DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2313-8416.2019.181392

Yield of different varieties of winter cereals in dependence on terms of sowing in the black sea conditions

Anna Kryvenko, Svetlana Pochkolina, Igor Elkin

Abstract


The object of research is the processes of formation of productivity and quality of crops depending on the agrochemical composition of the soil.

The aim of research is creation of information and methodological support for the evaluation of new varieties for different abiotic conditions and to develop innovative technologies for growing winter crops.

The scientific bases of the influence of sowing periods on the formation of yield of promising winter wheat and winter barley varieties are developed.

Positive response of new winter wheat varieties to different sowing periods is revealed.

It is established that sowing periods should be set differentially for varieties with different periods of vernalization and different photoperiodic sensitivity.

It is determined that sowing time has a significant impact on the grain yield of winter cereals studied in the experiment


Keywords


sowing time; winter wheat; winter barley; perspective varieties; yield

References


Druziak, V. H. (2002). Vplyv strokiv sivby novykh sortiv ozymoi miakoi pshenytsi na urozhainist zerna. Ahrarnyi visnyk Prychornomoria, 18, 15–16.

Stelmakh, A. F., Lytvynenko, M. A., Fait, V. I. (2004). Yarovyzatsiina potreba ta fotochutlyvist suchasnykh henotypiv ozymoi miakoi pshenytsi. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats SHI-NATs NAIS, 5 (45), 118–127.

Adamenko, T., Kulbida, M., Prokopenko, A. (2009). Otsinka suchasnykh ahroklimatychnykh umov ta tendentsiia yikh zminy v Ukraini v period hlobalnoho poteplinnia. Kyiv, 12.

Alabushev, A. V., Iankovskii, N. G., Filippov, E. G. et. al. (2007). Obosnovanie optimalnykh srokov i norm vyseva ozimogo iachmenia. Zemledelie, 3, 28–29.

Yarchuk, I. I., Bozhko, V. Yu., Kelypenko, M. M. (2013). Ahroekolohichni aspekty formuvannia produktyvnosti posiviv yachmeniu ozymoho zalezhno vid mineralnykh dobryv. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Podilskoho derzhavnoho ahrarno-tekhnolohichnoho universytetu, 295–298.

Zubets, M. V. et. al. (2004). Naukovi osnovy ahropromyslovoho vyrobnytstva v zoni Stepu Ukrainy. Kyiv: Ahrarna nauka, 844.

Kniazeva, B. M. (2004). Zavisimost urozhainosti tverdoi pshenicy ot srokov poseva. Zernovoe khaziaistvo, 6, 20–21.

Tupicyn, N. V., Valiaikin, S. V., ZHirnov, A. V. (2004). Sroki seva ozimoi pshenicy. Zemledelie, 4, 20.

Wheat Production Handbook (1997). Kansas State University, 41.

Ulich, L. I., Korkhova, M. M., Kotynina, O. A. (2009). Urozhainist novykh sortiv pshenytsi ozymoi (Triticum aestivum L.) zalezhno vid strokiv sivby. Sortovyvchennia ta okhorona prav na sorty roslyn, 1 (9), 91–95.

Chuvarleeva, G. V., Korotkov, V. M., Vasiukov, P. P. (2008). Vliianie srokov i norm vyseva na urozhainost ozimogo iachmenia. Zemledelie, 2, 32.

Leszczynska, D., Noworolnik, K. (2002). Wplyw terminu і gestosci siewu na przezimowanie і plonowanie kilku odmian jeczmienia ozimego. Ekofizjologiczne aspekty reakcji roslin na dzialanie czynnikow stresowych, 1, 187–191.

Bondarenko, V. I., Khmara, V. V., Kosenko, G. I. (1977). Effektivnost mineralnykh udobrenii v zavisimosti ot srokov poseva ozimoi pshenic. Racionalnoe ispolzovanie udobrenii v Stepi USSR. Izd. VNII kukuruzy, 56–58.

Bulavka, N. V. (1984). Nasledovanie razlichnoi potrebnosti v iarovizacii pri skreschivanii ozimykh sortov miagkoi pshenicy. Trudy po prikladnoi botanike, genetike i selekcii, 95, 37–41.

Razumov, V. I. (1966). Vzaimovliianie dliny dnia i iarovizacii rastenii v ontogeneze ozimykh pshenic. Doklady Erevanskogo simpoziuma po ontogenezu vysshikh rastenii. Erevan, 138–152.

Netis, I. T. (2011). Pshenytsia ozyma na pivdni Ukrainy. Kherson: Oldiplius, 460.

Tyshchenko, V., Palii, Yu. (2011). Yak zhe vytrymaiut perezymivliu ta z yakym rivnem zymostiikosti sorty pshenytsi, proponovani dlia poshyrennia v Poltavskii oblasti. Zerno i khlib, 46–47.

Lytvynenko, M. A. (2010). Realizatsiia henetychnoho potentsialu. Nasinnytstvo, 6 (90), 1–6.

Korotych, P. (2007). Sivba ozymyny: yachmin i zhyto. Farmer, 28–30.

Adamenko, І. A. (2007). Izmenenie urozhainosti i kachestva zerna v period izmeneniia klimata. Khranenie i pererabotka zerna, 9, 26–29.

Coles, G. D. (1984). Winter barley – yes or no. DSIR Cereal News, 10, 17–19.

Vlasak, M., Bares, I., Apltauerova, M. (1983). Srovnani prodaktivity ozimeho jecmene a ozime psenice, Sb. UVTIZ. Genet. a slecht., 19 (4), 259–267.


GOST Style Citations








Copyright (c) 2019

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2313-8416 (Online), ISSN 2313-6286 (Print)