CONDITIONALITY OF MOTOR ACTIVITY BY THE DISABLED IN THE KUJAWSKO-POMORSKIE REGION

Miroslawa. Szark-Eckardt, Michalina. Kuska, Hanna. Zukowska, S.S. Iermakov

Abstract


According to the Article 26 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, " the European Union recognizes the right of persons with disabilities to benefit from measures designed to ensure their independence, social and occupational integration and participation in the life of the community." Recently, a lot has been changed when it comes to the organization of educational and working places for people with different disorders, but the necessity of forming places where they could spend their free time has been neglected. The result of it is the restriction of the motor activity of disabled people, which exerts a direct influence not only on the realm of health, but also sets obstacles in their social lives, especially when it comes to the fulfillment of social roles and contacts with other people. The aim of this research was to gain knowledge about the reasons why disabled persons take up different forms of physical activities and to determine its role in the interviewees' lives. The results of the research were obtained between February and June 2011. 1500 disabled persons from the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship participated in the research. The results of 1086 surveys were analyzed in this paper, the rest was rejected because of their deficiencies. The method applied in the research was the diagnostics survey, while the tool was the questionnaire form. The research shows that 68,2% of the respondents are aware of the importance of motor activity. Right up to 57,0% of the people asked prefer walking as the form of spending their free time. The biggest obstacles which make them resign from taking up any physical activity are the architectural barriers, particularly stairs (56,8%), entrances to different rooms and buildings (43,3%), as well as the maladjustment of the means of public transport to the disabled persons' needs and lacks in recreational and sports infrastructure Health is the most important reason for nearly a half of the interviewees (49,4%) to take up physical activity and the main aim is to improve their motor abilities (55,1%). One in every three respondents (30,3%) complies with doctors orders performing motor activities.

Keywords


invalid; motive; activity; development

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