DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2016.79358

Analysis of properties of modified kaolins and water-dispersion paints developed on their base

Nina Merezhko, Svitlana Sirenko, Olga Shulga

Abstract


Analysis of the effect of modified kaolins on the formation of properties of water­dispersed paints was conducted.

It was determined that, as a result of the kaolin modification by 3­aminopropyltriethoxysilane, their adsorption and physical and chemical properties (wettability and specific effective surface by water and benzene) were changed. Specific effective surface of kaolin from Glukhovetskiy deposit was increased by benzene by 26.47 %, from Prosianivskiy deposit – by 5.9 %. The same indicator by water was decreased by 26.1 % for the kaolin from Glukhovetskiy deposits and 3.4 % for the kaolin from Prosianivskiy deposit. The adsorption of acrylic­styrene polymer by respective kaolins was increased by 32.1 % and 23.8 %.

The processes of interaction of kaolins with a modifier and styrene­acrylic film former were studied; the parameters of the main characteristic bands responsible for valence fluctuations of reactive capable groups of kaolins and film former were analyzed. The results of the study demonstrated that, due to the modification of kaolins by 3­aminopropyltriethoxysilane, their polymeric philicity was increased.

The pre­modified kaolins, characterized by the most complete interaction with styrene­acrylic film former, are proposed to use as fillers for water­dispersion paints. This will ensure the higher performance properties of paints and  coatings: elasticity at the level of 2–4 mm, the edge angle of wetting at the level of 89–95 degrees, tensile strength in the range of 5.53–6.81 MPa, which is by 18–51 % larger than when using non­modified fillers. It was determined that improving the compatibility of kaolins with the film former of water­dispersion paints allow forming coatings more resistant to corrosive liquids, with low water absorption at the level of 8.1–9.7 % mass %, i. e., by 17.9 % – 10.4 lower than when adding non­modified kaolins.

Keywords


water­dispersion paint; kaolin; modification; styrene­acrylic film former; 3­aminopropyltriethoxysilane

References


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Merezhko, N. V., Komakha, V. O. (2015). Tovaroznavcha otsInka Interrnih vodno-dispersnih farb na osnovi modifIkovanih karbonatnih napovnyuvachiv. In Proc. of Conference Suchasne materialoznavstvo ta tovaroznavstvo: teoriya, praktika, osvita, 200–202.

Karavaev, T. A. (2014). Gidrofobnist pokrittiv z vodno–dispersiynih farb ta sposobi yiyi pidvischennya. Visnik Cherkaskogo derzhavnogo tehnologichnogo universitetu. Seriya: tehnichni nauki, 2, 106–112.

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Rissa, K., Lepistö, T., Yrjölä, K. (2006). Effect of kaolin content on structure and functional properties of water-based coatings. Progress in Organic Coatings, 55 (2), 137–141. doi: 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2005.09.009

Zolotov, M. S., Lyubchenko, M. A., Volyuvach, S. V. (2010). Modifitsirovanyie zaschitno–dekorativnyie pokryitiya na osnove akrilovyih polimerov. In Proc. of Unitech Proceedings, 475–479.

Zolotov, M. S., Lyubchenko, M. A. (2013). Povyishenie adgezionnoy prochnosti i dolgovechnosti modifitsirovannyih zaschitno-dekorativnyih akrilovyih pokryitiy. Zbirnik naukovih prats Poltavskogo natsionalnogo tehnichnogo universitetu im. Yu. Kondratyuka. Ser.: Galuzeve mashinobuduvannya, budivnitstvo, 4 (1), 123–131.

Selyaev, V. P. (2010). Polimernyie pokryitiya dlya betonnyih i zhelezobetonnyih konstruktsiy. Saransk: Izd-vo SVMO, 224.

Kazakova, E. E. (2003). Vodno-dispersionnyie akrilovyie lakokrasochnyie materialyi stroitelnogo naznacheniya. Moscow: Izd-vo OOO «Peynt–Media», 136.


GOST Style Citations


Eller, K. The Role of Sustainability in the EU Paint Industry [electronic resource] / K. Eller. – Shanghai, 2013. – Available at: http://bayferrox.com/uploads/tx_lxsmatrix/08_Karsten_Eller_final_presentation_en.pdf

Gary LeRoux. Sustainability: Impacts and Challenges in the Coatings Industry [Electronic resource]. – CFCM Trade Magazine, 2014. – Available at: http://static1.1.sqspcdn.com/static/f/1493895/24315095/1391441907517/CFCM.Final.Jan17.2014.pdf?token=%2Fz%2FJS1qm%2BEB7Fho5ZOyelx4LSwQ%3D

Komakha, V. O. Stan ta perspektyvy rozvytku vitchyznyanogo rynku bilyx mineralnyx napovnyuvachiv dlya lakofarbovyx materialiv [Text] / V. O. Komakha, V. A. Sviderskyj // Visnyk Lvivskoyi komercijnoyi akademiyi (Seriya tovaroznavcha). – 2014. – Vol. 14. – P. 27–33.

Tracton, A. A. Coating technology handbook [Text] / A. A. Tracton. – New York: CRC Press, 2006. – 936 р.

Stoye, D. Paints, coatings and solvents [Text] / D. Stoye, W. Freitag. – New York: Wiley–VCH, 1998. – 413 р.

Sviderskyi, V. Prospects of using modified kaolin and carbonates as fillers for paints [Text] / V. Sviderskyi, N. Merezhko, V. Komakha, O. Shulga // In Proc. of the 13th International Commodity Science Conference, 2015. – P. 66.

Komakha, V. O. Purposeful modification of carbonate fillers for waterborne paints [Text] / V. O. Komakha, V. A. Sviderskyj // Technology audit and production reserves. – 2015. – Vol. 2, Issue 4 (22). – P. 12–16. doi: 10.15587/2312-8372.2015.40242

Balczar, I. Mechanochemical and thermal activation of kaolin for manufacturing geopolymer mortars – Comparative study [Text] / I. Balczar, T. Korim, A. Kovacs, E. Mako // Ceramics International. – 2016. – Vol. 42, Issue 14. – Р. 15367–15375. doi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.06.182 

Zykova, J. Influence of kaolinite modification on the PVC composites properties [Text] / J. Zykova, A. Kalendova, V. Matějka, P. Zadrapa, J. Malač // 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Materials Science, 2010. – Available at: http://www.wseas.us/e-library/conferences/2010/Faro/MATSE/MATSE-05.pdf

Wu, W. Formulation and morphology of kaolin–filled rubber composites [Text] / W. Wu, L. Tian // Applied Clay Science. – 2013. – Vol. 80-81. – Р. 93–97. doi: 10.1016/j.clay.2013.06.025 

Zhang, Y. Characterization of kaolinite/styrene butadiene rubber composite: Mechanical properties and thermal stability [Text] / Y. Zhang, Q. Lju, Sh. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, P. Liang // Applied Clay Science. – 2016. – Vol. 124-125. – Р. 167–174. doi: 10.1016/j.clay.2016.02.002 

Salnik, V. G. Zastosuvannya modifikovanogo kaolinu dlya regulyuvannya vlastivostey vodnih dispersnih sistem [Text] / V. G. Salnik, V. A. Sviderskyj, L. P. Chernyak // Naukovi visti NTUU «KPI». – 2010. – Vol. 3. – P. 133–137.

Qiu, X. Comparison of the physicochemical properties and mineralogy of Chinese (Beihai) and Brazilian kaolin [Text] / X. Qiu, X. Lei, A. Alshameri, H. Wang, C. Yan // Ceramics International. – 2014. – Vol. 40, Issue 4. – Р. 5397–5405. doi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2013.10.121 

Prado, G. S. Adsorption preconcentration and separation of cations on silica gel chemically modified with the herbicide 2,4–dichorophenoxyacetic acid [Text] / G. S. Prado, C. Airoldi //Analytica Chimica Acta. – 2001. – Vol. 432, Issue 2. – Р. 201–211. doi: 10.1016/s0003-2670(00)01372-6 

Mikanovic, N. Influence of Surfactant Chemical Admixtures on the Stability and Rheological Properties of Calcium Carbonate and Cement Pastes [Text]: In Proc. of Conference / N. Mikanovic, C. Jolicoeur, M. Page // Recent developments in superplasticizers, 2006. – Р. 321–344.

Malicka-Soczka, A. Kaolin modified with silane compounds as a filler used in rubber industry [Text] / A. Malicka-Soczka, L. Domka, A. Kozak // Physicochemical Problems of Mineral Processing. – 2010. – Vol. 44. – Р. 151–156.

Domka, L. The effect of kaolin modification of silane coupling agents on the properties of the polyethylene composites [Text] / L. Domka, A. Malicka, N. Stachowiak // Polish Journal of Chemical Technology. – 2008. – Vol. 10, Issue 2. – Р. 5–10. doi: 10.2478/v10026-008-0020-8 

Avila, R. New synthesis strategies for effective functionalization of kaolinite and saponite with silylating agents [Text] / R. Avila, E. H. de Faria, K. J. Ciuffi, E. J. Nassar, P. S. Calefi, M. A. Vicente, R. Trujillano // Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. – 2010. – Vol. 341, Issue 1. – Р. 186–193. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2009.08.041 

Sviderskiy, V. A. Rheological behavor of kaoline water suspensions in presence of surfactants [Text] / V. A. Sviderskiy, A S. Sikorskiy, A. V. Mironyuk // Technology audit and production reserves. – 2013. – Vol. 2, Issue 1 (10). – P. 45–48. – Available at: http://journals.uran.ua/tarp/article/view/12959/10849

Merezhko, N. V. Tovaroznavcha otsInka Interrnih vodno-dispersnih farb na osnovi modifIkovanih karbonatnih napovnyuvachiv [Text]: In Proc. of Conference / N. V. Merezhko, V. O. Komakha // Suchasne materialoznavstvo ta tovaroznavstvo: teoriya, praktika, osvita, 2015. – P. 200–202.

Karavaev, T. A. Gidrofobnist pokrittiv z vodno–dispersiynih farb ta sposobi yiyi pidvischennya [Text] / T. A. Karavaev // Visnik Cherkaskogo derzhavnogo tehnologichnogo universitetu. Seriya: tehnichni nauki. – 2014. – Vol. 2. – P. 106–112.

Domka, L. Production and Structural Investigation of Polyethylene Composites with Modified Kaolin [Text] / L. Domka, A. Malicka, N. Stachowiak // Аcta physica polonica. – 2008. – Vol. 2, Issue 114. – Р. 413–421. doi: 10.12693/aphyspola.114.413 

Rissaa, K. Effect of kaolin content on structure and functional properties of water-based coatings [Text] / K. Rissaa, T. Lepistöa, K. Yrjöläb // Progress in Organic Coatings. – 2006. – Vol. 55, Issue 2. – Р. 137–141. doi: 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2005.09.009 

Zolotov, M. S. Modifitsirovanyie zaschitno–dekorativnyie pokryitiya na osnove akrilovyih polimerov [Text] / M. S. Zolotov, M. A. Lyubchenko, S. V. Volyuvach // In Proc. of Unitech Proceedings, 2010. – P. 475–479.

Zolotov, M. S. Povyishenie adgezionnoy prochnosti i dolgovechnosti modifitsirovannyih zaschitno-dekorativnyih akrilovyih pokryitiy [Text] / M. S. Zolotov, M. A. Lyubchenko // Zbirnik naukovih prats Poltavskogo natsionalnogo tehnichnogo universitetu im. Yu. Kondratyuka. Ser.: Galuzeve mashinobuduvannya, budivnitstvo. – 2013. – Vol. 4, Issue 1. – P. 123–131.

Selyaev, V. P. Polimernyie pokryitiya dlya betonnyih i zhelezobetonnyih konstruktsiy [Text] / V. P. Selyaev. – Saransk: Izd-vo SVMO, 2010. – 224 p.

Kazakova, E. E. Vodno-dispersionnyie akrilovyie lakokrasochnyie materialyi stroitelnogo naznacheniya [Text] / E. E. Kazakova. – Moscow: Izd-vo OOO «Peynt–Media», 2003. – 136 p.






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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061