Application of geophysical methods for solving hydrogeoecological problems in the Southern Kryvbas territory

P. I. Pigulevskiy, O. K. Tyapkin, V. K. Svistun


The geoecological impact of various man-made mining facilities in the Southern Kryvbas territory was studied using a complex of geophysical methods (gravity-magnetic prospecting; electrical exploration by the VES method and interpretation of aero-space photographs). The predetermining role of the tectonic factor in assessing the hydrogeoecological situation in the research area is shown. The prevalence of diagonal and sublatitudinal faults of high ranks (dividing the submeridional extension of metamorphic rocks of the Kryvyi Rih series into a system of small blocks) has been established by detailed geological-geophysical studies. Their vertical movements “unload” periodically arising stresses in the Earth’s crust. A high level of activation of dangerous geoecological (and primarily hydrogeoecological) processes is marked as a result of the interaction of natural geodynamic and technogenic processes. It is shown (based on the complex analysis of hydro-geological and geophysical information) that the highly mineralized mine and open-pit waters of the tailing dumps of the PJSC “Yugok” and the PJSC “Arcelor Mittal Kryviy Rih” and mine water storage pond in the Svistunova ravine of State enterprise “Kryvbasshakhtozakrytiei” have a joint effect on the hydro-geoecological situation of Southern Kryvbas territory. The flooding of the study area by results of the research is not universal; it takes into account modern features of the activation of fault tectonics.


Southern Kryvbas; hydrogeoecological situation; geological-geophysical studies; geoelectric resistance; underflooding


Bagriy I. D.; Blinov P. V.; Pyshnaya N. G.; 2002. Optimization of the object monitoring system for groundwater in the territory of the Krivoi Rog iron ore basin. In: Information Bulletin on the State of the Geological Environment of Ukraine (1999—2000). Kiev: UkrGGRI; is. 18; P. 22—42 (in Ukrainian).

Bagriy I. D.; Gozhik P. F.; Samotkal E. V.; Shestopalov V. M.; Aksem S. D.; 2005. Hydroecosystems of the Krivoy Rog basin — the state and directions of improvement. Kiev: Feniks; 216 p. (in Ukrainian).

Bagriy I. D.; Lisichenko G. V.; Shestopalov V. M.; 1988. Complexing methods in studying the interrelation of underground and river waters. In: Water exchange in hydrogeological structures of Ukraine. Methods of studying water exchange. Kiev: Naukova Dumka; P.223—239 (in Russian).

Belanov V. M.; Golizdra G. Ya.; Kozubskaya G. E.; Tyapkin K. F.; Kharitonov V. D.; Etingof I. M.; 1972. Study of the Precambrian tectonics by geological and geophysical methods. Moscow: Nedra; 260 p. (in Russian).

Geoecological surveys of oil industry enterprises; 1999. Eds V. A. Shevnin; I. N. Modin. Moscow: RUSSO; 511 p. (in Russian).

Ecological atlas of the Dnepropetrovsk region; 2009. Ed. A. G. Shapar. Dnipropetrovsk: Monolit; 64 p. (in Ukrainian).

Nikitin V. V.; Meskhi N. Zh.; 1991. Engineering and geological support for tailing reconstruction at the Northern Mining and Processing Combine. Geologiya i razvedka (8); 115—117 (in Russian).

Ogilvi A. A.; 1990. Fundamentals of engineering geophysics. Moscow: Nedra; 468p. (in Russian).

Pigulevskiy P. G.; Svistun V. K.; Kirilyuk A. S.; 2016a. Use of geoelectric methods in studying the influence of technogenic structures on the hydrogeological regime of southern Kryvbas. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats UkrDHRI (2); 150—157 (in Ukrainian).

Pigulevskiy P. G.; Svistun V. K.; Kirilyuk A. S.; 2016b. Geoelectric study of engineering-geological condition of southwestern Kryvbas. Part 1. Physical and geological background. Geoinformatika; (3); 69—75 (in Ukrainian).

Pigulevskiy P. G.; Svistun V. K.; Kirilyuk A. S.; 2016c. Geoelectric study of engineering-geological condition of southwestern Kryvbas. Part 2. Results of applications of geoelectrical methods in survey of areas of flooding. Geoinformatika; (3); 69—75 (in Ukrainian).

Pigulevskiy P. G.; Svistun V. K.; Kirilyuk A. S.; 2017a. Geoelectric study of engineering-geological condition of southwestern Kryvbas. Part 3. The results of the application of geoelectric methods in solving geotechnical problems. Geoinformatika; (2); 62—74 (in Ukrainian).

Pigulevskiy P. G.; Svistun V. K.; Kirilyuk A. S.; 2017b. Geoelectric study of engineering-geological condition of southwestern Kryvbas. Part 4. Use of potential fields in the study of modern tectonics. Geoinformatika; (2); 62—74 (in Ukrainian).

Pigulevskiy P. G.; Svistun V. K.; Kirilyuk A. S.; Tyapkin O. K.; 2017ñ. Results of the use of geoelectrical methods for observations of ground-water in the territory of southern Kryvbas. EKOFORUM-2017. Problems and innovations: Proceedings of the Int. scientific and practical conf. Ivano-Frankivsk; P. 31—32 (in Ukrainian).

Pigulevskiy P. G.; Svistun V. K.; Mechnikov Yu. P.; Kirilyuk A. S.; Lesnoy Yu. V.; 2016d. Features of disjunctive tectonics of the Krivoy Rog iron ore area. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal; 38(5); 154—163 (in Ukrainian). doi:

Pigulevskiy P. I.; Svistun V. K.; Tyapkin O. K.; Kirilyuk A. S.; 2016. On the solution of geo-ecological and engineering-geological problems of urbanized territories by geophysical methods: Sergeevsky readings. Engineering geology and geoecology. Fundamental problems and applied problems: Materials of the annual session of the Scientific Council of the Russian Academy of Sciences on the problems of geoecology; engineering geology and hydrogeology. Is. 18. Moscow: PFUR; P 335—340 (in Russian).

Pigulevskiy P. I.; Tyapkin O. K.; Podrezenko I. N; Ostapenko N. S.; Kirichenko V. A.; Bondarenko L. V.; 2017. Prospects for the use of liquid wastes as a source of mineral compounds (for example; the Krivoy Rog iron ore basin): Composite Materials; Ecology; Information Technology; Economics and Law (ELaSA-2017): Proceedings of the International Conference. Tivat; Montenegro; P. 108—118 (in Russian).

Savich A. I.; Kuyundzhich B. D. (Eds); 1990. Complex engineering-geophysical studies in the construction of hydraulic structures. Moscow: Nedra; P. 45—56 (in Russian).

Semenyuk N. P.; 1972. About modern tectonic activity of block structures of the southern part of the Krivoy Rog iron ore zone: Modern movements of the Earth’s crust: Proceedings of the VI All-Union Conference and the IV Inter-departmental Meeting. Tallinn; P. 97—98 (in Russian).

Tyapkin K. F.; Tyapkin O. K.; Yakymchuk M. A.; 2000. Fundamentals of Geophysics. Kyiv: Carbon Ltd; 248 p. (in Ukrainian).

Tyapkin O. K.; 2006. Geophysical methods for solving geoecological problems. Dnipropetrovsk: Monolith; 296 p. (in Russian).

Tyapkin O. K.; Ostapenko N. S.; Podrezenko I. N.; Bondarenko L. V.; Kirichenko V. A.; 2017. Reduction of environmental risks of the Krivoy Rog iron ore region by utilization of liquid wastes of mining enterprises: Quality strategy in industry and education: Materials XIII Inter-national Conference. Vol. 2. Dnepr—Varna; P. 217—222 (in Russian).

Chebanenko I. I.; Shestopalov V. M.; Bagriy I. D.; Paliy V. M.; 2000. The fractured zone of increased permeability of rocks and their significance for revealing econebezpechtechnyh sites. Extras. Dopovidi NANA Ukrainy; (10); 136—139 (in Ukrainian).

Shapar A. G.; Yemets M. A.; Kopach P. I.; Tyapkin O. K.; Khazan V. B.; 2004. Strategies and tactics of sustainable development. Dnipropetrovsk: Monolit; 320 p. (in Ukrainian).

Tiapkin O. K.; Înyshchenko S. À.; Mendrii I. V.; 2016. Near-surface Seismic Interpretation to Reduce the Loss of Water Resources: EAGE 78th Conference and Technical Exhibition. Vienna; Austria; Paper Tu P3 05. 4 p.

Tiapkin Î. Ê.; Pihulevskyi P. H.; Dovbnich Ì. Ì.; 2017. Taking into account of influence of Earth crust faults in solving geological and geoeco-logical tasks by geophysical methods. Scientific Bulletin of National Mining University; (6); 15—22.

Tyapkin O. K.; Soldatenko V. P.; 2001. Application of Gravity Exploration in Evaluation of Geological and Ecological Consequences of Mining Activity. Geophys. J.; 20; 33—48.



  • There are currently no refbacks.