DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2016.59508

Development of a mathematical model of the process of biological treatment of gasous effluents from formaldehyde

Ганна Юріївна Бахарєва, Олексій Валерійович Шестопалов, Олеся Миколаївна Філенко, Тетяна Сергіївна Тихомирова

Abstract


Experimental studies found the kinetic characteristics of oxidation of formaldehyde in gaseous effluents by microbial association. The quantitative values of the kinetic characteristics of formaldehyde destruction indicate the technological possibility of using a biological method of treatment of gaseous effluents from formaldehyde. It is found that the specific rate of oxidation of formaldehyde (CH2O) depends on its concentration and a maximum biomass - 45 and 275 mg/g for aerobic and anaerobic processes, respectively. This fact testifies to higher efficiency of formaldehyde detoxification under anaerobic denitrification than under aerobic oxidation.

On the basis of experimental studies, a mathematical description of the processes occurring in the filled reactor vessel due to changes in the concentration of inflowing pollutants is developed. Using the found analytical relationships, an algorithm to calculate the changes in the average formaldehyde concentration in the vessel under continuous pollution is elaborated. The results allow making science-based design calculations of the process of biochemical treatment of formaldehyde.


Keywords


mathematical model; biological treatment of effluents; formaldehyde; concentration; harmful substance; bioreactor

References


Kennes, C., Rene, E. R., Veiga, M. C. (2009). Bioprocesses for air pollution control. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 84 (10), 1419–1436. doi: 10.1002/jctb.2216

Estrada, J. M., Bernal, O. I., Flickinger, M. C., Muñoz, R., Deshusses, M. A. (2014) Biocatalytic coatings for air pollution control: A proof of concept study on VOC biodegradation Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 112 (2), 263–271 doi: 10.1002/bit.25353

Liu, D., Feilberg, A., Hansen, M. J., Pedersen, C. L., Nielsen, A. M. (2015) Modeling removal of volatile sulfur compounds in a full–scale biological air filter. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. doi: 10.1002/jctb.4696

Rojo, N., Muñoz, R., Gallastegui, G., Barona, A., Gurtubay, L., Prenafeta–Boldú, F. X., Elías, A. (2012). Carbon disulfide biofiltration: Influence of the accumulation of biodegradation products on biomass development. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 87 (6), 764–771. doi: 10.1002/jctb.3743

Malhautier, L., Cariou, S., Legrand, P., Touraud, E., Geiger, P., Fanlo, J. L. (2014). Treatment of complex gaseous emissions emitted by a rendering facility using a semi–industrial biofilter. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 91 (2), 426–430. doi: 10.1002/jctb.4593

Engesser, K.-H., Plaggemeier, T. (2008). Microbiological Aspects of Biological Waste Gas Purification. Biotechnology: Environmental Processes III, 11c, 275–302. doi: 10.1002/9783527620968.ch12

Chan, W.-C., Peng, K.-H. (2008) Biodegradation of Methyl Ethyl Ketone and Methyl Isopropyl Ketone in a Composite Bead Biofilter. Engineering in Life Sciences, 8 (2), 167–174. doi: 10.1002/elsc.200720231

Shestopalov O. V., PItak I. V. (2014). Analysis of existent processes and devices of bioscrubbing gas emissions. Technology audit and production reserves, 3/5 (17), 49–52. doi: 10.15587/2312–8372.2014.25373

Álvarez–Hornos, F. J., Volckaert, D., Heynderickx, P. M., Langenhove, H. V. (2012) Removal of ethyl acetate, n–hexane and toluene from waste air in a membrane bioreactor under continuous and intermittent feeding conditions. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 87 (6), 739–745. doi: 10.1002/jctb.3734

Rizzolo, J. A., Woiciechowski, A. L., Castro dos Santos, V. C., Soares, M., Páca, J., Soccol, C. R. (2012). Biofiltration of increasing concentration gasoline vapors with different ethanol proportions Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. 87 (6), 791–796. doi: 10.1002/jctb.3780

Karre1, A., Jones1, K., Boswell, J., Paca, J. (2012). Evaluation of VOC emissions control and opacity removal using a biological sequential treatment system for forest products applications. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 87 (6), 797–805. doi: 10.1002/jctb.3779

Lafita, C., Penya-Roja, J.-M., Gabaldón C., Martínez-Soria, V. (2012). Full–scale biotrickling filtration of volatile organic compounds from air emission in wood–coating activities. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 87 (6), 732–738. doi: 10.1002/jctb.3716

Song, T., Yang, C., Zeng, G., Yu, G., Xu, C. (2012) Effect of surfactant on styrene removal from waste gas streams in biotrickling filters. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 87 (6), 785–790. doi: 10.1002/jctb.3717

Eiroa, M., Vilar, A., Kennes, C., Veiga, M. (2006). Formaldehyde biodegradation in the presence of methanol under denitrifying conditions. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 81 (3), 312–317. doi: 10.1002/jctb.1395

Eiroa, M., Kennes, C., Veiga, M. (2004). Formaldehyde biodegradation and its inhibitory effect on nitrification. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 79 (5), 499–504. doi: 10.1002/jctb.1011

Krichkovska, L. V., Shestopalov, O. V., Bakhareva, G. Y., Slis, K. V. (2013). Prozesi ta aparati biologichnoy ochistki ta dezodorazii gazopovitryanih vikidiv. Kharkiv: NTU «KhPI», 200.

Krichkovska, L. V., Vaskovez, L. A., Gurenko, I. V. et. al. (2014). Proektni rishennya u rozrobzi aparativ biologichnoy ochistki gazopovitryanih vikidiv. Kharkіv: NTU «KhPI», 208.

Baharеva А. Yu., Shestopalov O. V., Semenov E. O., Bukatenko N. O. (2015). Macrokinetic mathematical model development of biological treatment process of gasiform emissions. ScienceRise, 2/2(7), 12–15. doi: 10.15587/2313–8416.2015.37057


GOST Style Citations


1. Kennes, C. Bioprocesses for air pollution control [Text] / C. Kennes, E. R. Rene, M. C. Veiga // Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. – 2009. – Vol. 84, Issue 10. – Р. 1419–1436. doi: 10.1002/jctb.2216

2. Estrada, J. M. Biocatalytic coatings for air pollution control: A proof of concept study on VOC biodegradation [Text] / J. M. Estrada, O. I. Bernal, M. C. Flickinger, R. Muñoz, M. A. Deshusses // Biotechnology and Bioengineering. – 2014. – Vol. 112, Issue 2. – P. 263–271 doi: 10.1002/bit.25353

3. Liu, D. Modeling removal of volatile sulfur compounds in a full–scale biological air filter [Text] / D. Liu, A. Feilberg, M. J. Hansen, C. L. Pedersen, A. M. // Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. – 2015. doi: 10.1002/jctb.4696

4. Rojo, N. Carbon disulfide biofiltration: Influence of the accumulation of biodegradation products on biomass development [Text] / N. Rojo, R. Muñoz, G. Gallastegui, A. Barona, L. Gurtubay, F. X. Prenafeta–Boldú, A. Elías // Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. – 2012. – Vol. 87, Issue 6. – Р. 764–771. doi: 10.1002/jctb.3743

5. Malhautier, L. Treatment of complex gaseous emissions emitted by a rendering facility using a semi–industrial biofilter [Text] / L. Malhautier, S. Cariou, P. Legrand, E. Touraud, P. Geiger, J. L. Fanlo // Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. – 2014. – Vol. 91, Issue 2. – P. 426–430. doi: 10.1002/jctb.4593

6. Engesser, K.-H. Microbiological Aspects of Biological Waste Gas Purification [Text] / K.-H. Engesser, T. Plaggemeier // Biotechnology: Environmental Processes III. – 2008. –Vol. 11c. – Р. 275–302. doi: 10.1002/9783527620968.ch12

7. Chan, W.-C. Biodegradation of Methyl Ethyl Ketone and Methyl Isopropyl Ketone in a Composite Bead Biofilter [Text] / W-C. Chan, K.-H. Peng // Engineering in Life Sciences. – 2008. – Vol. 8, Issue 2. – Р. 167–174. doi: 10.1002/elsc.200720231

8. Шестопалов, О. В. Аналіз існуючих процесів та апаратів біологічної очистки газових викидів [Текст] / О. В. Шестопалов, І. В. Пітак // Технологический аудит и резервы производства. – 2014. – Т. 3, № 5 (17). – С. 49–52. doi: 10.15587/2312–8372.2014.25373

9. Álvarez–Hornos, F. J. Removal of ethyl acetate, n–hexane and toluene from waste air in a membrane bioreactor under continuous and intermittent feeding conditions [Text] / F. J. Álvarez–Hornos, D. Volckaert, P. M. Heynderickx, H. V. Langenhove // Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. – 2012. – Vol. 87, Issue 6. – Р. 739–745. doi: 10.1002/jctb.3734

10. Rizzolo, J. A. Biofiltration of increasing concentration gasoline vapors with different ethanol proportions [Text] / J. A. Rizzolo, A. L.Woiciechowski, V. C. Castro dos Santos, M. Soares, J. Páca, C. R. Soccol // Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. – 2012. – Vol. 87, Issue 6. – Р. 791–796. doi: 10.1002/jctb.3780

11. Karre1, A. Evaluation of VOC emissions control and opacity removal using a biological sequential treatment system for forest products applications [Text] / A. Karre1, K. Jones1, J. Boswell, J. Paca // Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. – 2012. – Vol. 87, Issue 6. – Р. 797–805. doi: 10.1002/jctb.3779

12. Lafita, C. Full–scale biotrickling filtration of volatile organic compounds from air emission in wood–coating activities [Text] / C. Lafita, J.-M. Penya-Roja, C. Gabaldón, V. Martínez-Soria // Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. – 2012. – Vol. 87, Issue 6. – Р. 732–738. doi: 10.1002/jctb.3716

13. Song, T. Effect of surfactant on styrene removal from waste gas streams in biotrickling filters [Text] / T. Song, C. Yang, G. Zeng, G. Yu, C. Xu // Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. – 2012. – Vol. 87, Issue 6. – Р. 785–790. doi: 10.1002/jctb.3717

14. Eiroa, M. Formaldehyde biodegradation in the presence of methanol under denitrifying conditions [Text] / M. Eiroa, A. Vilar, C. Kennes, M. C Veiga // Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. – 2006. – Vol. 81, Issue 3. – Р. 312–317. doi: 10.1002/jctb.1395

15. Eiroa, M. Formaldehyde biodegradation and its inhibitory effect on nitrification [Text] / M. Eiroa, C. Kennes, M. C Veiga // Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. – 2004. – Vol. 79, Issue 5. – Р. 499–504. doi: 10.1002/jctb.1011

16. Кричковська, Л. В. Процеси та апарати біологічної очистки та дезодорації газоповітряних викидів [Текст]: монографія / Л. В. Кричковська, О. В. Шестопалов, Г. Ю. Бахарєва, К. В. Слісь. – Харків: НТУ «ХПІ», 2013. – 200 с.

17. Кричковська, Л. В. Проектні рішення у розробці апаратів біологічної очистки газоподібних викидів [Текст]: монографія / Л. В. Кричковська, Л. А. Васьковець, І. В. Гуренко та ін.; за ред. Л. В. Кричковської. – Харків: НТУ «ХПІ», 2014. – 208 с.

18. Бахарєва Г. Ю. Розробка макрокінетичної моделі процесу біологічної очистки газоповітряних сумішей [Текст] / Г. Ю. Бахарєва, О. В. Шестопалов, Є. О. Семенов, Н. О. Букатенко // ScienceRise. – 2015. – Т. 2, № 2 (7) – С. 12–15. doi: 10.15587/2313–8416.2015.37057







Copyright (c) 2016 Ганна Юріївна Бахарєва, Олексій Валерійович Шестопалов, Олеся Миколаївна Філенко, Тетяна Сергіївна Тихомирова

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061