Slobozhanskyi Herald of Science and Sport http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177 <p><strong>ISSN (print) 1991-0177</strong><br /><strong>ISSN (online) 1999-818X</strong></p> <p><strong>Parallel title:</strong><br />Слобожанський науково-спортивний вісник<br />Slobozans`kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik</p> <p><strong>Publisher:</strong> Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture<br /><strong>Established:</strong> 1997<br /><strong>Frequency:</strong> 4 times a year<br />Publication language – English<br /><strong>DOI-prefix:</strong> 10.15391<br /><strong>Certificate of state registration:</strong><br />КВ No12221-1105Р dated 17.01.2007</p> <p>The journal includes articles which are reflecting the materials of modern scientific researches in the field <strong>of physical culture and sport</strong></p> <p>The Journal is intended for teachers, coaches, athletes, <br />postgraduates, doctoral students research workers and other industry experts</p> <p>The journal is included in category B of professional <br />publications of Ukraine. Specialties: physical culture and sports (017) (Resolution of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine: No 3–05 / 11 dated 10.11.1999, No 1–05 / 34 dated 14.10. 2009; Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No1081 from 29.09.2014; Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No612 of 07.05.2019)</p> <p><strong>Editor in Chief</strong><br /><strong>Kateryna Mulyk,</strong> Doctor of Science (Pedagogy), Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture, Ukraine</p> <p><strong>Deputy Editors-in-Chief:</strong><br /><strong>leonid Podrіgalo,</strong> Doctor of Science (Medicine), Professor (Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture, Ukraine)</p> <p><strong>PUBLISHER </strong><strong>Addres</strong><br />Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture<br />Klochkivska st. 99<br />Kharkiv, Ukraine</p> <p> </p> <p>The articles in this journal are published <strong>open access</strong><br />The content of the journal is licensed by CreativCommons under the terms <strong>Attribution 4.0 International</strong> <strong>(CC BY 4.0)</strong></p> <p>Publishing House is committed to upholding standards of ethical behaviour at all stages of the publication process</p> Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture en-US Slobozhanskyi Herald of Science and Sport 1991-0177 <p><span lang="UK">Our publications make use of copyright <a href="http://creativecommons.org/" target="_new">CREATIVE COMMONS</a> open access journals. </span></p><p>Authors published in this journal agree to the following terms:</p><p>1 The authors reserve the right of authorship of the work and pass the journal right of first publication of this work are licensed under the <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>, which allows others to freely distribute the published work with reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of this magazine.</p><p>2 The authors have the right to enter into separate agreements for additional non-exclusive distribution of work in the form in which it was published the magazine (such as work place electronic repository institution or publish as part of the monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of this magazine.</p> CHANGES IN MORPHOFUNCTIONAL INDICATORS OF STUDENTS IN RESPONSE TO DOSED EXERCISE http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/260140 <p><strong>Мета:</strong> визначити особливості змін морфофункціональних показників здобувачів освіти у відповідь на дозоване фізичне навантаження. <strong>Матеріал і методи:</strong> У дослідженні брали участь практично здорові здобувачі вищої освіти 18±0,7 років І-ІІ курсів навчання (n = 40), які не займалися регулярно спортом у минулому та теперішньому часі. <strong>Методи дослідження:</strong> теоретичні методи педагогічного дослідження; тестування, апаратні методи; математико-статистичні. <strong>Результати:</strong> визначено особливості пристосування функціональних систем організму здобувачів освіти до регулярних фізкультурно-спортивних занять різними видами рухової активності переважної спрямованості. Виявлено, що в результаті регулярних занять за програмами тренувань як з видів фізкультурно-спортивної переважно циклічно/ациклічного характеру, так і ігрових видів спостерігається покращення рівня працездатності та витривалості здобувачів освіти вже у тримісячний термін. Реакції організму здобувачів освіти у відповідь на дозоване фізичне навантаження проби Мартіне-Кушелєвського наприкінці дослідження дозволяють стверджувати про підвищення рівня функціонування та резервів серцево-судинної системи випробуваних як характеристики адаптації морфофункціональних структур організму до програмованих регулярних занять фізичними вправами. Проте, у досліджуваній групі не виявлено достовірної різниці між показниками, які визначалися. Відтак, вплив переважно різних за характером видів тренувальних навантажень, за результатами реакції організму на дозоване фізичне навантаження, є схожим. Це сприяє поглибленню розуміння відносно пристосування організму молоді, що навчається, до фізичних навантажень за програмою академічних занять у закладі вищої освіти. Відтак, головним детермінантом підвищення рівня адаптації до фізичних навантажень у здобувачів освіти є регулярність занять, за умов дотримання педагогічних та специфічних спортивних принципів їх побудови. При цьому, головною метою таких занять має бути підвищення рівня загальної витривалості як характеристики рівня фізичного здоров’я. <strong>Висновки:</strong> Таким чином, реакція організму здобувачів освіти, які займаються різними фізкультурно-спортивними видами рухової діяльності не має конкретної вираженості та характеризується покращенням функціонального стану організму студентської молоді.</p> Andrii Yefremenko Svitlana Рiatysotska Viktor Pavlenko Vladyslav Rozhkov Copyright (c) 26 2 Features of the development of strength training of highly qualified football referees in the competitive period http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/259172 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> to identify the features of the development of strength training of highly qualified football referees in the competitive period. </p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods:</strong> the study involved 30 highly qualified football referees aged 35-42: 4 FIFA referees, 15 Premier League referees and 11 First League referees. </p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> the training program for strength development in the competitive period included new fitness training tools using TRX® functional loops, step platform, BOSU hemisphere, 6D sliding. In the preparatory and final part of the training session, we included MFR exercises to fill the muscles with the maximum volume of blood and activate the nerve centers for their additional stretching. The results of testing the physical fitness of highly qualified referees at the beginning and end of the competitive period indicate that the training program developed by us, aimed at developing strength in competitive microcycles, most significantly influenced the increase in the manifestation of strength qualities in flexion and extension of the arms in emphasis. 8% and speed endurance in the YO-YO test - by 15,1%. There was also an improvement in the results in the manifestations of speed by 7.4% and by 2.3% in the 40 m run and the 4x10 m shuttle run, as well as by 5,7% in the speed-strength abilities in the standing long jump test. </p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> the results of the study indicate the effectiveness of the strength training program for referees of different levels and qualifications and its use in training microcycles of the competitive period to improve physical fitness.</p> Anatoliy Abdula Andrii Pertsukhov Krzysztof Wnorowski Svitlana Mozharovska Yuriy Mozharovskyy Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-16 2022-06-16 26 2 58 62 10.15391/snsv.2022-2.005 Ukrainian folk outdoor games in the system of physical training facilities for gymnasts aged 6-7 years http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/259170 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>to substantiate the effectiveness of the use of Ukrainian outdoor games to increase the level of physical preparedness of 6-7 year old gymnasts.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods:</strong> the study involved 22 female athletes aged 6-7 years old involved in artistic gymnastics. The main and control groups included 11 female gymnasts each. Ukrainian outdoor games were included in the training process of the main group.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> the results of the study indicate that the proposed methodology, by which female gymnasts of the main group (MG) trained, contributed to a more pronounced (p&lt;0,05; p&lt;0,01) increase in the level of physical fitness compared to the results of female athletes of the control group (CG) who trained according to the traditional program for the development of physical qualities, except for the development of flexibility, where there was a statistically unreliable difference between the performance of female gymnasts of the main and control groups (p&gt;0,05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>results of the implementation of the methodology for increasing the level of physical preparedness of female gymnasts aged 6-7 years using Ukrainian folk outdoor games testify to its effectiveness. The results obtained allow us to recommend the developed methodology for use in the training process of young female gymnasts at the stage of initial training.</p> Alfiia Deineko Miroslawa Cieslicka Inna Krasova Iryna Bilenka Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-16 2022-06-16 26 2 52 57 10.15391/snsv.2022-2.004 Dynamics of change of high-speed and strengt preparedness of volleyball players under the influence of a set of exercises according to Тabata protocol http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/259168 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>to determine changes in indicators of speed-strength abilities of volleyball players under the influence of a set of exercises according to the Tabata protocol.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Method:</strong> 10 volleyball players of the male student team "KhSAPC", aged 17-21, took part in the pedagogical experiment, they have the first category in volleyball. The experiment lasted 2 months and consisted in using the Tabata protocol in the educational and training process of volleyball players. In the dynamics of the experiment, the speed-strength abilities of a selected group of volleyball players were tested. The assessment of the statistical reliability of the results of a comparative analysis of the indicators studied in this work was carried out using a nonparametric sign test.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>at the beginning of the pedagogical experiment, volleyball players had the following test results: push-ups for 20 s 17,30±0,45 times; standing long jump with push of two legs 229,20±2,98 cm; lifting the torso from the prone position in 30 s 30,40±1,37 times; throwing a stuffed ball weighing 1 kg from behind the head with two hands in a jump of 11,20 ± 0,93 m; jump up from a place (according to V. M. Abalakov) 49,60±2,51 cm. After the pedagogical experiment, the values of indicators of the speed-strength abilities of volleyball players for each of the five tests turned out to be significantly higher compared to the results of the corresponding tests obtained before the start of the experiment.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>the proposed sets of exercises according to the Tabata protocol turned out to be effective, as they made it possible to significantly improve (p˃0.01) the speed-strength abilities of volleyball players in all tests. The results obtained allow us to recommend the use of exercise complexes according to the Tabata protocol for the training activity of volleyball players.</p> Alina Melnyk Jerzy Skrobecki Tamara Liakhova Natalya Pashchenko Serhii Lebediev Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-16 2022-06-16 26 2 47 51 10.15391/snsv.2022-2.003 Model characteristics of competitive activity of female MMA mixed martial arts fighters of different weight classes http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/259136 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>to determine model characteristics of the competitive activity of female MMA mixed martial arts athletes of different weight classes.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Method:</strong> the study involved 150 top female mixed martial arts MMA fighters. Participants were divided into 3 groups according to the weight class of 50 athletes each: Strawweight (48 kg to 52 kg), Flyweight (52 kg to 56 kg), and Bantamweight (56 kg to 61 kg). The following methods were used: analysis of scientific and methodological information and Internet sources; generalization of best practices; analysis of protocols and videos of competitive activities; methods of mathematical statistics.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> female athletes of each weight class have their characteristics in terms of competitive activity indicators. Thus, the finish of the fight with a striking differential, attempts, and accuracy of takedowns is significantly better (p&lt;0.05-0.01) in women`s strawweight fighters. Strawweight female fighters perform a large number of sig strikes landed, which have high accuracy, due to which they win the fight, and this is explained by a large arsenal of technical and tactical actions. Women’s flyweight fighters need more time to finish the fight early. They also have the least number of sig strikes landed during the fight, which are performed with little accuracy, and this is due to the rational distribution of strength in a fight. Women’s bantamweight fighters conduct a large number of knockdowns landed and submissions during the entire fight, this can be explained by the high level of development of special endurance. It was found that the representatives of all weight classes perform mostly distance strikes landed and their sig head strikes landed are the best ones.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> applying methods of pedagogical observation and mathematical statistics allowed us to determine the structure and model characteristics of modern competitive activities of elite female mixed martial arts MMA athletes for each weight class. The model characteristics obtained during the study can be used to plan the training process of qualified female athletes and to solve the issues of managing their preparation for competitions.</p> Yuriy Tropin Vyacheslav Romanenko Wojciech J. Cynarski Natalia Boychenko Julia Kovalenko Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-16 2022-06-16 26 2 41 46 10.15391/snsv.2022-2.002 Influence of fitball aerobics on the development of individual coordinating abilities of girls 14–15 years old http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/259134 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>to determine the change in the level of development of the dynamics of the coordination abilities of girls 14–15 years old under the influence of fitball aerobics exercises.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods: </strong>the study was carried out on the basis of general secondary education in Kharkov. It was attended by 46 girls aged 14–15. The following methods were used in the course of the study: theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>the level of development of coordination abilities of girls aged 14–15 was assessed by such manifestations of coordination abilities as the ability for spatial orientation, the ability to assess and regulate the spatial and dynamic characteristics of movements, the ability to maintain static balance and the ability to adapt and restructure motor actions. A comparison of the indicators of the development of coordination abilities in the age aspect with the corresponding norms before and after the use of fitball aerobics exercises is presented. The results of the study indicate a trend towards an increase in the level of manifestation of coordination abilities after the experiment. The most significant increase was observed in the indicators of a jump with a turn: from 23,1% to 62,4% and the results of the Bondarevsky test: from 18.6% to 30.6%. Comparison of the indicators of coordination abilities in the age aspect showed that girls of 14 years old in most cases demonstrate higher results than girls of 15 years old. Comparison of the studied indicators with the relevant standards showed that the results correspond to the "average" level.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>the dynamics of the results indicates the stability of the level of development of coordination abilities and the trend towards their improvement. This confirms the expediency of organizing fitball aerobics classes in the sports section of the school.</p> Irina Kyzmenko Andrzej Ostrowski Viacheslav Zhuk Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-16 2022-06-16 26 2 35 40 10.15391/snsv.2022-2.001 Comparative analysis of sports practice as means of socialization of Kharkiv and Lviv citizens in the 20s–30s of ХХth century http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/257433 <p><strong>Annotation.</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;"> Purpose: The article aims to analyze the impact of physical culture and sports on the socialization and socio-cultural development of the individual in the 1920s </span><strong><em>–</em></strong><span style="font-weight: 400;"> early 1930s. Material &nbsp; &amp; &nbsp; Methods: The research material is specialized scientific literature, periodicals, and archival materials. Research methods: analysis, generalization and systematization of data; historical, logical, problem-searching.</span> <span style="font-weight: 400;">Results: Due to a large-scale propaganda campaign, there have been systemic changes in the organization of forms of physical activity of citizens and the broad involvement of young people in material culture. In the USSR, under the influence of Soviet propaganda, military-applied sports became popular, and the military nature of the activities of some sports associations in Lviv was associated with the national liberation struggle. If in the Soviet Union the initiative came from the state, the events in the physical culture and sports movement in Galicia were amateur and based on the activities of sports clubs and societies, were the result of public demand. Mostly young people and children took part in active sports, and the fan movement covered all age groups. Playing sports had a positive effect on the formation of personality, instilling a sense of patriotism, strong-willed traits, self-discipline, and values ​​of collectivism. Sports training has improved the health of citizens. The sports movement acted as a way to the emancipation of women. Involving people with hearing impairments in sports practices helped them overcome social exclusion. Exercise and sports served as a substitute for socially unacceptable behaviours. Conclusions: In the interwar period, the youth of Kharkiv and Lviv actively participated in physical culture and sports. Systemic physical education and sports activities have increased the social mobility of women and people with disabilities and helped eradicate deviant behaviours.</span></p> Nataliia Saltan Copyright (c) 26 2 Promotion of Chinese national traditional sports in the world http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/257274 <pre class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Переклад"><span class="Y2IQFc" lang="en">Purpose of the study: to determine ways to promote national traditional sports in the world. Material, participants and methods: The study involved 322 respondents, including 271 ordinary Chinese citizens (Hainan Province) and 51 physical education professionals, athletes and coaches involved in the development of Chinese national traditional sports.<br></span></pre> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Переклад"><span class="Y2IQFc" lang="en">The average age of respondents was 25 years. The following methods were used during the study: theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific literature, document analysis, systems analysis, sociological survey, methods of mathematical data processing.</span></pre> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Переклад"><span class="Y2IQFc" lang="en">Results: One of the most popular and world-famous Chinese national traditional sports is the dragon and lion dance, which is recognized as an official sport for the transformation from a national dance to a competitive activity. More than 60% of respondents, athletes, coaches and ordinary citizens assess the popularity of dragon and lion dance in the country above average, which indicates its public recognition and commitment to it by citizens, most respondents consider it a symbol of traditional holidays. 72.5% of respondents like this sport.</span></pre> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Переклад"><span class="Y2IQFc" lang="en">44% of physical culture specialists, athletes, coaches consider the main advantage of dragon and lion dance to improve the festive atmosphere, and only 25% of them consider its fitness function important, of ordinary citizens only 36% of respondents appreciate this function the level of public awareness of the positive impact of dragon and lion dancing on the human body. Most respondents believe that the dragon and lion dance should be spread in China and abroad (33% of physical education professionals, athletes, coaches, 67.8% of citizens), the main sources of information about this sport, most respondents believe the media.</span></pre> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Переклад"><span class="Y2IQFc" lang="en">Conclusions: the main ways to promote national traditional sports are identified: the formation of appropriate public policy, effective marketing, introduction in educational institutions and campuses, raising public awareness through the media (especially the Internet); dissemination among rural residents, combining innovative elements of the competition program with traditional ones, improving the system of international and national competitions.</span></pre> <p>&nbsp;</p> Анастасія Сергіївна Бондар Dongdong Chen Shaoying Liu Copyright (c) 26 2 Особливості розвитку силової підготовки футбольних арбітрів високої кваліфікації у змагальному періоді http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/257135 <p><strong>Мета дослідження</strong>: науково обґрунтувати програму силової підготовки футбольних арбітрів високої кваліфікації у змагальному періоді. <strong>Матеріали, учасники та методи дослідження. </strong>В дослідженнях приймали участь 30 футбольних арбітрів 35-42 років високої кваліфікації: 4 арбітри FIFA, 15 арбітрів Прем'єр-ліги та 11 арбітрів Першої ліги. <strong>Результати:</strong> анкетування арбітрів високої кваліфікації показали, що найбільша кількість травм 62,3 % пов’язані з розтягненням м’язів та виникає під час їх &nbsp;інтенсивної рухової діяльності, що обумовлено недостатньої силовою підготовленістю та міцністю основних груп м'язів та зв'язок, які найбільш активні під час такої&nbsp; роботи. В програму тренувань для розвитку сили у змагальному періоді були включені нові засоби фітнес-тренування з використанням функціональних петель TRX<sup>® </sup>, степ-платформи, полу-сфери <em>BOSU, </em>6D sliding. В підготовчій та заключній частинах тренувального заняття нами були включені вправи МФР, щоб збільшити м`язи максимальним об`ємом крові та активізувати нервові центри, щоб додаткового сприяти їх розтягуванню. Результати тестування фізичної підготовленості арбітрів високої кваліфікації на початку та наприкінці змагального періоду свідчать про те, що розроблена нами програма тренувань, спрямована на розвиток сили у змагальних мікроциклах, найбільш суттєво вплинула на приріст прояву силових якостей у згинанні та розгинанні рук в упорі лежачи на 27,8 % та швидкісної витривалості в тесті YO-YO -&nbsp; на 15,1 %. Також спостерігалося покращення результатів в проявах швидкості на 7,4 % та &nbsp;на 2,3 % у бігу 4х10 м, а також на 5,7 % &nbsp;швидкісно-силових здібностей в тесті стрибок у довжину з місця. <strong>Висновки. </strong>Результати дослідження свідчать про ефективність програми силової підготовки та використання її у тренувальних мікроциклах змагального періоду арбітрів різного рівня і кваліфікацій для покращення фізичної підготовленості та запобіганню травм.</p> Anatoliy Abdula Copyright (c) 26 2 Тhe dynamics of change of high-speed and power preparedness of volleyball players under the influence of a set of exercises according to Тabata protocol http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/256765 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>to define the changes of high-speed and power preparedness of volleyball players under the influence of a set of exercises according men’s student team «KhSAPC» by the age of&nbsp;17-21&nbsp;years took part in the experiment, which has the first category of volleyball. The experiment lasted 2 months and consisted of using the Tabata protocol in the educational and training process of volleyball players. The testing of high-speed and power abilities of the selected group of volleyball players were carried out in the dynamics of the experiment. The estimation of statistical reliability of results of the comparative analysis of indicators, which were studied in this work, was carried out using non-parametric criterion of signs. <strong>Results:</strong> At the beginning of the pedagogical experiment, volleyball players had the following test results: bending and stretching the hands in lying position for 20 s 17,30±0,45 times; long jump from two legs 229,20±2,98 cm; lifting the body from the lying position for 30 s 30,40±1,37 times; throw of a stuffed ball weighing 1 kg from behind the head with two hands in a jump of 11,20±0,93 m; jump up from the place 49,60±2,51 cm (according to V.M. Abalakov). After the pedagogical experiment, the values of high-speed and power abilities of volleyball players for each of the five tests were significantly higher compared to the results of the corresponding tests obtained before the experiment. <strong>Conclusions:</strong> the proposed set of exercises according to Tabata protocol proved effective, as it allowed to reliably improve (р˃0,01) high-speed and power abilities of volleyball players in all conducted tests. The results allow us to recommend the use of complex exercises according Tabata protocol to the training activities of volleyball players. <strong>Keywords:</strong> pedagogical experiment, test, sign criterion, training activity, cycle, series.</p> Аліна Мельник Copyright (c) 26 2 The influence of fitball aerobics classes on the development of certain coordination abilities of girls aged 14-15 http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/256241 <p><strong>Мета дослідження:</strong> визначити зміну рівня розвитку координаційних здібностей дівчат 14–15 років під впливом вправ фітбол-аеробіки.<strong> Матеріал, учасники та методи: </strong>дослідження здійснювалося на базі закладу загальноосвітньої середньої освіти м. Харкова. В ньому брали участь 46 дівчат 14–15 років. Під час проведення дослідження застосовувалися наступні методи: теоретичний аналіз і узагальнення наукової та методичної літератури, педагогічне тестування, педагогічний експеримент, методи математичної статистики. <strong>Результати:</strong> рівень розвитку координаційних здібностей дівчат 14–15 років оцінювався за такими проявами координаційних здібностей як здатність до просторової орієнтації, здатність до оцінки й регуляції просторово-динамічних характеристик рухів, здатність до збереження статичної рівноваги та здатність до пристосування і перебудови рухових дій. Представлене порівняння показників розвитку координаційних здібностей у віковому аспекті, з відповідними нормами до та після застосування вправ фітбол-аеробіки. &nbsp;Результати дослідження свідчать про тенденцію до підвищення рівня прояву координаційних здібностей після експерименту. Найбільш суттєвий приріст спостерігався у показниках стрибка з поворотом: від 23,1% до 62,4% та результатах проби Бондаревського: від 18,6% до 30,6%. Порівняння показників координаційних здібностей у віковому аспекті виявило, що дівчата 14 років у більшості випадків демонструють результати вищі, ніж учениці 15 років. Співставлення досліджуваних показників з відповідними нормами показало, що результати відповідають «середньому» рівню. <strong>Висновки: </strong>результати проведеного дослідження свідчать про стабільність результатів рівня розвитку координаційних здібностей, отриманих після експерименту та тенденцію до їх покращення, що підтверджує доцільність організації занять фітбол-аеробікою у спортивній секції школи.</p> Ірина Кузьменко Copyright (c) 26 2 Substantiation of the professiographic model of sports dances http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/255096 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>analysis of the activity of dance sport athletes using professiographic techniques to optimize the training and growth of sportsmanship.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods:</strong> the method of developing a professiogram was used according to the accepted methodology, methods for assessing the severity and intensity of work were used.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> the severity and intensity of sports activities in dancing were assessed. The main professional requirements are identified, which include: the need to maintain a pose in dance, high technicality in performing elements, mandatory artistry, a sense of rhythm and performing movements in accordance with music, high noise immunity, high physical preparedness with an advantage in coordination, strength qualities and endurance, high functionality of cardiorespiratory systems.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> the analysis of sports activities in sports dances made it possible to substantiate and develop a professional model of this sport. It has been established that sports dances belong to the 3rd category of labor in terms of severity and the 4th category in terms of intensity in accordance with the official physiological and hygienic criteria. The main professional requirements that determine the success of professional activity are highlighted. A set of methods necessary for the study and assessment of the state of the most important organs and systems that ensure the implementation of sports tasks is substantiated. These methods can be used in monitoring the functional state of athletes to develop a forecast for the growth of sportsmanship.</p> Olha Podrihalo Guo Xiaohong Leonid Podrigalo Olexandr Podavalenko Olexsandr Halashko Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 26 2 27 32 10.15391/snsv.2022-1.005 Improvement of the physical preparedness of athletes in breaking at the age of 13-15 years using the functional simulator "alpha-gravity" http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/255092 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>to experimentally substantiate the improvement of the physical preparedness of breakdancers at the age of 13-15 years using the functional simulator "Alpha Gravity".</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods:</strong> theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observation, pedagogical testing, pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics. The study involved 22 breakdancers aged 13-15 years, from the reserve of the national team of Ukraine. Two groups were formed from the study participants: the control group (CG) - 11 athletes and the main group (MG) – 11 athletes, in the educational process of which the means of the functional simulator "Alpha Gravity" were included.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>a positive effect of the application of a set of exercises using the "Alpha Gravity" functional simulator in the training process of breakdancers aged 13-15 years was revealed. The greatest increase in indicators of physical fitness of the athletes of the main group was found in the tests: T1 "Bend forward from a sitting position, legs together (cm)"; Т2 "Push-ups" (number of times min<sup>-1</sup>)”; T5 "Holding the torso in the prone position, (s)"; T6 "Plank, (s)". In other tests, there is also a positive trend in the growth of indicators.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>statistically significant positive changes in the level of physical preparedness of breakdancers at the age of 13-15 years of the main group (MG, n=11) were established under the influence of the developed training methodology using the means of the functional simulator "Alpha Gravity".</p> Sergey Humenyuk Vladimir Konovalov Vladislav Zamaziy Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 26 2 20 26 10.15391/snsv.2022-1.004 Control of physical and technical readiness of football players at the stage of specialized basic training http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/255091 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>to determine at the beginning of the preparatory period the initial level of physical and technical preparedness of football players born in 2006 of different youth teams in Kharkiv.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods:</strong> the study was conducted in August 2021. The contingent of the examined - athletes in the amount of 56 football players of the Children's and Youth Football Club (FC) "Arsenal" in Kharkiv and the Youth Sports School No. 7 in Kharkiv, whose average age was 14,6 years. Technical and physical indicators were determined that characterize the level of readiness of football players for the beginning of the competitive season. The following methods were used in the study: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, methods of mathematical statistics.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>the work established statistically significant differences between technical indicators: in the test, running 30 m (with the ball) (p&lt;0,05; t=2,18), throw-in (p&lt;0,05; 2,88); in terms of physical preparedness, statistically significant changes were found in the tests "Illinois" (p&lt;0,05; t=2,72), shuttle run 7x30 m (р&lt;0,05; t=2,48), at the same time, the players of the FC "Arsenal" overcome the distance faster (р&lt;0,05; t<sub>1</sub>=2,10; t<sub>2</sub>=2,05; t<sub>3</sub>=2,06; t<sub>7</sub>=2,15) on the first, second, third and seventh segments than the players of the Youth Sports School No. 7. In the endurance test of the shuttle run 5x30 m, the players of the FC "Arsenal" run faster (p&lt;0,05; t=2,12) than the players of the Youth Sports School No. 7, while in the first and third segments the players of the Youth Sports School No. 7 are slower (p&lt;0,05; t<sub>1</sub>=2,75; t<sub>3</sub>=2,05) overcome the distance than the players of the FC "Arsenal".</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>analysis of special literature shows that the modern scientific and methodological base in the analysis of technical and physical preparedness in football has not been sufficiently studied in order to ensure the effective preparation of young men for the highest sports achievements. As a result of the study, statistically significant differences were established in the indicators of physical and technical readiness between the football players of the FC "Arsenal" and the Youth Sports School No. 7 in Kharkiv. It was determined that football players born in 2006 have a low level of functional performance.</p> Serhii Lebediev Serhii Zhurid Svyatoslav Koval Victor Shalenko Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 26 2 14 19 10.15391/snsv.2022-1.003 Cybersports education in Ukraine: current state and development prospects http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/255090 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>based on the study of scientific literature on Internet sources, to analyze the current state of cybersports education in Ukraine and determine the prospects for its development.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods:</strong> the material of the study is the scientific literature and Internet sources, which highlight the current state of cybersport and cybersport education in Ukraine. Research methods: analysis, generalization and systematization of data; historical, logical, problem-search, prognostic.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>сybersport is a promising sports and economic area, which is based on the use of computer games. At the same time, cybersport is a new socio-cultural phenomenon that requires reflection by philosophers, culturologists, psychologists and art historians. The advantage of cybersport is the possibility of organizing competitions remotely, which allows you to involve a larger number of spectators. The latter fact makes cybersport attractive enough for potential sponsors and advertisers. The development of cybersports requires the involvement of professional cybersports players with appropriately developed cognitive abilities and psychological qualities, as well as other specialists who ensure the constant and uninterrupted organization, holding and coverage of sports competitions at the proper level (coaches, psychologists, managers, public relations specialists, commentators, analysts, marketers, directors, etc.). In the universities of Europe, America, Asia, educational programs aimed at obtaining education in the field of cybersports are quite diverse and presented in sufficient quantity. Unlike foreign institutions of higher education, domestic universities practically do not offer educational programs that meet the needs of the cybersports market. Therefore, cybersports education in Ukraine is a promising educational area that meets the modern needs of the labor market and the needs of potential employers.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>cybersports education in Ukraine is a promising educational area that meets the modern needs of the labor market and the needs of potential employers. At the same time, it requires determining the real needs of the domestic cybersports market in order to develop and implement relevant educational programs aimed at training specialists in this industry. The information obtained will allow developing and offering new educational programs that will allow Ukrainian cybersports to take its rightful place on the world stage.</p> Nataliia Tsyhanovska Viacheslav Honchar Vadym Danilyan Svitlana Piatysotska Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 26 2 9 13 10.15391/snsv.2022-1.002 Peculiarities of adaptive changes of qualified athletes to middle mountain conditions http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/255088 <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> to study the peculiarities of adaptive changes in high-class athletes to the effect of significant physical loads in middle mountain conditions.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods:</strong> determination of the level of urea and the concentration of hemoglobin in the blood was carried out using a biochemical analyzer "Diaglobal" (Germany) using ready-made kits of reagents from the same company.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> the article discusses the ways to improve the efficiency of training process management in athletics (race walking) and modern pentathlon, based on the use of biochemical control over the development of adaptation in various climatic conditions of the body of highly qualified athletes under the influence of training and control-competitive activities.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> the reaction to the load of the blood system on the hemoglobin in the second microcycle of modern pentathletes showed an unwillingness to perform these loads, due to the fact that most athletes perform training loads at this height for the first time, while in athletes engaged in race walking in the second microcycle adaptive polycythemia was developing. This ensures the formation of sustainable adaptation, which allows you to perform the planned program of training loads. A blood test of race walking athletes showed that the concentration of urea, which was determined before exercise at rest, gradually increased within normal limits, and characterized the tolerability of training loads.</p> Lyudmyla Stankevych Yuliia Khmelnytska Nataliia Vdovenko Halyna Rossokha Valentyna Yefanova Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 26 2 3 8 10.15391/snsv.2022-1.001 Physical preparation of football players at the stage of preliminary basic training http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/252616 <p><strong>Purpose</strong><strong>: </strong>to consider theoretical issues of physical preparation of football players at the stage of preliminary basic training.</p> <p><strong>Material and methods: </strong>in order to get acquainted with the state of the issue under study, an analysis and generalization of scientific, scientific and methodological literature, theoretical provisions on the physical preparation of football players at the stage of preliminary basic training was carried out. Analyzing scientific sources, the questions on the results of the study were considered: the use of means and methods of various orientations in the training of young athletes. The objectives and didactic purpose of the preliminary basic training phase were described. The place of physical training of young football players in achieving a sports result has been determined.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>it was found that the selective increase in training loads at all stages of sports training of children and adolescents is determined by the laws of the development of physical abilities. A high level and growth of development at a young age is assessed as a sensitive period and is fundamental for increasing the means of influence on a specific physical quality. Some researchers believe that the best sensitive period for the development of strength in young football players is the age of 13-15 years, others - 14-16 years.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>analyzing scientific sources, the following issues were considered based on the research results: the use of means and methods of various orientations in the training of young athletes. In organizing the training process of football players, it is necessary to take into account the high intensity of metabolic processes and the age characteristics of a growing child's body. The relatively low functional development of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems with boys aged 13–14 significantly limits the ability to perform long-term intense loads. As a result of studying the literature, it was found that, in accordance with the playing role, all-round physical training (with an emphasis on speed and speed-strength qualities) of young footballers aged 13-14 is an actual scientific research.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Keywords: </strong>physical preparation; physical training; young footballers; preliminary basic training.</p> Dmitriy Khomitsevich Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-02-10 2022-02-10 26 2 71 74 10.15391/snsv.2021-6.011 Middle mountains training of high-qualified visually impaired sprinters http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/252615 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>determine the impact of middle mountains training on the visual acuity and the level of preparadness of highly qualified visually impaired sprinters.</p> <p><strong>Material</strong> <strong>and </strong><strong>methods: </strong>we studied the indicators of the level of preparadness and visual acuity of the Honored Master of Sports of Ukraine in para-athletics among athletes with visual impairmants in the middle mountains. The following methods were used: analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, analysis of training loads and processing of parameters of training activity, pedagogical observation, pedagogical experiment (auto experiment), visometry, methods of mathematical statistics.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>middle mountains training led to positive changes in the indicators of the functional state of the visual analyzer and the level of preparadness of athlete.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>the use of preparation of highly qualified visually impaired sprinter in middle mountains training positively influenced the development of the level of special preparadness and the visual acuity.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>middle mountains, special preparadness, visual acuity, visually impaired.</p> Leilia Adzhametova Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-02-10 2022-02-10 26 2 64 70 10.15391/snsv.2021-6.010 Modern trends in physical culture and sports management in Ukraine http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/252614 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>to highlight modern trends in the management of physical culture and sports in Ukraine on the basis of generalization of the scientific heritage of domestic scientists.</p> <p><strong>Material and methods: </strong>theoretical and practical research of domestic scientists, official documents, methods of comparison, synthesis, analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>in the context of our country's European integration, the norms and standards introduced by the European Union governing physical activity and sports should be adhered to, and a roadmap for the development of sports should be developed at the state level. There is a need to separate the field of sports at the legislative and organizational level, so in scientific circulation and in the legal field, in accordance with European law, it is advisable to introduce the concept of "sports" to describe the activities of sports organizations and other business entities physical culture and sports services and carry out activities in such areas as health physical activity, sports in education and training, mass sports and sports for all, high-achievement sports and professional sports. The concept of "physical culture" should be included in scientific and social circles to outline the activities of people related to the use of physical exercises. These issues should be regulated at the legislative level and appropriate amendments should be made to the Law of Ukraine "On Physical Culture and Sports" and bylaws governing the field of sports.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>modern trends in the management of physical culture and sports in Ukraine are the transition to European standards, changing the mechanisms of state policy, decentralization of power, market development and improving the quality of physical culture and sports services through the introduction of state standards.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>physical culture, sports, sphere of physical culture and sports, sphere of sports, physical culture and sports organizations, management, decentralization, reform.</p> Anastasia Bondar Iryna Petrenko Oleksandr Tomenko Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-02-10 2022-02-10 26 2 57 63 10.15391/snsv.2021-6.009 Influence of CrossFit exercises on the power abilities of high school pupils http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/252545 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>to determine the influence of CrossFit exercises on the power abilities of high school-age children.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods: </strong>theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, pedagogical experiment, and methods of mathematical statistics. Such tests as the lifting of straight legs hanging (number of times); bending and extension of hands lying on the floor (number of times); triple jump on the right and left leg (m) were used to determine the level of the strength development of the 10th–11th-grade pupils. The studied results were compared to norms and evaluated with a certain number of points. Statistical analysis: the research materials were processed using the licensed program Excel. The study involved 113 schoolchildren in grades 10-11.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: at the beginning of the school year, we conducted the stating experiment, according to the results of which it was established below the average level of development of power abilities in high school pupils. According to the results of the primary research, pupils were assigned to the main and control groups for further conducting the forming experiment. Pupils of control groups were engaged only in the generally accepted state program on physical education for the 10th–11th grades of general secondary education institutions, and the educational process on physical education of pupils of the main groups was supplemented by the variant module “CrossFit” developed by us. According to the results of researches obtained after the introduction of the experimental technique into the educational process for physical education, it was determined that in schoolchildren of the main groups, the level of development of power abilities increased from below average to above average. Changes weren’t found on the score scale in the test control groups. In the age aspect, there is mainly an improvement in results with age, both in the main and control groups (p&gt;0,05). In the gender aspect, it was revealed, mainly, the reliable primacy of the data of boys over the indicators of girls (p&lt; 0,05–0,001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>significant positive changes were revealed in the indicators of the level of the strength development of the 10th–11th-grade pupils of the main groups, after using the experimental technique proposed by us in the educational process on physical education.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>variable module, CrossFit, high school pupils, power, physical culture lessons, motor activity.</p> Anhelina Petrova Tetiana Bala Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-02-10 2022-02-10 26 2 50 56 10.15391/snsv.2021-6.008 Badminton as one of the means of health and recreational activities of students http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/252543 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>to assess the influence of badminton classes according to the health-improving and recreational program on the physical fitness and health of students.</p> <p><strong>Material and methods: </strong>13 female applicants for higher education of the second year of the Kharkov State Academy of Physical Culture took part in the study. The health-improving and recreational program was implemented within 6 months. To assess its effectiveness at the beginning and at the end of the experiment, the participants were determined by anthropometric indicators (body weight, standing height, muscle strength of the hand), physiological indicators (vital capacity of the lungs (VC)). The assessment of the physical working capacity of female students and the effectiveness of their respiratory system was carried out using the tests of Rufier, Shtange, Genche. The level of their health was assessed according to Pirogova's method.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>the studies carried out confirmed the information of scientists about the unsatisfactory state of physical fitness and the level of health of student youth. The presented materials made it possible to state the positive influence of health-improving and recreational classes using badminton means on the indicators of the functional state of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, the level of physical performance and physical health of girls.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>the results of the studies indicate that the indicators of body weight, standing height did not change almost, and indicators of hand strength, vital capacity of the lungs improved during the cycle of training sessions. The results of the conducted research testify to the improvement of the functional state and the level of health of the female students, who trained according to the health-improving and recreational program, which is based on the means of badminton.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>health, physical fitness, physical development, functional tests, Shtange's test, Genche's test, students, badminton.</p> Olga Sutula Anastasia Nevelyka Yuri Chucha Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-02-10 2022-02-10 26 2 45 49 10.15391/snsv.2021-6.007 Classification of acrobatic movements of group P - "platforms" and their varieties in artistic swimming http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/252464 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>to classify and determine the methodology for constructing the technical value of acrobatic movements of "group P".</p> <p><strong>Material and methods:</strong> theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature data, analysis of competition results, polls, methods of mathematical statistics. The competitive programs of the World and European Championships (2009-2021) and the Olympic Games (2008-2021) are analyzed.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> analyzing the performances of leading athletes at the Olympic Games, World and European Championships, from 2004 to 2021, we developed a diagram where we can determine what platforms are performed least of all in comparison with other groups. The next step we have combined the existing types of acrobatic movements of "group P" into a single table, forming the criterion for assessing the "area of support" or "value of the type of connection" (grip). In total, the value of 30 types of connections was calculated in the group P - "platforms". Taking into account all the data obtained, a matrix was built, an algorithm for calculating the technical value of the "group P". Based on the developed methodology for calculating the technical value of acrobatic movements, a unified table (scale) of the technical value of acrobatic movements of "group P" was developed - a platform where acrobatic movements were distributed in order from the easiest to the most difficult according to the calculated technical value.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> the data of our research made it possible to create the author's system of classification of acrobatic movements, sort it out in detail and develop a methodology for determining and calculating the technical value of 81 acrobatic movements of "group P". The obtained data became the basis for the development of a unified table of the technical value of acrobatic movements of "group P" in artistic swimming. Preliminary approbation of this system and their discussion at international seminars of specialists, coaches and judges of various qualifications in artistic swimming made it possible to make a number of clarifications, additions and improve the development of a classification system for acrobatic movements of "group P" and an assessment of their complexity.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> artistic swimming, classification, competitive compositions, acrobatic movements, platforms.</p> Anastasiya Petrenko Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-02-10 2022-02-10 26 2 39 44 10.15391/snsv.2021-6.006 Determination of model characteristics of technical and tactical indicators of highly qualified female swimmers, who specialize on the distance of 50 meters by different strokes http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/252463 <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>to develop the model characteristics of technical and tactical indicators of highly qualified female swimmers, who specialize on the distance of 50 meters by different strokes.</p> <p><strong>Material and methods: </strong>analysis of literary sources, timing, video filming, methods of mathematical statistics. The surveyed contingent consisted of participants of the final heats of the Swimming Championships and Cups of Ukraine at the distance of 50 meters by different strokes. The level of sports qualifications of the sportswomen corresponded to the titles of Master of Sports of Ukraine and Master of Sports of Ukraine of international class.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>the influence of indicators of swimming speed, tempo and «step» of the cycle of rowing movements on the result of overcoming the distance of 50 meters by different strokes by highly qualified sportswomen investigated; the most significant parameters of the technical and tactical skill of highly qualified female swimmers depending on the swimming stroke determined and their model characteristics developed.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: the influence of the indicators of swimming speed, tempo and «step» of the cycle of rowing movements on the result of overcoming the distance of 50 meters by highly qualified sportswomen has characteristic features depending on the swimming stroke. The most significant technical and tactical parameters in front crawl swimming is the speed on the segments «15 m - 25 m» and «45 m - 50 m», the tempo of the rowing movements on the sections «35 m - 45 m» (R is -0,60, -0,72 and -0,72 respectively). In the backstroke swimming the result mainly depends on the fast swimming of the first 35 meters of the distance (R values ​​are in the range of -0,57 - -0,98), as well as the tempo values ​​on the segment «25 m - 35 m» (R = -0,50). Efficiency at the distance of 50 meters by breaststroke swimming is influenced by the speed indicators of overcoming the sections «emerging - 15 m», «25 m - 35 m» and «45 m - 50 m», the tempo of rowing movements on the segments «emerging - 15 m» and «15 m - 25 m», the ability to maintain a large «step» on the sections «15 m - 25 m» and «25 m - 35 m» (R at the level of values ​​-0,88, -0,56, -0,86, -0,55, -0,70, 0,79 and -0,69 respectively). The result in the butterfly stroke mostly depends on the fast passage the underwater area and the second half of the distance of 50 meters (R within 0,58 – 0,86). The tempo and «step» of the cycle of rowing movements closely correlate with the final result on the second half of the competitive distance (R values ​​vary from –0,70 to –0,97). Orientation on the developed model characteristics of the most significant indicators of technical and tactical skill of highly qualified female athletes, who have the different swimming specializations, will contribute to the improvement of training and competitive activity in modern swimming.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>sportswomen, 50 meters, swimming strokes, technical and tactical indicators, correlation, model characteristics.</p> Olga Pylypko Alina Pylypko Alina Shynkarenko Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-02-10 2022-02-10 26 2 32 38 10.15391/snsv.2021-6.005 Determination of the correlation dependence of mastering the basic elements of rhythmic gymnastics on the use of the classical exercise by girls 5-6 years old http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/1991-0177/article/view/252462 <p><strong>Мета</strong>: встановити кореляційний взаємозв’язок базових елементів художньої гімнастики та спеціальних вправ класичного екзерсису.</p> <p><strong>Матеріал і методи:</strong> дослідження проводилося на базі КЗ "КДЮСШ №1 ХМР" серед дівчаток 5-6 років, які займаються художньою гімнастикою. В експерименті брали участь 60 юних спортсменок. Для встановлювання кореляційної залежності було залучено 3 хореографа і 4 тренера з художньої гімнастики. В зв’язку з тим, що дослідження проводилося в групах початкової підготовки другого року навчання, була застосована 10-ти бальна шкала оцінки. На початку дослідження визначався вплив класичного екзерсису на засвоєння базових елементів художньої гімнастики. Наприкінці – встановлювалася кореляція між елементами художньої гімнастики та спеціальними вправами класичного екзерсису.</p> <p><strong>Результати:</strong> в процесі застосування спеціальних вправ класичного екзерсису (фр. exercice – "вправа"), тобто вивчення елементарних базових рухів біля станку – підвищився рівень виконання базових елементів художньої гімнастики, таких як: стрибок «козак» (t=2,12; p&lt;0,05), рівновага «вперед» (t=3,57; p&lt;0,001), рівновага «атитюд» (t=2,68; p&lt;0,01), поворот «пасе» (t=2,21; p&lt;0,05), «колесо» (t=1,72; p&gt;0,05).</p> <p><strong>Висновки:</strong> у результаті досліджень визначено кореляційний взаємозв’язок базових елементів художньої гімнастики зі спеціальними вправами класичного екзерсису.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Ключові слова: </strong>художня гімнастика, базові елементи, класичний екзерсис, кореляція.</p> Olga Riabchenko Elmira Elkhan kyzy Aliiva Copyright (c) 2022 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-02-10 2022-02-10 26 2 26 31 10.15391/snsv.2021-6.004