issue 2. P. 113–120. doi: https://doi.org/10.3103/s1063455x10020086 

Alimov A. F. Stability and Steadiness of the Aquatic Ecosystems // Hydrobiological Journal. 2017. Vol. 53, Issue 3. P. 3–13. doi: https://doi.org/10.1615/hydrobj.v53.i3.10 

Chapman E. J., Byron C. J. The flexible application of carrying capacity in ecology // Global Ecology and Conservation. 2018. Vol. 13. P. e00365. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2017.e00365 

Wang S. C. Analysis and regulation on water environmental carrying capacity // China Water Resour. 2001. Vol. 11. P. 9–12.

Assessment of Environmental Carrying Capacity Using Principal Component Analysis / Liu Y., Zhang J., Wang S., Wang Y., Zhao A. // Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection. 2018. Vol. 06, Issue 03. P. 54–65. doi: https://doi.org/10.4236/gep.2018.63006 

An Integrated Approach for Assessing Aquatic Ecological Carrying Capacity: A Case Study of Wujin District in the Tai Lake Basin, China / Zeng C., Liu Y., Liu Y., Hu J., Bai X., Yang X. // International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011. Vol. 8, Issue 1. P. 264–280. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph8010264 

Ling X., Zhihong L., Jing D. Study on Evaluation of Water Ecological Carrying Capacity // 2010 International Conference on Biology, Environment and Chemistry IPCBEE. 2011. Vol. 1. P. 458–462.

Korlyakov K. A. Osnovnye polozheniya teorii prostranstvenno-biotopicheskoy emkosti sredy // Vestnik Soveta molodyh uchenyh i specialistov Chelyabinskoy oblasti. 2013. Issue 1. P. 6–17.

Pysanko Ya. Environmental forecasting of the development of technogenically transformed mouth of the Irpin river // Visnyk KrNU im. Mykhaila Ostrohradskoho. 2018. Issue 4. P. 109–114.

Indikatoren für die ökonomische Bedeutung von Wasser und Gewässern. Dessau-Roßlau, 2018. 348 p. URL: https://www.umweltbundesamt.de/sites/default/files/medien/1410/publikationen/2018-06-25_texte_47-2018_indikatoren-bedeutung-wasser.pdf

Mikheev A. N., Lapan O. V., Madzhd S. M. Experimental foundations of a new method for rhizofiltration treatment of aqueous ecosystems from 137Cs // Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology. 2017. Vol. 39, Issue 4. P. 245–249. doi: https://doi.org/10.3103/s1063455x17040117 

Metodyka ekolohichnoi otsinky yakosti poverkhnevykh vod za vidpovidnymy katehoriyamy / Hrytsenko A. V., Vasenko O. H., Vernichenko H. A. et. al. Kharkiv: UkrNDIEP, 2012. 37 p. URL: http://www.niiep.kharkov.ua/sites/default/files/metodika_2012_14_0.doc

Directive 2008/105/EC of the Еuropean Рarliament and of the Сouncil of 16 December 2008. On environmental quality standards in the field of water policy, amending and subsequently repealing Council Directives 82/176/EEC, 83/513/EEC, 84/156/EEC, 84/491/EEC, 86/280/EEC and amending Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council.

Environment at a Glance 2015: OECD Indicators. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2015. doi: https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264235199-en 

Green Growth Indicators 2014 (Summary in Russian). OECD, 2014. doi: https://doi.org/10.1787/e-4228937563992537476-ru 

Suchasna metodolohiya otsinky strukturno-funktsionalnykh zmin vodnykh ekosystem richok, v naslidok postiyno diuchoho tekhnohennoho navantazhennia: A. s. No. 67248 / Udod V. M., Mikheiev O. M., Madzhd S. M., Kulynych Ya. I. opubl. 15.08.2016. No. 42.

Mikheev A. N., Lapan O. V., Madzhd S. M. Development of a New Method of Garment Filtering Purification of Water Objects of Chrome (VI) // Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology. 2018. Vol. 40, Issue 3. P. 157–159. doi: https://doi.org/10.3103/s1063455x18030074 

Gosudarstvenniy vodnyy kadastr. Ezhegodnye dannye o kachestve poverhnosnyh vod sushi. Chast' 1: Reki i kanaly. Chast' 2: Ozera i vodohranilishcha. Vypusk 2. Basseyn Dnepra // Gosudarstvennyy komitet Ukrainy po gidrometeorologii. Central'naya geo-fizicheskaya observatoriya. Kyiv: UOP Ukr GMC.

Danni Dniprovskoho baseinovoho upravlinnia vodnykh resursiv po prohrami radiolohichnoho ta hidrokhimichnoho monitorynhu poverkhnevykh vod richky Irpin u mezhakh Kyivskoi obl. za 2006–2017 rr. // Derzhavne ahentstvo vodnykh resursiv. URL: http://dbuwr.com.ua







Copyright (c) 2019 Volodymyr Isaienko, Svitlana Madzhd, Yana Pysanko, Kyrylo Nikolaiev, Evgen Bovsunovskyi, Larysa Cherniak

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061