DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2019.164786

Determining the effect of multifunctional partitions on noise level at "Open space" offices

Viacheslav Berezutskyi, Olha Ilinska, Ludmila Vaskovets, Iryna Mezentseva, Viktoriya Khalil

Abstract


Multifunction partitions and their influence on noise levels were explored. It was emphasized that the existing systems of classification of building partitions explore them based on the convenience of their use, material, design, etc. At the same time, not enough attention was paid to their impact on the indicators of a decrease in noise levels in office premises.

Partitions are made of different materials, having different properties; they are different in shape and enclosure of premises or workspace at different distances from the floor. In such cases, there arises a complicated problem of selecting certain types of partitions, which, as shown in the research, make it possible to solve the problem of optimizing working conditions and reduce the negative effect of noise on the health of employees. The performed research showed that the set problem of noise reduction through the use of partitions can be solved. The factors that should be especially taken into consideration include the height of a partition (degree of enclosure of the height of premises by a partition), material of partitions, existence of technological openings and the geometry of their location. It was revealed that double-layer walls, made of heavy materials (density ≈2,500 kg/m3) and 100 % premises enclosure by height, can reduce the noise level by 2–3 times (from 90 dBA to 30–45 dBA). Glass partitions (glass pipes) of moderate heaviness (≈1,200 kg/m3) reduce noise by 1.5–1.6 times. If enclosure of premises is not complete or there are openings, ventilation shafts, etc., the effect of influence of partitions decreases considerably, reducing it almost to zero. Significant influence of partitions takes place in the frequency range of 200–3,000 Hz at noise level of 40–60 dBA.

Noise was explored in the premises of the "Open space" type, where various options of partitions were applied (glass pipes in metal casings, ceramic panels, foam plastic panels). The research found that partitions can have a significant impact on noise indicators, but only on condition of complete enclosure of premises by height, closed doors and construction channels in walls. It was established that the material of partitions does not affect noise indicators if the degree of premises enclosure is not complete (less than 100 %).

The studies proved the relevance of scientific substantiation of partitions’ application and of determining the relations of premises enclosure with the factors that affect employees with a view to improving their working conditions. Improvement of working conditions, in turn, will make it possible to decrease professional diseases, minimize turnover, and increase work efficiency

Keywords


"Open space" office; workspace localization; construction partitions

References


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Jahncke, H., Hygge, S., Halin, N., Green, A. M., Dimberg, K. (2011). Open-plan office noise: Cognitive performance and restoration. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 31 (4), 373–382. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2011.07.002


GOST Style Citations


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Noise Pollution. URL: https://www.dccae.gov.ie/en-ie/environment/topics/noise-pollution/Pages/Noise-Pollution.aspx

Top 10 Ways to Reduce Noise in Your Open Office. URL: https://parterreflooring.com/10-ways-to-reduce-office-noise/

Noise pollution in offices is worsening and people are leaving jobs as a result. 2018. URL: https://workplaceinsight.net/noise-pollution-in-offices-is-worsening-and-people-are-leaving-as-a-result/

Workplace safety – noise pollution. URL: https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/workplace-safety-noise-pollution

Studying the effect of multifunctional partitions on temperature indicators at offices of the open space type / Berezutskyi V., Berezutska N., Ilinska O., Raiko V. // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. 2018. Vol. 4, Issue 10 (84). P. 13–21. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-85139-862-4.50017-2 

Radun J., Hongisto V., Suokas M. Variables associated with wind turbine noise annoyance and sleep disturbance // Building and Environment. 2019. Vol. 150. P. 339–348. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.12.039 

Halperin D. Environmental noise and sleep disturbances: A threat to health? // Sleep Science. 2014. Vol. 7, Issue 4. P. 209–212. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.slsci.2014.11.003 

Ecology of the cardiovascular system: Part II – A focus on non-air related pollutants / Argacha J. F., Mizukami T., Bourdrel T., Bind M.-A. // Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tcm.2018.09.003 

Louen C., Wehrens A., Vallée D. Analysis of the Effectiveness of Different Noise Reducing Measures Based on Individual Perception in Germany // Transportation Research Procedia. 2014. Vol. 4. P. 472–481. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2014.11.036 

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Noise exposure of workers of the construction sector / Fernández M. D., Quintana S., Chavarría N., Ballesteros J. A. // Applied Acoustics. 2009. Vol. 70, Issue 5. P. 753–760. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2008.07.014 

DSN 3.3.6.037-99. Sanitarni normy vyrobnychoho shumu, ultrazvuku ta infrazvuku. Kyiv, 1999. 34 p.

Benefits of quiet workspaces in open-plan offices – Evidence from two office relocations / Haapakangas A., Hongisto V., Varjo J., Lahtinen M. // Journal of Environmental Psychology. 2018. Vol. 56. P. 63–75. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2018.03.003 

An Overview of the Influence of Physical Office Environments Towards Employee / Kamarulzaman N., Saleh A. A., Hashim S. Z., Hashim H., Abdul-Ghani A. A. // Procedia Engineering. 2011. Vol. 20. P. 262–268. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.164 

Zhang M., Kang J., Jiao F. A social survey on the noise impact in open-plan working environments in China // Science of The Total Environment. 2012. Vol. 438. P. 517–526. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.08.082 

Zepkina V. B., Paustovskyi Yu. O. Hihienichni osoblyvosti umov pratsi i stanu zdorovia ofisnykh pratsivnykiv // Naukovyi visnyk Natsionalnoho medychnoho universytetu imeni O. O. Bohomoltsia. 2011. Issue 1. P. 90–95.

Camusso C., Pronello C. A study of relationships between traffic noise and annoyance for different urban site typologies // Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2016. Vol. 44. P. 122–133. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2016.02.007 

The cumulative effect of nuisances from road transportation in residential sectors on the Island of Montreal – Identification of the most exposed groups and areas / Carrier M., Apparicio P., Séguin A.-M., Crouse D. // Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2016. Vol. 46. P. 11–25. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2016.03.005 

Wolfe P. J., Kramer J. L., Barrett S. R. H. Current and future noise impacts of the UK hub airport // Journal of Air Transport Management. 2017. Vol. 58. P. 91–99. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jairtraman.2016.09.002 

Ozkurt N., Hamamci S. F., Sari D. Estimation of airport noise impacts on public health. A case study of İzmir Adnan Menderes Airport // Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2015. Vol. 36. P. 152–159. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2015.02.002 

Lawton R. N., Fujiwara D. Living with aircraft noise: Airport proximity, aviation noise and subjective wellbeing in England // Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2016. Vol. 42. P. 104–118. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2015.11.002 

Impact of wind turbine sound on annoyance, self-reported sleep disturbance and psychological distress / Bakker R. H., Pedersen E., van den Berg G. P., Stewart R. E., Lok W., Bouma J. // Science of The Total Environment. 2012. Vol. 425. P. 42–51. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.03.005 

Open-plan office noise: Cognitive performance and restoration / Jahncke H., Hygge S., Halin N., Green A. M., Dimberg K. // Journal of Environmental Psychology. 2011. Vol. 31, Issue 4. P. 373–382. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2011.07.002 

Vassie K., Richardson M. Effect of self-adjustable masking noise on open-plan office worker’s concentration, task performance and attitudes // Applied Acoustics. 2017. Vol. 119. P. 119–127. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2016.12.011 

Work performance in private office rooms: The effects of sound insulation and sound masking / Hongisto V., Varjo J., Leppämäki H., Oliva D., Hyönä J. // Building and Environment. 2016. Vol. 104. P. 263–274. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.04.022 

Tang S. K., Wong C. T. Performance of noise indices in office environment dominated by noise from human speech // Applied Acoustics. 1998. Vol. 55, Issue 4. P. 293–305. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0003-682x(98)00008-5 

Passero C. R. M., Zannin P. H. T. Acoustic evaluation and adjustment of an open-plan office through architectural design and noise control // Applied Ergonomics. 2012. Vol. 43, Issue 6. P. 1066–1071. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2012.03.007 

DSTU-N B V.1.1-34:2013. Nastonova z rozrakhunku ta proektuvannia zvukoizoliatsiyi ohorodzhuvalnykh konstruktsiyi zhytlovykh i hromadskykh budynkiv. Kyiv, 2014. 92 p.

The UCLA Health Impact Assessment (UCLA-HIA). URL: http://www.hiaguide.org/

Open-plan office noise: Cognitive performance and restoration / Jahncke H., Hygge S., Halin N., Green A. M., Dimberg K. // Journal of Environmental Psychology. 2011. Vol. 31, Issue 4. P. 373–382. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2011.07.002 







Copyright (c) 2019 Viacheslav Berezutskyi, Olha Ilinska, Ludmila Vaskovets, Iryna Mezentseva, Viktoriya Khalil

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061