DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2313-8416.2015.51838

Possible assessments of somatic health in determining individual variants of systemic reorganizations under the influence of training loads

Оксана Володимирівна Гузій

Abstract


Aim of research: To study individual changes of somatic health at an influence of training loads on the development of general and mainly power tolerance at preparatory period of an annual training cycle.

Methods of research: To study individual changes of somatic health of sportsmen at an influence of training loads on the development of general and mainly power tolerance in preparatory period of an annual training cycle there were examined 54 masculine sportsmen who practice different kinds of sport, their mean age at the beginning of research was 20,5±0,9 years.

Results: The study of influence of training loads directed on the development of tolerance allowed establish that according to the mean data of physical development parameters there are no reliable changes. There was detected certain tendency to an increase of relative LVC and palm power. Analogous tendencies concern an improvement of hypoxic strength of organism. The reliable differences are detected in parameters of heart rate (HR) and systolic arterial pressure SAP) that decrease at rest that influences on the probable dynamics of Skibinska, Robinson indices and Pirogova physical state level (PSL). There was demonstrated an essential improvement of somatic health level (SHL) but in 46,4 % of sportsmen it remain lower than “safe”. At the same time the dynamics of SHL changes indicates its moderate and intensive decrease at tolerance trainings in 18,8 % of sportsmen that needs further specification.

At the same time an analysis of individual variants of influence training loads directed on tolerance development demonstrated that the changes of SHL components are ambiguous even among parameters of cardio-vascular system. From our point of view it is necessary to consider the next changes:

On the background of increase of relative LVC in24,1 % of sportsmen, there was detected its decrease in 11 % of them;

On the background of increase of relative palm power in 25,7 % of sportsmen there was detected its decrease in 30 % of them;

On the background of essential improvement of cardio-vascular system state at rest in 46,4 % there was detected its moderate worsening in 9,5 % of them;

On the background of improvement of standard training load tolerance in 37,1 % of sportsmen, there was detected its decrease in 30 % of them.

Conclusion: So the received results indicate that at the level of changes of individual assessments of several SHL parameters it is possible to characterize individual variants of systemic reorganizations in organism of sportsmen under an influence of training loads. The further direction of these studies must explain the negative changes and this is possible using the modern methods of research that take into account individual features


Keywords


somatic health; exercise tolerance; tolerance training loads

References


Apanasenko, G. L., Popova, L. A., Maglyovanyiy, A. V. (2012). Sanologiya. Osnovyi upravleniya zdorovem [Sanology. Fundamentals of health management]. Saarbrukken: Lambert Academic Publishing, 404.

Zaporozhan, V. N., Noskin, L. A., Kresyun, V. I., Bazhora, Yu. I., Romanchuk, A. P. (2014). Faktory i mehanizmy sanogeneza [Factors and mechanisms sanogenesis]. Odessa: ONMedU, 448.

Cole, C. R., Blackstone, E. H., Pashkow, F. J., Snader, C. E., Lauer, M. S. (1999). Heart-Rate Recovery Immediately after Exercise as a Predictor of Mortality. New England Journal of Medicine, 341 (18), 1351–1357. doi: 10.1056/nejm199910283411804

Dias, R. G., Pereira, A. da C., Negrão, C. E., Krieger, J. E. (2007). Polimorfismos genéticos determinantes da performance física em atletas de elite. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 13 (3), 209–216. doi: 10.1590/s1517-86922007000300016

Safdar, A., Little, J. P., Stokl, A. J., Hettinga, B. P., Akhtar, M., Tarnopolsky, M. A. (2011). Exercise Increases Mitochondrial PGC-1 Content and Promotes Nuclear-Mitochondrial Cross-talk to Coordinate Mitochondrial Biogenesis. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286 (12), 10605–10617. doi: 10.1074/jbc.m110.211466

Akimoto, T., Pohnert, S. C., Li, P. et al. (2005). Exercise stimulates Pgc-1α transcription in skeletal muscle through activation of the p38 MAPK pathway. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 280 (20), 19587–19593. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M408862200

Bray, M. S., Hagberg, J. M., Perusse, L. et. al (2009). The human gene map for performance and health-related fitness phenotypes: the 2006–2007 update. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 41 (1), 35–73. doi: 10.1249/mss.0b013e3181844179

Silva, B. M., Neves, F. J., Negrão, M. V., Alves, C. R., Dias, R. G., Alves, G. B. et. al (2011). Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Polymorphisms and Adaptation of Parasympathetic Modulation to Exercise Training. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 43 (9), 1611–1618. doi: 10.1249/mss.0b013e3182152197

Bouchard, C., An, P., Rice, T., Skinner, J. et. al (1999). Familial aggregation of VO (2max) response to exercise training: results from the HERITAGE Family Study. Journal of Applied Physiology, 87 (3), 1003–1008.

Guziy, O. V., Romanchuk, A. P. (2014). Anthropometric correlates reaction of cardiovascular system for standard exercise stress athletes playing sports. Journal of Health Sciences, 04 (07), 037–046.

Romanchuk, A. P. (2010). Likars'ko-pedahohichnyy kontrol' v ozdorovchiy fizychniy kul'turi [Medical-pedagogical control in improving physical training]. Odessa: Bukaev V. V., 206.

Aronov, D. М., Lupanov, D. М. (2007). Funktsyonalnye proby v kardiolohii [Functional tests in cardiology]. Moscow: MEDpress, 328.


GOST Style Citations


1. Апанасенко, Г. Л. Санология. Основы управления здоровьем [Текст] / Г. Л. Апанасенко, Л. А. Попова, А. В. Маглёваный. – Saarbrukken: Lambert Academic Publishing, 2012. – 404 с.

2. Запорожан, В. Н. Факторы и механизмы саногенеза [Текст] / В. Н. Запорожан, Л. А. Носкин, В. И. Кресюн, Ю. И. Бажора, А. П. Романчук. – Одесса: ОНМедУ, 2014. – 448 с.

3. Cole, C. R. Heart-rate recovery immediately after exercise as a predictor of mortality [Text] / C. R. Cole, E. H. Blackstone, F. J. Pashkow, C. E. Snader, M. S. Lauer // New England Journal of Medicine. – 1999. – Vol. 341, Issue 18. – P. 1351–1357. doi: 10.1056/nejm199910283411804

4. Dias, R. G. Polimorfismos genéticos determinantes da performance física em atletas de elite [Text] / R. G. Dias, A. C. Pereira, C. E. Negrão, J. E. Krieger // Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte. – 2007. – Vol. 13, Issue 3. – P. 209–216. doi: 10.1590/s1517-86922007000300016

5. Safdar, A. Exercise Increases Mitochondrial PGC-1a Content and Promotes Nuclear-Mitochondrial Cross-talk to Coordinate Mitochondrial Biogenesis [Text] / A. Safdar, J. P. Little, A. J. Stokl, B. P. Hettinga, M. Akhtar, M. A. Tarnopolsky // Journal of Biological Chemistry. – 2011. – Vol. 286, Issue 12 – P. 10605–10617. doi: 10.1074/jbc.m110.211466

6. Akimoto, T. Exercise stimulates Pgc-1α transcription in skeletal muscle through activation of the p38 MAPK pathway [Text] / T. Akimoto, S. C Pohnert, Li P. et. al // The Journal of Biological Chemistry. – 2005. – Vol. 280, Issue 20. – P. 19587–19593. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M408862200

7. Bray, M. S. The human gene map for performance and health-related fitness phenotypes: the 2006–2007 update [Text] / M. S. Bray, J. M. Hagberg, L. Perusse et. al // Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. – 2009. – Vol. 41, Issue 1. – P. 35–73. doi: 10.1249/mss.0b013e3181844179

8. Silva, B. M. Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Polymorphisms and Adaptation of Parasympathetic Modulation to Exercise Training [Text] / B. M. Silva, F. J. Neves, M. V. Negrão, C. R. Alves, R. G. Dias, G. B. Alves et. al // Medicine & Science In Sports & Exercise. – 2011. – Vol. 43, Issue 9. – P. 1611–1618. doi: 10.1249/mss.0b013e3182152197

9. Bouchard, C. Familial aggregation of VO (2max) response to exercise training: results from the HERITAGE Family Study [Text] / C. Bouchard, P. An, T. Rice, J. Skinner et. al // Journal of Applied Physiology. – 1999. – Vol. 87, Issue 3. – P. 1003–1008.

10. Guziy, O. V. Anthropometric correlates reaction of cardiovascular system for standard exercise stress athletes playing sports [Text] / O. V. Guziy, A. P. Romanchuk // Journal of Health Sciences. – 2014. – Vol. 04, Issue 07. – P. 037–046.

11. Романчук, О. П. Лікарсько-педагогічний контроль в оздоровчій фізичній культурі [Текст] / О. П. Романчук. – Одеса: Букаєв В. В., 2010. – 206 с.

12. Аронов, Д. М. Функциональные пробы в кардиологии [Текст] / Д. М. Аронов, В. П. Лупанов. – М.: МЕДпресс, 2007. – 328 с.







Copyright (c) 2015

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2313-8416 (Online), ISSN 2313-6286 (Print)