Мineral-fluidology and synthesis and genesis of natural hydrocarbons in the Earth’s bowels


  • І.М. Naumko Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine




thermobarogeochemistry, mineral-fluidology, fluid inclusions, minerals, fluids, hydrocarbons, oil-and-gas


Possibilities of fundamental science on fluid inclusions are discussed — the knowledge on mineral-forming environments (fluids) (thermobarogeochemistry—mineral-fluidology—fluid inclusions) in the repconstruction of fluid environment of the mineral and petroleum genesis in the Earth’s bowels. It is shown that in its naturally preserved relics-inclusions in minerals really reflect the processes of synthesis and genesis of natural hydrocarbons, migration of hydrocarbon fluids and their localization in oil-and-gas fields. Such phenomena, first of all, include occlusion of volatile mantle compounds — H2O, CO2, CO, CH4, etc. by inclusions in minerals of submantle (mantle) genesis (mainly in diamonds) as «hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon-forming (petroleum and petroleum-forming) constituents». The analysis performed indicates that in minerals of the basic and ultrabasic rocks exactly carbon dioxide and hydrocarbons are a typomorphic sign of defects-inclusions. The predominance of deep-seated high-density CO2 in inclusions in olivine from nodules in basalt of Hawaii Island and Sudety (Poland) and from the bottom of the Indian Ocean determines the carbon dioxide nature of degassing in the asthenosphere and lower reaches of the lithosphere. This confirms the most important postulate of the geological-geochemical model of deep petroleum genesis that only compounds such as H2O and CO2 can be donors of Hydrogen and Carbon for the synthesis of hydrocarbons. From the materials of fluid inclusions research in deep minerals it follows that there are prerequisites for the formation of petroleum similar systems at high temperatures and pressures in the asthenosphere of the mantle of the Earth and their migration in the Earth’s crust. Original authors experiences on this issue are realized in the new theory of synthesis and genesis of natural hydrocarbons: abiogenic-biogenic dualism, and a new model of mineral-naphthid genesis as well as a model of the evolution of deep fluids (by fluid inclusions) as a basis for the mineral-fluidological model of the Earth. This allowed us to justify the scheme of deep mineral-naphthid-genesis (synthesis of hydrocarbons and minerals) in the magma-lithosphere system in fault zones of the lithosphere in the environment of abiogenic high-termobaraic deep-seated fluid as one of the variants of the concept of polygenesis of natural hydrocarbons, suggest the schemes of migration processes in fluid-conducting fracturing zones and prove the conjugation of the migration processes of hydrocarbon fluids and formation of veinlet-impregnated mineralization: on the one hand, the formation of hydrocarbon deposits, on the other, the capture of hydrocarbon compounds in defect-sinclusions in minerals of veinlets. Thus, the identification of hydrocarbons in fluid inclusions helps to decide the fundamental problems of the origin of source substances for the mineral synthesis of hydrocarbons in the asthenosphere of the Earth’s mantle as well as applied problems for the development of search and evaluation criteria for hydrocarbon raw materials (by genetic indicators), and, accordingly, new unconventional geotechnologies, which involves the search for combustible fossils simultaneously with the solution of the problem of synthesis and genesis of hydrocarbons at the atomic-molecular level fixed defects of the crystalline structure of minerals.


Ivanyuta, M.M. , Fedyshyn, V.O., Deneha, B.I. , Arsirii, Yu.O. , & Lazaruk, Ya.H. (Eds.). (1998). Atlas of oil and gas fields of Ukraine. In 6 vol. Lviv: Tsentr Evropy, 2354 p. (in Ukrainian).

Bratus’, M.D, Gigashvili, G.M, & Beskrovnyi, N.S. (1978). Conditions for the plagiobasalts formation on the example of products of the eruption of Shtubelia volcano (Kamchatka). Thermoborogeochemistry in Geology: Abstracts of the VI All-Union meeting on the thermobarogeochemistry (Vol. 1, pp. 97—98). Vladivostok (in Russian).

Galimov, E.M. (1968). Geochemistry of stable carbon isotopes. Moskow: Nedra, 226 p. (in Russian).

Grinberg, Yo.V. (1971). Geochemical and physical and chemical principles of the deep hydrocarbons synthesis. In The origin of oil and gas and the formation of their industrial reserves (pp. 52—69). Kiev: Naukova Dumka (in Russian).

Huliy, V.M. (2004). Fields of diamond stability and petrological problems of its origin. Heoloh Ukrayiny, (1), 25—32 (in Ukrainian).

Dolenko, G.N. (1988). Topics of geochemistry of asthenospheric hydrocarbon fluids. In Geochemistry and Thermobarometry of Endogenous Fluids (pp. 104—112). Kiev: Naukova Dumka (in Russian).

Dolenko, G.N. (1990). Geology and geochemistry of oil-and-gas. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 256 p. (in Russian).

Dolenko, G.N. (1986). The origin of oil and gas and oil-and-gas accumulation in the Earth's crust. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 136 p. (in Russian).

Dolenko, G.N., Chekalyuk, E.B., Grinberg, Yo.V., Kolodiy, V.V, Boyko, G.Yu., & Stefanik, Yu.V. (1981). The theory of mineral origin of oil. Origin of oil and gas, their migration and patterns of formation and accommodation of oil and gas fields: Abstracts of the Republic meeting (Lviv, April 1981), Lviv, Part 1, 4—7 (in Russian).

Ermakov, N.P. (1972). Geochemical systems of inclusions in minerals (inclusions of mineral-forming media — a source of genetic information). Moskow: Nedra, 376 p. (in Russian).

Ermakov, N.P. (1950). Studies of mineral-forming solutions (temperatures and aggregate state). Kharkov: Publishing House of A.M. Gor’kiy Kharkov State University, 460 p. (in Russian).

Ermakov, N.P., & Dolgov, Yu.A. (1979). Thermobarogeochemistry. Moskow: Nedra, 271 p. (in Russian).

Zhovtulya, B.D., Kalyuzhnyi, V.A., & Remeshilo, B.H. (1980). Carbon-containing gases in basic and ultrabasic rocks (according by fluid inclusions research). Theoretical topics of oil-and-gas geology. Kiev: Publ. House of the UkrSSR Academy of Sciences, 65—73 (in Russian).

Zankovych, H.О. (2016). Geochemistry of fluids of veinlet-impregnated mineralization of promising oil-and-gas-bearing complexes of the north-western part of the Krosno zone of Ukrainian Carpathians: Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Lviv, 25 p. (in Ukrainian).

Zinchuk, I.M., Naumko, I.M., Kalyuzhnyi, V.A., & Sakhno, B.E. (2003). The volatile components of fluid inclusions in minerals of vein-veinlet formations of perspectively oil-and-gas-bearing strata of Lviv Paleozoic depression. Heolohiya i heokhimiya horyuchykh kopalyn, (2), 18—27 (in Ukrainian).

Kadik, A.A. (1986). Fractionation of volatile components during melting of the upper mantle. Geologiya i geofizika, (7), 70—73 (in Russian).

Kalyuzhnyi, V.A., & Sakhno, B.E. (1998). Typomorphic sings of fluid inclusions of hydrocarbons and carbon dioxide in order to discover useful minerals (Trans-Carpathian depression, Folded Carpathians. Ukraine). Heolohiya i heokhimiya horyuchykh kopalyn, (3), 133—147 (in Ukrainian).

Kalyuzhnyi, V. A. (1979). Dynamics of mineralogenesis based on the study of mineral-forming fluids (granitic chamber pegmatites and ore-bearing hydrothermalites of Ukraine): Extended abstract of Doctor’s thesis. Kiev, 48 p. (in Russian).

Kalyuzhnyi, V.A. (1982). Principles of the knowledge on mineral-forming fluids. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 240 p. (in Russian).

Kalyuzhnyi, V.A. (1978). Current state of the problem «Carbon and its compounds in endogenous processes of mineral formation (on inclusions in minerals)». In Carbon and its compounds in endogenous processes of mineral formation (according by fluid inclusions research) (pp. 3—16). Kiev: Naukova Dumka (in Russian).

Kalyuzhnyi, V.A. (1981). Composition and genesis of volatile components of fluid inclusions of basic and ultrabasic rocks. Origin of oil-and-gas, their migration and patterns of formation and location of oil-and-gas fields: Abstracts of the Republic meeting (Lviv, April 1981) (Part 1, pp. 56—57). Lviv (in Russian).

Kalyuzhnyy, V.A., Vynar, O.N., Zinchuk, I.N., Kovalishin, Z.I., & Matviyenko, A.D. (1987). Geochemical specialization of endogenous mineral-forming fluids and prospecting criteria for useful minerals. Mineralogicheskiy sbornik L'vovskogo universiteta, (41), 54—58 (in Russian).

Kalyuzhnyy, V.A., Shchepak, V.M., Gigashvili, G.M., Svoren’, Yo.M., & Makovskaya, I.A. (1975). The use of hydrochemical halos and liquid inclusions in minerals to estimate of the oil-and-gas conductivity of deep faults. In Patterns of formation and accommodation of industrial oil-and-gas fields (pp. 269—272). Kiev: Naukova Dumka (in Russian).

Kurovets’, I.M., Krups’kyi, Yu.Z., Naumko, I.M., Chepil’, P.M., & Shlapins’kyi, V.Ye. (2011). Prospects of the prospecting of hydrocarbons deposits in oligocene sediments of the Krosno zone (Ukrainian Carpathians). Geodynamika, (2), 144—146 (in Ukrainian).

Lemmlein, G.G. (1956). Supplements on the domestic literature on liquid inclusions in minerals and on the geological thermometry. In Geological thermometry on inclusions in minerals (pp. 123—168). Moskow: Inostrlit (in Russian).

Lemmlein, G.G. (1959). Classification of liquid inclusions in minerals. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo mineralogicheskogo obshchestva, (2), 137—143 (in Russian).

Lukin, A.E., Ladyzhenskiy, G.N., Potera, Yu. (2008). Isotope and geochemical differences of oil of allochthonous and autochthonous complexes of the Precarpathian region (within the boundaries of the Polish-Ukrainian segment). Dopovidi NAN Ukrayiny, (11), 119—126 (in Russian).

Mamchur, G.P, Svoren’, Yo.M., Kalyuzhnyi, V.A., Naumko, I.M., Yarynych, O.A., & Shnyukov, Ye.F. (1981). The isotopic composition of carbon of free carbon dioxide from the basaltic of the Indian Ocean floor. All-Union meeting on Carbon Geochemistry: Abst. (Moscow, December 14—16, 1981) (pp. 234—235). Moscow: GEOKHI, USSR Academy of Sciences (in Russian).

Marakushev, A.A., & Bezmen, N.I. (1992). Mineralogical and petrological criteria of ore content of igneous rocks. Moskow: Nedra, 315 p. (in Russian).

Marushkin, O.I., & Dudok, I.V. (1991). On the possible accumulation of hydrocarbons under the thrusts of the Marmarosh Massif of the Ukrainian Carpathians. Dopovidi NAN Ukrayiny, (11), 96—98 (in Ukrainian).

Matkovs’kyi, O., Naumko, I., & Pavlun’, M. (2017). The thermobarogeochemical school of Professor Mykola Yermakov and its contribution to the development of genetic mineralogy and the knowledge of mineral fields. Mineralohichnyy zbirnyk, (67), 3—37 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I. M., Svoren’, Yo. M. (2003). On the importance of deep high-temperature fluid in the creation of conditions for the formation of natural hydrocarbons in the Earth's crust. New Ideas in Earth Sciences: Mater. of VI Intern. Conf. (Moscow, April 812, 2003) (Vol. 1, P. 249). Moscow (in Russian).

Naumko, I. (2011). Mineralofluidology at the Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of the NAS of Ukraine. Heolohiya i heokhimiya horyuchykh kopalyn, (1-2), 114—115 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I. (2017). Contribution of Academician Hryhorii Nazarovych Dolenko to the development of thermobarogeochemistry — mineralofluidology at the Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Combustible. Heolohiya i heokhimiya horyuchykh kopalyn, (1-2), 120—121 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I. (2019). On the lithofluid and thermodynamic system in geology and geochemistry. Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals, No. 2 (179), 28—36 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I., Belets’ka, Yu., Machals’kyi, D., Sakhno, B., & Telepko, L. (2007). On the peculiarities of fluids of postsedimentogenous mineralogenesis of the sedimentary strata within the limits of the Lopushna oil field (Ukrainian Carpathians). Heolohiya i heokhimiya horyuchykh kopalyn, (2), 66—82 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I., & Bondar, R. (2011). Geochemical prerequisites of hydrocarbon genesis in metamorphic complexes of the Marmarщір massif (by fluid inclusions in minerals). Visnyk Kyyivs’koho universytetu. Ser. Heolohichna, (55), 38—41 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I., Bondar, R., Svoren’, Yo., Sakhno, B., & Nechepurenko, O. (2009). On the peculiarities of the gas component of the fluids of the metamorphogenic-metasomatic mineralogenesis of the rock-ore complexes of the north-western part of the Marmarosh massif (according by fluid inclusions research). Mineralohichnyy zbirnyk, (59), 84—94 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I., Bratus’, M., Dudok, I., Kalyuzhnyi, V., Kovalyshyn, Z., Sakhno, B., Svoren’, Yo., & Telepko, L. (2004). Fluid regime of catagenic-hydrothermal process of the period of formation of vein, veinlet and veinlet-impregnated mineralization in the sedimentary strata. In Carpathian petroliferous province (pp. 308—345). Lviv—Kyiv: LLC «Ukrainian Publishing Center» (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I., Kalyuzhnyi, V., Bratus’, M., Zinchuk, I., Kovalyshyn, Z., Matviyenko, O., Red’ko, L., & Svoren’, Yo. (2000). The knowledge on mineral-forming fluids: priority tasks of development at the present stage. Mineralohichnyy zbirnyk, (50), 22—30 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I., Kalyuzhnyi, V., Svoren’, Yo., Zinchuk, I., Bekesha, S., Red’ko, L., Sakhno, B., Druchok, L., Telepko, L., Belets’ka, Yu., Matviishyn, Z., Sava, N., Bondar, R., & Stepanyuk, V. (2007). Fluids of postsedimentogenic processes within sedimentary and sedimentary-volcanogenic strata of the south-western margin of the East European platform and adjoining geostructures (by inclusions in minerals). Heolohiya i heokhimiya horyuchykh kopalyn, (4), 63—94 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I., & Svoren’, Yo. (2014). New technologies of mineral prospecting based on fluid inclusions research. Actual problems of search and ecological geochemistry: A collection of abstracts of International Scientific Conf. (Kyiv, July 1—2, 2014) (pp. 23—25). Kiev: Interservice (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I.M. (2006). Fluid regime of mineral genesis of the rock-ore complexes of Ukraine (based on inclusions in minerals of typical parageneses): Extended abstract of Doctor’s thesis. Lviv, 52 p. (in Ukrainian)

Naumko, I. M., Bekesha, S. M, Svoren’, Yo. M. (2008). Fluids of depth horizons of lithosphere: connection with oil and gas deposits in the Earth's crust (by data of inclusion research of deep-seated origin). Dopovidi NAN Ukrayiny, (8), 117—120 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I.M., Bondar, R.A., & Sakhno, B.E. (2011a). On the genesis of high-drade metamorphized carbonaceous formations of the north-western part of the Marmarosh massif (according to data of fluid inclusion research). Dopovidi NAN Ukrayiny, (1), 113—117 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I.M., Zagnitko, V.M, & Belets’ka, Yu.A. (2011b). Isotopic composition of carbon and oxygen of the calcite of veinlets and host rocks within the Lopushna oil field (Ukrainian Carpathians). Dopovidi NAN Ukrayiny, (2), 100—115 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I.M., Zankovych, H.О. Kuzemko, Ya. D., Dyakiv, V. A., & Sakhno, B. E. (2017). Hydrocarbon gases of fluid inclusions in «marmarosh diamonds» from veins in the flysch formation of the area of the new Beskyd tunnel (Krosno zone of Ukrainian Carpathians). Dopovidi NAN Ukrayiny, (10), 70—77 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I.M., & Kalyuzhnyi, V.A. (1996). Problems of fluid regime and degassing of the Earth in the scientific views of M.P. Semenenko. Mineralohichnyy zhurnal, 18(2), 39—45 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I.M., & Kalyuzhnyi, V.A. (2001). Results and prospects of studies of thermobarometry and geochemistry of paleofluids of the lithosphere (by inclusions in minerals). Heolohiya i heokhimiya horyuchykh kopalyn, (2), 162—175 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I.M., Kurovets, I.M, Kurovets, S.S, Sakhno, B.E, & Chepusenko, P.S (2013). Volatile of fluid inclusions and closed pores of rocks in promising for shale gas Paleozoic complexes of the Volyn-Podillya. Dopovidi NAN Ukrayiny, (11), 116—123 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I.M., Pavlyuk, M.I., Svoren’, Yo.M., & Zubyk, M.I. (2016). Gases of coal fields: a new solution of the problem of synthesis—genesis of methane. Dopovidi NAN Ukrayiny, (3), 61—68 (in Ukrainian).

Naumko, I.M., Ponomarenko, O.M., Zankovych, H.О., Moroz, V.S, & Proskurko, L.I. (2015). Isotopic composition of carbonate and oxygen of the calcite of veinlet-impregnated mineralization of rock complexes of the north-western part of the Krosno zone of Ukrainian Carpathians. Dopovidi NAN Ukrayiny, (4), 88—94 (in Ukrainian).

Pavlyshyn, V.I. (1998). Principles of Crystal Chemistry of Minerals. Educ. manual. Kiev: Publ. Centre «Kyiv University», 320 p. (in Ukrainian).

Pavlyuk, M.I. (2014). Geodynamic evolution and oil-and-gas-bearing potential of the Sea of Azov—the Black Sea and of the Barents Sea pericontinental shelves. Lviv: Proman Ltd, 365 p. (in Ukrainian).

Pavlyuk, M.I. (2017). Geotectonic evolution and oil-and-gas potential of Ukraine (transcript of scientific report at the meeting of the Presidium of NAS of Ukraine on July 5, 2017). Visnyk NAN Ukrayiny, (9), 11—21 (in Ukrainian).

Pavlyuk, M.I., & Naumko, I.M. (2009). Fluid-conducting fault zones as an indicator of migration processes in coal-rock massifs and oil-and-gas strata and their fixation by thermobaric-geochemical methods. Naukovi pratsi UkrNDMI, (5), 114—121 (in Ukrainian).

Pavlyuk, M., Naumko, I., Makitra, P, Bryk, D. (2012). On the probable model of natural hydrocarbons formation in the Earth’s lithosphere. Heolohiya i heokhimiya horyuchykh kopalyn, (1-2), 110—116 (in Ukrainian).

Penteley, S.V. (2011). Visualization of in situ behavior and phase states of hydrocarbon fluids at elevated and high temperatures and pressures: Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Moskow, 26 p. (in Russian).

Ragozin, A.L., Shatskiy, V.S. (2003). Mineralogy and topics of the genesis of round diamonds from the placers of the north-east Siberian platform. In Problems of forecasting, exploration and exploration of mineral deposits at the threshold of the 21st century (pp. 245—249). Voronezh: Publ. House of VSU, (in Russian).

Svoren’, Yo.M. (2017). The phenomenon of natural coal-methane formation under the influence of abiogenic high-thermobaric deep fluid. Geology of fossil fuels: achievements and prospects: Proc. of the Second International Sci. Conf. (Kyiv, September 6—8, 2017) (pp. 225—229). Kyiv: IGN NAS of Ukraine (in Ukrainian).

Svoren’, Yo.M., & Naumko, I.M. (2009). Earth’s bowels — a natural physical and chemical reactor. Dopov. Nac. acad. nauk Ukr., No. 9, 138—143 (in Ukrainian).

Svoren’, Yo.M., Naumko, I.M. (2006). The new theory of synthesis and genesis of natural hydrocarbons: abiogenic-biogenic dualism. Dopovidi NAN Ukrayiny, (2), 111—116 (in Ukrainian).

Svoren’, Yo.M., Naumko, I.M. (2005). Thermobarometry and geochemistry of gases of the veinlet-impregnated mineralization in deposits of oil-and-gas areas and metallogenic provinces — a natural phenomenon of the Earth's lithosphere. Dopovidi NAN Ukrayiny, (2), 109—113 (in Ukrainian).

Smith, F.G. (1956). Geological thermometry on inclusions in minerals. Moskow: Inostrlit, 122 p. (in Russian).

Smith, F.G.(1968). Physical Geochemistry. Moskow: Nedra, 474 p. (in Russian).

Sobolev, V.S (1949). Introduction to mineralogy of silicates. Lviv: Publ. House of Lviv State Univ., 332 p. (in Russian).

Sokol, A.G., Palyanov, Yu.N., Palyanova, G.A., & Tomilenko, A.A. (2004). Crystallization of diamond in fluid and carbonate-fluid systems at mantle P, T parameters. Part 1. Fluid composition. Geokhimiya, (9), 949—958 (in Russian).

Sokol, A.G., & Palyanov, Yu.N. (2004). Crystallization of diamond in fluid and carbonate-fluid systems at mantle P, T parameters. Part 2. Features of diamond formation processes (analytical review of experimental data). Geokhimiya, (11), 1157—1172 (in Russian).

Tomilenko, A.A., Chepurov, A.I., Palyanov, Yu.N., Pokhilenko, L.N., & Shebanin, A.P. (1997). Volatile components in the upper mantle (according by fluid inclusions research). Geologiya i geofizika, 38(1), 276—285 (in Russian).

Tomilenko, A.A., Ragozin, A.L., Shatskiy, V.S., & Shebanin, A.P. (2001). Variations of fluid phase composition in the process of crystallization of natural diamonds. Doklady RAN, 378(6), 802—805 (in Russian).

Chekalyuk, E.B. (1980). The problem of the genesis of oil from the standpoint of geothermodynamics. In Theoretical questions of oil-and-gas geology (pp. 13—20). Kiev: Naukova Dumka (in Russian).

Chekalyuk, E.B. (1971). Thermodynamic principles of the theory of mineral origin of oil. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 256 p. (in Russian).

Chekalyuk, E.B., & Philyas, Yu.H. (1977). Water-petroleum solutions. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 128 p. (in Russian).

Shnyukov, E.F., Kalyuzhnyi, V.A., Shchiritsa, A.S., Telepko, L.F., Kruglov, A.S., Svoren’, Yo.M., & Alaui, G.G. (1987). Gas fluids of contact basalts of the Indian Ocean floor (by relict inclusions). Doklady AN SSSR, 297(6), 1457—1460 (in Russian).

Bratus’, M.D., Davidenko, M.M., Zinchuk, I.M., Kalyuzhnyi, V.A., Matvienko, O.D., Naumko, I.M., Pirozhik, H.E., Red’ko, L.R., Svoren’, Yo.M. (1994). Fluid regime in mineral formation in lithosphere (in relation to prognosis in prospecting for economic deposits). In Fluid inclusion research (Vol. 27, pp. 173—174). Proc. оf COFFІ. USA.

Giardini, A.A., Charles, E., & Mitchell, R.S. (1982). The nature of the upper 400 km of the Earth and its potential as the source for nonbiogenic petroleum. Journal of Petroleum Geology, 5(?), 173—190. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-5457.1982.tb00504.x

Haggerty, S.E. (1986). Diamond genesis in a multiply constrained model. Nature, 320(6057), 34—38. https://doi.org/10.1038/320034a0.

Hryhorchuk, К., Hnidets, V., & Balandiuk, L. (2018). Lithogenetic aspects of oil and systems formation in the Volyno-Podolia Sylurian deposits. Geogynamics, (2), 37—48. https://doi.org/10.23939/jgd2018.02.037.

Kalyuzhnyi, V.A. (1993). The peculiarities of the evolution of hydrothermal fluids H2O + CH4 + CnHm as a medium of the rock—crystal («Marmarosh diamonds») crystallization from the Ukrainian Carpathians. Archiwum mineralogiczne. A Journal of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, XLIX(1), 109—110.

Melton, C.E., & Giardini, A.A. (1975). Experimental results and theoretical interpretation of gaseous inclusions found in Arcansas natural diamonds. American Mineralogist, 60(5-6), 413—417.

Melton, C.E., & Giardini, A.A. (1974). The composition and significance of gas released natural diamonds from Africa and Brazil. American Mineralogist, 59(7-8), 775—782.

Melton, C.E., & Giardini, A.A. (1981). The nature and significance of occluded fluids in three Indian diamonds. American Mineralogist, 66(7-8), 746—750.

Naumko, І., & Svoren’, Yo. (2010). Abiogenic-biogenic bases of the genesis and synthesis of natural hydrocarbons in the Earth’s lithosphere (by fluid inclusions research). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74(11), A747.

Naumko, І., Bondar, R., & Sakhno, B. (2009). Metamorphic fluids: Comparison of volatile (Marmarosh massif, Ukrainian Carpathians and Zermatt region, Swiss Alps). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(13), A932.

Naumko, І., Zagnitko, V., & Belets’ka, Yu. (2011). The isotopic composition of carbon and oxygen in calcite of veinlets and host rocks within the limits of the Kokhanivka oil field (Carpathian Foredeep, Ukraine). Mineralogical Magazine, 75(3), 1526.

Naumko, І.М., Kovalyshyn, Z.I., Svoren’, J.M., Sakhno, B.Е., Telepko, L.F. (1999). Towards forming conditions of veinlet mineralization in sedimentary oil-and-gas-bearing layers of Carpathian region (obtained by data of fluid inclusions research). Геологія і геохімія горючих копалин, (3), 83—91.

Naumko, І.М., Кurovets’, І.М., Zubyk, М.І., Batsevych, N.V., Sakhno, B.Е., & Chepusenko, P.S. (2017). Hydrocarbon compounds and plausible mechanism of gas generation in «shale» gas prospective Silurian deposits of Lviv Paleozoic depression. Geodynamics, (1), 26—41.

Roedder, E. (1984). Fluid inclusions. Reviews in Mineralogy. Virginia: Mineralogical Society of America, Vol. 12. 644 p.

Roedder, Е. (1965). Liquid CO2 inclusions in olivine-bearing nodules and phenocrysts from basalts. American Mineralogist, 50(10), 1746—1782.

Svoren’, J. M., Naumko, I. M., Kovalyshyn, Z. I., Bratus’, M. D., Davydenko, M. M. (1999). New technology of local forecast of enriched areas of gold ore fields. The scientific principles of of forecasting, exploration and evaluation of gold deposits: Mater. Int. of Sci. Conf. (pp. 120—121). Lviv: Ivan Franko Higher Education Center.



How to Cite

Naumko І. (2020). Мineral-fluidology and synthesis and genesis of natural hydrocarbons in the Earth’s bowels. Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 42(4), 72–96. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v42i4.2020.210673