Modeling the heterogeneous catalytic recovery processes of aldehydes and ketones

Authors

  • Ivanna Skoretska National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorskyi Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” Peremohy ave., 37, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03056, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0130-1855
  • Yuri Beznosyk National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorskyi Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” Peremohy ave., 37, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03056, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7425-807X

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.99755

Keywords:

Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley mechanism, inverse problem of kinetics, rate constant, heterogeneous catalysis, zeolites

Abstract

Mathematical models of the recovery reactions of cyclohexanone and anise aldehyde with subsequent esterification by the Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley mechanism are constructed. Experimental research was conducted into recovery reactions of aldehydes and ketones in order to find the optimal catalyst for the recovery reaction of cyclohexanone and to establish the limiting stage in the recovery process of anise aldehyde. We analyzed the activity of three catalysts, in the presence of which the recovery reaction of cyclohexanone proceeded, and selected for further calculations and studies the most active zeolite – SnMgAl(СО3). By using the MathCad 15.0 programming environment, we solved the inverse problem of chemical kinetics for the examined reactions. It was found that the value of rate constant of the recovery reaction of cyclohexanone in the presence of zeolite SnMgAl(СО3) is the largest and reaches 0.2544 s-1, in other words, this is the most effective catalyst. As far as the recovery reaction of aldehyde anise is concerned, it was established that the first stage of this reaction (anise aldehyde recovery) proceeds slower than the second stage (anise alcohol esterification) and it is the limiting stage of the reaction. Results obtained in the course of experimental research might be used to solve the direct and inverse problems of chemical kinetics.

Author Biographies

Ivanna Skoretska, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorskyi Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” Peremohy ave., 37, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03056

Postgraduate student

Department of Cybernetics of Chemical Technology Processes

Yuri Beznosyk, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorskyi Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” Peremohy ave., 37, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03056

PhD, Associate Professor

Department of Cybernetics of Chemical Technology Processes

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Published

2017-06-08

How to Cite

Skoretska, I., & Beznosyk, Y. (2017). Modeling the heterogeneous catalytic recovery processes of aldehydes and ketones. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 3(6 (87), 36–43. https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.99755

Issue

Section

Technology organic and inorganic substances