Domain structure of volcanics’ ferromagnetic grains: A case study of the Saatly ultradeep well, Azerbaijan


  • Z. A. Novruzov Institute of Geology and Geophysics of NAS of Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan



indirect magnetic criteria, magnetic domain state, volcanogenic rocks, super deep well


Various magnetic properties of magnetic minerals show strong grain-size depen-dence. This dependency occurs because these parameters are influenced by the magnetic grain-size (domain state) of the samples. Natural rocks often contain a mixture of different magnetic minerals with different grain-size (domain states). Thus determination of the domain state is important. The Saatly ultradeep well’s volcanics were used as a research material. In the depth intervals of 3540—8126 m the volcanics had been revealed by the borehole. According to data of the petrographic and microprobe analysis the volcanogenics of the ultradeep borehole is conditionally divided into a two parts: 1) the upper part (an interval of depths of 3540—5500 m); 2) the bottom part (an interval of depths of 5500—8126 m). In the upper part of section according to microprobe analysis of volcanogenic rocks ore grains are presented by two generations: 1) large grain of titanomagnetites (Ti-poor), homogeneous or with a decay structures; 2) small-sized usually well faced grain of practically stoichiometric magnetite. So, homogeneous small-sized grains or fragments of decay large grains (which are strongly changed chemically) can have properties of single-domain particles. Here the ferromagnetic grains (especially in the depth interval 3540—5000 m) are often noted as a pseudo-single domain. In the bottom part of the section the presence of multidomain grains of the Ti-poor titano-magnetite is noted. And since depths of 7000 m the oxidized magnetite is also observed. The pseudo-single-domain grains are fixed much less than in the upper section. And, since a depth mark of 7300 m and deeper, they are absent wholly. In the result of rese-arch it turned out that the ferromagnetic is presented by basically multidomain grains. It should be noted that Lauri—Fuller’s Criterion is not applicable at identification of a domain structure of the complex ensemble of the ferromagnetic grains.


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How to Cite

Novruzov, Z. A. (2019). Domain structure of volcanics’ ferromagnetic grains: A case study of the Saatly ultradeep well, Azerbaijan. Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 41(3), 203–210.