DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2313-8416.2016.75516

Visa to heaven: Orpheus, Pythagoras, and immortality

Алексей Владиславович Халапсис

Abstract


The article deals with the doctrines of Orpheus and Pythagoras about the immortality of the soul in the context of the birth of philosophy in ancient Greece. Orpheus demonstrated the closeness of heavenly (divine) and earthly (human) worlds, and Pythagoras mathematically proved their fundamental identity. Greek philosophy was “an investment in the afterlife future”, being the product of the mystical (Orpheus) and rationalist (Pythagoras) theology


Keywords


soul; immortality; metempsychosis; divinity; Orpheus; Pythagoras; recollection; eternity; number; philosophy

References


Halapsis, A. (2016). Miracles and the perfection of being: The theological roots of scientific concepts. Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research, 9, 70–77. doi: 10.15802/ampr2016/72235

Plato. (1997). Complete works. Indianapolis, IN; Cambridge, MA: Hackett Publishing Company, 1838.

Bernabé, A., Jiménez San Cristóbal, A. I. (2008). Instructions for the netherworld: The Orphic gold tablets. Leiden; Boston, MA: Brill, 379.

Graf, F., Johnston, S. I. (2007). Ritual texts for the afterlife: Orpheus and the Bacchic gold tablets. London: Routledge, 256.

Betegh, G. (2006). The Derveni papyrus: Cosmology, theology and interpretation. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 441.

Kouremenos, T., Parássoglou, G. M., Tsantsanoglou, K. (2006). The Derveni papyrus. Firenze: Leo S. Olschki, 307.

Laks, A., Most, G. W. (1997). Studies on the Derveni papyrus. Oxford: C1arendon Press, 204.

Iamblichus. (1818). The life of Pythagoras, or Pyphagoric life. London: J. M. Watkins, 252.

Diogenes Laertius. (1925). Lives of eminent philosophers. Vol. II. London; New York, NY: William Heinemann; G. P. Putnam’s sons, 704.

McKirahan, R. D. (2010). Philosophy before Socrates: An introduction with texts and commentary. Indianapolis, IN; Cambridge, MA: Hackett Publishing Company, 494.

Halapsis, A. (2016). Number and reality: Sources of scientific knowledge. ScienceRise, 6/1 (23), 59–64. doi: 10.15587/2313-8416.2016.71546

Homer. (1945). Odyssey. Vol. I: Books 1-12. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 465.

Herodotus. (1928). The Persian wars. Vol. II: Books 3-4. London; New York, NY: William Heinemann; G. P. Putnam’s sons, 416.

Strabo. (1994). Geografiya [Geography]. Moscow: Ladomir, 943.

Eliade, M. (1986). Zalmoxis, the vanishing God: Comparative studies in the religions and folklore of Dacia and Eastern Europe. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 260.

Diogenes Laertius. (1959). Lives of eminent philosophers. Vol. I. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 549.

Russell, B. (1947). History of Western philosophy. London: George Allen and Unwin, 916.

Descartes, R. (2005). The philosophical writings of Descartes. Vol. II. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 428.


GOST Style Citations


1. Халапсис, А. В. Чудеса и совершенство бытия: Теологические корни научных концепций [Текст] / А. В. Халапсис // Антропологічні виміри філософських досліджень. – 2016. – Вип. 9. – С. 70–77. doi: 10.15802/ampr2016/72235

2. Plato. Complete works [Text] / Plato. – Indianapolis, IN; Cambridge, MA: Hackett Publishing Company, 1997. – 1838 p.

3. Bernabé, A. Instructions for the netherworld: The Orphic gold tablets [Text] / A. Bernabé, A. I. Jiménez San Cristóbal. – Leiden; Boston, MA: Brill, 2008. – 379 p.

4. Graf, F. Ritual texts for the afterlife: Orpheus and the Bacchic gold tablets [Text] / F. Graf, S. I. Johnston. – London: Routledge, 2007. – 256 p.

5. Betegh, G. The Derveni papyrus: Cosmology, theology and interpretation [Text] / G. Betegh. – New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2006. – 441 p.

6. Kouremenos, T. The Derveni papyrus [Text] / T. Kouremenos, G. M. Parássoglou, K. Tsantsanoglou. – Firenze: Leo S. Olschki, 2006. – 307 p.

7. Laks, A. Studies on the Derveni papyrus [Text] / A. Laks, G. W. Most. – Oxford: C1arendon Press, 1997. – 204 p.

8. Iamblichus. The life of Pythagoras, or Pyphagoric life [Text] / Iamblichus. – London: J. M. Watkins, 1818. – 252 p.

9. Diogenes Laertius. Lives of eminent philosophers. Vol. II [Text] / Diogenes Laertius. – London; New York, NY: William Heinemann; G. P. Putnam’s sons, 1925. – 704 p.

10. McKirahan, R. D. Philosophy before Socrates: An introduction with texts and commentary [Text] / R. D. McKirahan. – Indianapolis, IN; Cambridge, MA: Hackett Publishing Company, 2010. – 494 p.

11. Халапсис, А. В. Число и реальность: Истоки научного знания [Текст] / А. В. Халапсис // ScienceRise. – 2016. – Т. 6, № 1 (23). – С. 59–64. doi: 10.15587/2313-8416.2016.71546

12. Homer. Odyssey. Vol. I: Books 1-12 [Text] / Homer. – Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1945. – 465 р.

13. Herodotus. The Persian wars. Vol. II: Books 3-4 [Text] / Herodotus. – London; New York, NY: William Heinemann; G. P. Putnam’s sons, 1928. – 416 p.

14. Страбон. География [Текст] / Страбон. – M.: Ладомир, 1994. – 943 с.

15. Eliade, M. Zalmoxis, the vanishing God: Comparative studies in the religions and folklore of Dacia and Eastern Europe [Text] / M. Eliade. – Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1986. – 260 p.

16. Diogenes Laertius. Lives of eminent philosophers. Vol. I [Text] / Diogenes Laertius. – Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1959. – 549 p.

17. Russell, B. History of Western philosophy [Text] / B. Russell. – London: George Allen and Unwin, 1947. – 916 p.

18. Descartes, R. The philosophical writings of Descartes. Vol. II [Text] / R. Descartes. – New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2005. – 428 p. 







Copyright (c) 2016 Алексей Владиславович Халапсис

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2313-8416 (Online), ISSN 2313-6286 (Print)