Necrobiosis lipoidica: a rare clinical and pathomorphological case

Main Article Content

Z.P. Nizhynska-Astapenko
M.V. Vlasenko
V.S. Vernygorodsky
L.P. Kholod
O.V. Shvedka

Abstract

According to modern scientific researches, necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is a disease characterized by focal disorganization and lipid collagen dystrophy. It is believed that the basis of skin changes in this dermatosis is diabetic microangiopathy that is accompanied by sclerosis and obliteration of blood vessels, which leads to necrobiosis with subsequent deposition of lipids in the dermis. This pathology is registered relatively rarely, in 1 % of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) on average. The combination of NL with DM, according to the literature data, ranges from 25 to 70 %; more often (in 40–60 % of cases) DM is preceded by NL, and in 10–25 % of cases they occur simultaneously. In addition, in 10–50 % of cases NL is diagnosed in people without concomitant diabetes. The variability of clinical, epidemiological features and the relatively low prevalence of this pathology is often the cause for misdiagnosis or late diagnosis. The described clinical case is typical in terms of the epidemiological data: sex, age, presence of DM. At the same time, it is rare in terms of the clinical picture: it is not classically diabetic by localization (symmetrical areas of the legs are typical), by appearance of necrobiosis areas — granulomatous type of necrobiosis in the form of granuloma annulare, by histological structure — area of chronic perivascular lymphoplasmocytic inflammation with the involvement of single giant cells, which required additional clinical and anamnestic data for an objective report of the pathologist. Biopsy in this case was used as a differential diagnosis between granuloma annulare and necrobiotic necrogranuloma. In addition, this method of diagnosis has played an additional therapeutic role. This case may have demonstrated the activation of the cellular and humoral immune response in the area of chronic inflammation in response to a mechanical damage and the resolution of inflammation with complete tissue repair.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nizhynska-Astapenko, Z., M. Vlasenko, V. Vernygorodsky, L. Kholod, and O. Shvedka. “Necrobiosis Lipoidica: A Rare Clinical and Pathomorphological Case”. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY (Ukraine), vol. 17, no. 8, Jan. 2022, pp. 651-5, doi:10.22141/2224-0721.17.8.2021.246882.
Section
Clinical Case

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