Clinical and psychopatological features of organic depressive disorder in the individual abusing alcohol (case report).

Authors

  • I. D. Spirina
  • S. F. Leonov
  • T. Yo. Shusterman
  • Ya. S. Varshavskiy

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26641/2307-0404.2015.1.40310

Keywords:

depression, organic disorder, abusing alcohol

Abstract

The article describes a clinical case of organic depressive disorder in the personality who sustained a traumatic brain injury and who abused alcohol, with distinguishing number of clinical and psychopathological features. Depressed mood, slowed thinking process, sleep disturbances, low self-esteem, hypochondriacal tendencies allowed to diagnose depressive disorder. Clinical history on sustained brain concussion, as well as inertness of nervous and mental processes revealed in psychodiagnostic study testified to organic genesis of the disease. Alcohol abuse by the person having an adverse organic background contributed to appearance of psychotic symptoms in clinical picture. Hallucinatory and delusional inclusions relatively quickly stopped on a background of antipsychotic treatment; this testified that they are secondary to the affective (depressive) symptoms.

Author Biographies

I. D. Spirina

SE "Dnipropetrovsk medical academy of Health Ministry of Ukraine"
Department of Psychiatry, General and Medical Psychology
Dzerzhinsky str., 9, Dnеpropetrovsk, 49044, Ukraine

S. F. Leonov

SE "Dnipropetrovsk medical academy of Health Ministry of Ukraine"
Department of Psychiatry, General and Medical Psychology
Dzerzhinsky str., 9, Dnеpropetrovsk, 49044, Ukraine

T. Yo. Shusterman

SE "Dnipropetrovsk medical academy of Health Ministry of Ukraine"
Department of Psychiatry, General and Medical Psychology
Dzerzhinsky str., 9, Dnеpropetrovsk, 49044, Ukraine

Ya. S. Varshavskiy

CI «Dnipropetrovsk clinical psychiatric hospital of Dnipropetrovsk regional council»
Bekhterev str., 1, Dnеpropetrovsk, 49115, Ukraine

References

Domulin IV. [Features of depression in neuro¬lo¬gical diseases]. Zhurn. nevrologii i psyhiatrii. 2005;10:55-56. Ukrainian. 2. Naprjejenko OK, Loganovs'kyj KM, Syropjatov OG. [Non-circular depressions]. Monografija. Za red. prof. Naprjejenka OK. – K.: Sofija-A. 2013;624. Ukrainian. 3. Beck AT. The evolution of the cognitive model of depression and its neurobiological correlates. Am J Psychiatry. 2008;165:969-97. 4. Hegerl U, Pfeiffer-Gerschel T. Early detection of depressive illness. MMW Fortschr Med. 2007;149:9-31. 5. Nortoff G. Psychopathology and pathophysiology of the self in depression. J Affect Disord. 2007;104:1-14.

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Published

2015-03-16

How to Cite

1.
Spirina ID, Leonov SF, Shusterman TY, Varshavskiy YS. Clinical and psychopatological features of organic depressive disorder in the individual abusing alcohol (case report). Med. perspekt. [Internet]. 2015Mar.16 [cited 2021Mar.9];20(1):81-5. Available from: http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/2307-0404/article/view/40310

Issue

Section

CLINICAL MEDICINE