Geoelectric studies of the Kozloduy nuclear power plant region, Bulgaria
Keywords:conductivity, seismicity, nuclear power plants of Bulgaria
The task of the work was geoelectrical studies using variations of the magnetotelluric (MT) field of the Kozloduy nuclear power plant (KNPP) region and the integration of its results with other geological and geophysical knowledge. This paper presents the determined interpretation parameters of the MT field. The KNPP is located on the right bank of the Danube River in close proximity to the river. This fact, together with the location of electrified railways determined the unique network of locations of observation points for MT field variations. Based on the analysis of Earthquake Catalogs of Bulgaria and international seismicity databases, a map of the seismicity of nuclear power plant areas was built. Over the past 50 years, about 750 earthquakes (mainly south of KNPP) have been recorded at a distance of 40—80 km from the KNPP. Two magnetotelluric stations GEOMAG-02 were used at measurement sites, but equipment for recording electrical channels was available only for one station (due to the lack of another set of non-polarizable electrodes). The MT field variations were observed at 21 points, which are located on the territory with sides approximately 30—35 km from east to west and 40—50 km from north to south. For all observation points on the profile, only the parameters of the vertical magnetic transfer function (VMPF) were determined, in the form of the real (Cu) and imaginary (Cv) parts of the induction vector. The steadily induction vector was defined for periods from 10—20 to 4900—10 800 s. For most points it was possible to estimate the values Cu, Cv with an error of 0.02—0.04 and AzCu, AzCv 3—5°. The analysis showed the presence of anomalous behavior of Cu, Cv in different intervals of periods at some points. In the shortest (about 20 s) and longest periods (600 to 1000 s), the Cu directions completely coincide and indicate the presence of anomalous conductivity of the quasi-longitudinal strike to the west of the study area. This behavior of the Cu vector is in good agreement with power isohypsum strike of the Cenozoic deposits. At intermediate periods of 50—200 s, the behavior of Cu is more complex. Approaching the zone of high seismicity, the direction of the Cu differs from the previous ones by almost 90°. On the Geoelectrical sections, obtained as a result of 1D inversions of MTS curves at 4 points located in the southern part of the region, anomalous layers are identified (ρ about 10 ohm · m, the depth of the center of the object is 15—20 km). It can be assumed that well-conducting objects in the Earth’s crust of the region, apparently, prevent the propagation of seismic waves from nearby earthquakes to the north towards the KNPP.
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