Cognitive disorders in diabetes mellitus type 2 elderly patients
Keywords:diabetes mellitus, cognitive impairment, memory
AbstractDespite the fact that little attention is paid to the study of the prevalence of cognitive impairment in diabetes mellitus patients, some authors believe that cognitive dysfunction begins at the stage of pre-diabetes and progresses over time. The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence and assess the state of cognitive disorders in type 2 diabetes mellitus elderly patients compared with persons in the control group. Materials and methods. The study involved 115 type 2 diabetes patients, including 78 women and 37 men. The control group consisted of 12 people without diabetes, including 9 women and 3 men. Evaluation of cognitive manifestations held in the morning using the following methods, these include: the test "5 words”, the scale of assessment of mental status (MMSE), test battery on the frontal dysfunction (BLD), evaluation of test o’clock. Results. There is a significant deterioration of cognitive function in diabetes elderly patients compared with persons in the control group. The cognitive function study in diabetes mellitus patients, according to sex, significant differences between the indices was not found. The prevalence of cognitive impairment in patients with diabetes mellitus elderly ranged from 47.8% to 67.0% depending on the test. Conclusions. It is necessary to carry out the screening of cognitive impairment in patients with diabetes.
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