Estimation of transport accessibility of the Capital Economic Region

Olena Matiychyk, Andriі Babenko, Peter Yanovsky, Liudmyla Sulyma

Abstract


The methodology for estimation of potential transport accessibility of the region, which requires merely open data, was identified. The choice of the Capital Economic Region as the region for estimation of transport accessibility was validated. The study solved the problem of adapting the foreign approach to calculation of potential transport accessibility of the Capital Economic Region.

The highlight of the given research is the application of Euclidean distance between the cities (nodes) and the total of activity types available in the destination node as the initial data for estimating transport accessibility.

The proposed methodology of potential road transport accessibility estimation of the region enables revealing of the potential deficiencies in the transport infrastructure of the region. This is provided by the special feature of the methodology which is based on the suggested equation for calculation of transport accessibility and the scale developed in the paper. The scale contains seven levels of potential transport accessibility of the Capital Economic Region and it enables quantitative evaluation of the transport accessibility values for the given city (node) in relation to the set of other cities (nodes). Thus, the degree of spatial separation of the cities related to the regional center can be defined.

The given methodology can be applied for other regions of Ukraine to evaluate current efficiency of the road transportation network. It is recommended to devise a new scale for evaluating potential transport accessibility while applying the proposed methodology to another region. Other possible applications of the methodology include urban planning, transport planning, creating and / or developing regional transport systems.


Keywords


transport accessibility; transport planning; transport network; road

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References


Matiychyk, O., Kryshkevych, K. (2013). Accessibility of transport systems in passenger transportation. Science-Based Technologies, 18 (2). doi: 10.18372/2310-5461.18.4984

Yanovsky, P., Matiychyk, O. (2014). Іnfrastructure approach to measuring passenger transport accessibility. Railway Transport of Ukraine, 6 (109), 14–18.

Yanovsky, P., Matiychyk, O. (2013). Otsinka dostupnosti pasazhirskogo transportu na regionalnomu rivni. Science-based technologies, 3 (19), 345–349.

Dubel, V. (2014). Osoblyvosti ekologo-ekonomichnogo rozvytku regioniv Ukrayiny. Bullein of Donetsk National University. Series C. Economics and Law, 1, 52–56.

Litman, T. (2012). Evaluating Accessibility for Transport Planning: Measuring People’s Ability to Reach Desired Goods and Activities. Victoria Transport Policy Institute, 56.

Yatskiv (Jackiva), I., Budilovich, E. (2017). Evaluating Riga Transport System Accessibility. Procedia Engineering, 178, 480–490. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.01.091

Karou, S., Hull, A. (2014). Accessibility modelling: predicting the impact of planned transport infrastructure on accessibility patterns in Edinburgh, UK. Journal of Transport Geography, 35, 1–11. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2014.01.002

Guzman, L. A., Oviedo, D., Rivera, C. (2017). Assessing equity in transport accessibility to work and study: The Bogotá region. Journal of Transport Geography, 58, 236–246. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2016.12.016

Wang, Y., Monzon, A., Ciommo, F. D. (2015). Assessing the accessibility impact of transport policy by a land-use and transport interaction model – The case of Madrid. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 49, 126–135. doi: 10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2014.03.005

Zondag, B., de Bok, M., Geurs, K. T., Molenwijk, E. (2015). Accessibility modeling and evaluation: The TIGRIS XL land-use and transport interaction model for the Netherlands. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 49, 115–125. doi: 10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2014.06.001

Monzon, A., Ortega, E., Lopez, E. (2013). Efficiency and spatial equity impacts of high-speed rail extensions in urban areas. Cities, 30, 18–30. doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2011.11.002

Kim, H., Sultana, S. (2015). The impacts of high-speed rail extensions on accessibility and spatial equity changes in South Korea from 2004 to 2018. Journal of Transport Geography, 45, 48–61. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2015.04.007

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Zajac, A. P. (2016). City Accessible for Everyone – Improving Accessibility of Public Transport Using the Universal Design Concept. Transportation Research Procedia, 14, 1270–1276. doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2016.05.199

Rotoli, F., Christidis, P., Vannacci, L., Lopez-Ruiz, H. G., Navajas, C. E., Ibanez, R. N. (2014). Potential Impacts on Accessibility and Consumer Surplus of Improvements of the European Railway System. Transportation Research Procedia, 3, 319–328. doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2014.10.012

Yamaguchi, K. (2007). Inter-regional air transport accessibility and macro-economic performance in Japan. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 43 (3), 247–258. doi: 10.1016/j.tre.2006.10.004

Martinez, L. M., Viegas, J. M. (2013). A new approach to modelling distance-decay functions for accessibility assessment in transport studies. Journal of Transport Geography, 26, 87–96. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.08.018

Tranos, E., Reggiani, A., Nijkamp, P. (2013). Accessibility of cities in the digital economy. Cities, 30, 59–67. doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2012.03.001

Zadvornyj, Ju. V. (2011). Kriterii ocenki razvitija transportnoj infrastruktury regiona. Rossijskoe predprinimatel'stvo, 1 (175), 168–168.

Melendez, J. H., Rietveld, P., Verhoef, P.(2007). On the change in surpluses equivalence: measuring benefits from transport infrastructure investments. European Transport, 36, 107–140.

Johansson, B. (2007). Transport Infrastructure Inside and Across Urban Regions. OECD/ITF Joint Transport Research Centre Discussion Papers. doi: 10.1787/234705655722

Mezentseva, N., Mezentsev, K. (2010). Ekonomichna i sotsialna geografIya Ukrainy. Kyiv: Vydavnycho-polihrafichnyy tsentr „Kyyivs'kyy universytet”, 239.

Ischuk, S., Gladkуy, A. (2013). Kyivskiy stolychniy region: yogo mezhi, funktsiyita napryamy rozvitku. Economic and social geography, 1 (66), 21–31.

Doroshenko, V., Dіdenko, K. (2005). Osnovni pokaznyky ta indikatory funktsionuvannya pasazhirskoyi avtotransportnoyi systemy. Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 35–36.

Agasyants, A. (2010). Razvitie seti avtomobilnyih magistraley v krupneyshih gorodah. Transportno-gradostroitelnyie problemyi. Moscow: Published at ACB, 248.

Morris, J. M., Dumble, P. L., Wigan, M. R. (1979). Accessibility indicators for transport planning. Transportation Research Part A: General, 13 (2), 91–109. doi: 10.1016/0191-2607(79)90012-8

Schurmann, C., Talaat, A. (2000). Towards a European Peripherality Index Final Report. Report for General Directorate XVI Regional Policy of the European Commission. Institut fur Raumplanung Fakultat Raumplanung, Universitat Dortmund, 48.

Spiekermann, K., Wegener, M., Kveton, V., Marada, M., Schurmann, C., Biosca, O. et. al. (2013). TRACC Transport Accessibility at Regional/Local Scale and Patterns in Europe. Applied Research 2013/1/10. ESPON, 164. Available at: http://www.espon.eu/export/sites/default/Documents/Projects/AppliedResearch/TRACC/TRACC_Interim_Report_210211.pdf


GOST Style Citations


Matiychyk, O. Accessibility of transport systems in passenger transportation [Text] / O. Matiychyk, K. Kryshkevych // Science-based technologies. – 2013. – Vol. 18, Issue 2. doi: 10.18372/2310-5461.18.4984 

Yanovsky, P. Іnfrastructure approach to measuring passenger transport accessibility [Text] / P. Yanovsky, O. Matiychyk // Railway Transport of Ukraine. – 2014. – Issue 6 (109). – P. 14–18.

Yanovsky, P. Otsinka dostupnosti pasazhirskogo transportu na regionalnomu rivni [Text] / P. Yanovsky, O. Matiychyk // Science-based technologies. – 2013. – Issue 3 (19). – P. 345–349.

Dubel, V. Osoblyvosti ekologo-ekonomichnogo rozvytku regioniv Ukrayiny [Text] / V. Dubel // Bullein of Donetsk National University. Series C. Economics and Law. – 2014. – Issue 1. – P. 52–56.

Litman, T. Evaluating Accessibility for Transport Planning: Measuring People’s Ability to Reach Desired Goods and Activities [Text] / T. Litman. – Victoria Transport Policy Institute, 2012. – 56 p.

Yatskiv (Jackiva), I. Evaluating Riga Transport System Accessibility [Text] / I. Yatskiv (Jackiva), E. Budilovich // Procedia Engineering. – 2017. – Vol. 178. – P. 480–490. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.01.091 

Karou, S. Accessibility modelling: predicting the impact of planned transport infrastructure on accessibility patterns in Edinburgh, UK [Text] / S. Karou, A. Hull // Journal of Transport Geography. – 2014. – Vol. 35. – P. 1–11. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2014.01.002 

Guzman, L. A. Assessing equity in transport accessibility to work and study: The Bogotá region [Text] / L. A. Guzman, D. Oviedo, C. Rivera // Journal of Transport Geography. – 2017. – Vol. 58. – P. 236–246. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2016.12.016 

Wang, Y. Assessing the accessibility impact of transport policy by a land-use and transport interaction model – The case of Madrid [Text] / Y. Wang, A. Monzon, F. D. Ciommo // Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. – 2015. – Vol. 49, Issue 126–135. doi: 10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2014.03.005 

Zondag, B. Accessibility modeling and evaluation: The TIGRIS XL land-use and transport interaction model for the Netherlands [Text] / B. Zondag, M. de Bok, K. T. Geurs, E. Molenwijk // Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. – 2015. – Vol. 49. – P. 115–125. doi: 10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2014.06.001 

Monzon, A. Efficiency and spatial equity impacts of high-speed rail extensions in urban areas [Text] / A. Monzon, E. Ortega, E. Lopez // Cities. – 2013. – Vol. 30. – P. 18–30. doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2011.11.002 

Kim, H. The impacts of high-speed rail extensions on accessibility and spatial equity changes in South Korea from 2004 to 2018 [Text] / H. Kim, S. Sultana // Journal of Transport Geography. – 2015. – Vol. 45. – P. 48–61. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2015.04.007 

Shaw, S.-L. Impacts of high speed rail on railroad network accessibility in China [Text] / S.-L. Shaw, Z. Fang, S. Lu, R. Tao // Journal of Transport Geography. – 2014. – Vol. 40. – P. 112–122. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2014.03.010 

Lopez, E. Assessment of Cross‐Border Spillover Effects of National Transport Infrastructure Plans: An Accessibility Approach [Text] / E. Lopez, A. Monzon, E. Ortega, S. Mancebo Quintana // Transport Reviews. – 2009. – Vol. 29, Issue 4. – P. 515–536. doi: 10.1080/01441640802627974 

Zajac, A. P. City Accessible for Everyone – Improving Accessibility of Public Transport Using the Universal Design Concept [Text] / A. P. Zajac // Transportation Research Procedia. – 2016. – Vol. 14. – P. 1270–1276. doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2016.05.199 

Rotoli, F. Potential Impacts on Accessibility and Consumer Surplus of Improvements of the European Railway System [Text] / F. Rotoli, P. Christidis, L. Vannacci, H. G. Lopez-Ruiz, C. E. Navajas, R. N. Ibanez // Transportation Research Procedia. – 2014. – Vol. 3. – P. 319–328. doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2014.10.012 

Yamaguchi, K. Inter-regional air transport accessibility and macro-economic performance in Japan [Text] / K. Yamaguchi // Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review. – 2007. – Vol. 43, Issue 3. – P. 247–258. doi: 10.1016/j.tre.2006.10.004 

Martinez, L. M. A new approach to modelling distance-decay functions for accessibility assessment in transport studies [Text] / L. M. Martinez, J. M. Viegas // Journal of Transport Geography. – 2013. – Vol. 26. – P. 87–96. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.08.018 

Tranos, E. Accessibility of cities in the digital economy [Text] / E. Tranos, A. Reggiani, P. Nijkamp // Cities. – 2013. – Vol. 30. – P. 59–67. doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2012.03.001 

Zadvornyj, Ju. V. Kriterii ocenki razvitija transportnoj infrastruktury regiona [Text] / Ju. V. Zadvornyj // Rossijskoe predprinimatel'stvo. – 2011. – Issue 1 (175). – P. 168–168.

Melendez, J. H. On the change in surpluses equivalence: measuring benefits from transport infrastructure investments [Text] / J. H. Melendez, P. Rietveld, E. Verhoef // European Transport. – 2007. – Vol. 36. – P. 107–140.

Johansson, B. Transport Infrastructure Inside and Across Urban Regions [Text] / B. Johansson // OECD/ITF Joint Transport Research Centre Discussion Papers. – 2007. doi: 10.1787/234705655722 

Mezentseva, N. Ekonomichna i sotsialna geografIya Ukrainy [Text]: navch.-metod. pos. / N. Mezentseva, K. Mezentsev. – Kyiv: Vydavnycho-polihrafichnyy tsentr „Kyyivs'kyy universytet”, 2010. – 239 p.

Ischuk, S. Kyivskiy stolychniy region: yogo mezhi, funktsiyita napryamy rozvitku [Text] / S. Ischuk, A. Gladkуy // Economic and social geography. – 2013. – Issue 1 (66). – P. 21–31.

Doroshenko, V. Osnovni pokaznyky ta indikatory funktsionuvannya pasazhirskoyi avtotransportnoyi systemy [Text] / V. Doroshenko, K. Dіdenko // Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. – 2005. – P. 35–36.

Agasyants, A. Razvitie seti avtomobilnyih magistraley v krupneyshih gorodah. Transportno-gradostroitelnyie problemyi [Text]: Monograph / A. Agasyants. − Мoscow: АСВ, 2010. – 248 p.

Morris, J. M. Accessibility Indicators For Transport Planning [Text] / J. M. Morris, P. L. Dumble, M. R. Wigan // Transportation Research Part A: General. – 1979. – Vol. 13, Issue 2. – P. 91–109. doi: 10.1016/0191-2607(79)90012-8 

Schurmann, C. Towards a European Peripherality Index Final Report. Report for General Directorate XVI Regional Policy of the European Commission [Text] / C. Schyrmann, A. Talaat. – Institut fur Raumplanung Fakultat Raumplanung, Universitat Dortmund, 2000. – 48 p.

Spiekermann, K. TRACC Transport Accessibility at Regional/Local Scale and Patterns in Europe [Text] / K. Spiekermann, M. Wegener, V. Kveton, M. Marada, C. Schurmann, O. Biosca et. al. // Applied Research 2013/1/10. ESPON. – 2013. – 164 p. – Available at: http://www.espon.eu/export/sites/default/Documents/Projects/AppliedResearch/TRACC/TRACC_Interim_Report_210211.pdf



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.98118

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Copyright (c) 2017 Olena Matiychyk, Andriі Babenko, Peter Yanovsky, Liudmyla Sulyma

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061