Possible assessments of somatic health in determining individual variants of systemic reorganizations under the influence of training loads
Keywords:somatic health, exercise tolerance, tolerance training loads
Aim of research: To study individual changes of somatic health at an influence of training loads on the development of general and mainly power tolerance at preparatory period of an annual training cycle.
Methods of research: To study individual changes of somatic health of sportsmen at an influence of training loads on the development of general and mainly power tolerance in preparatory period of an annual training cycle there were examined 54 masculine sportsmen who practice different kinds of sport, their mean age at the beginning of research was 20,5±0,9 years.
Results: The study of influence of training loads directed on the development of tolerance allowed establish that according to the mean data of physical development parameters there are no reliable changes. There was detected certain tendency to an increase of relative LVC and palm power. Analogous tendencies concern an improvement of hypoxic strength of organism. The reliable differences are detected in parameters of heart rate (HR) and systolic arterial pressure SAP) that decrease at rest that influences on the probable dynamics of Skibinska, Robinson indices and Pirogova physical state level (PSL). There was demonstrated an essential improvement of somatic health level (SHL) but in 46,4 % of sportsmen it remain lower than “safe”. At the same time the dynamics of SHL changes indicates its moderate and intensive decrease at tolerance trainings in 18,8 % of sportsmen that needs further specification.
At the same time an analysis of individual variants of influence training loads directed on tolerance development demonstrated that the changes of SHL components are ambiguous even among parameters of cardio-vascular system. From our point of view it is necessary to consider the next changes:
On the background of increase of relative LVC in24,1 % of sportsmen, there was detected its decrease in 11 % of them;
On the background of increase of relative palm power in 25,7 % of sportsmen there was detected its decrease in 30 % of them;
On the background of essential improvement of cardio-vascular system state at rest in 46,4 % there was detected its moderate worsening in 9,5 % of them;
On the background of improvement of standard training load tolerance in 37,1 % of sportsmen, there was detected its decrease in 30 % of them.
Conclusion: So the received results indicate that at the level of changes of individual assessments of several SHL parameters it is possible to characterize individual variants of systemic reorganizations in organism of sportsmen under an influence of training loads. The further direction of these studies must explain the negative changes and this is possible using the modern methods of research that take into account individual features
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