Features of the respiratory and cardiovascular system responses of girls 10–12 years of age on the swimming load

Natalia Balamutova, Grigory Kucherenko, Svetlana Shiryaeva, Liliya Sheyko


Purpose: study of the respiratory and cardiovascular system responses of girls aged 10–12 years on a dosed swimming load.

Material & Methods: the study involved 45 girls of 10–12 years old, engaged in the section of sports swimming. The method of spirography was measured: BH, RV, Рv of inhalation and exhalation, VC, МBV, МVL, RB, OC2. Cardiovascular parameters were recorded: HR, BP, SV, МBV.

Results: the study showed that swimming the control 50 and 100-meter distances in the same age group is different due to the effect on the respiratory and circulatory systems, depending on the sport of swimming.

Conclusion: the results of the study showed that the greatest impact on the indices of the cardiorespiratory system of adolescents aged 10–11 years was observed while swimming the back crawl; and 12-year-old subjects performed larger loads “more economically”. The dynamics of the studied functional systems of 12-year-olds showed that the greatest changes are observed when swimming 100 m breaststroke. In general, the load of 50 and 100 m distances is feasible for teenagers with all the sports swimming methods being studied.


swimming; load; cardiovascular system; adolescents

Full Text:



Avdeeva, T.G. & Bakhrara, I.I. (2003), Detskaya sportivnaya meditsina [Children's sports medicine], Feniks, Rostov n/D. (in Russ.)

Krutsevich, T.Yu. (1999), Metody issledovaniya individualnogo zdorovya detey i podrostkov v protsesse fizicheskogo vospitaniya [Methods of research on the individual health of children and adolescents in the process of physical education], Olimpiyskaya literatura, Kiev. (in Russ.)

Markosyan, A.A. (2007), Osnovy morfologii i fiziologii organizma detey i podrostkov [Fundamentals of morphology and physiology of the body of children and adolescents], Prosveshchenie, Moscow. (in Russ.)

Mishchenko, V.S. (1990), Funktsionalnye vozmozhnosti sportsmenov [Athletes Functionality], Zdorove, Kiev. (in Russ.)

Platonov, V.N. (1995), "Load in a sports training session", Sovremennaya sistema sportivnoy podgotovki, SAAM, Moscow, pp. 92-108. (in Russ.)

Seluyanov, V.N. (2003), "Biological patterns in the planning of physical training for athletes", Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kultury, No. 7, pp. 29-33. (in Russ.)

Solodkov, A.S. & Sologub, Ye.B. (2017), Fiziologiya cheloveka. Obshchaya. Sportivnaya. Vozrastnaya [Human physiology. Overall. Sports. Age], Sport, Moscow. (in Russ.)

Berger, J. (1994), "Belastung und Beanspruchung fls Grundkonzept der Herausbildung der körperlichen und sportlicben Leistungsfähigkeit", Trainingwissenschaft, Sportverlad, Berlin, pp. 268-281.

Costill, D.L. (1994), "Adaptations in skelatal muscle during training for sprint and endurance swimming", Swimming Medicine, B.O. Eriksson, B. Furberg (eds.), University Park Press, Baltimore.

Hartley, L.H. (1992), "Cardiac funcion and endurance", Endurance in Sport, Blackwell Sceintific Publication, Oxford, pp. 72-79.

Holmer, I. (1972), "Oxygen uptake during swimming in man", J/Appl. Physiol.,Vol. 33, pp. 502-509.

Perini, R., Tironi, A., Cautero, M., Di Nino, A., Tam, E. & Capelli, C. (2006), "Seasonal training and heart robe and blood p pressure vaviabilitres in young swimmers", European Journal of appliced physiology, No. 97, pp. 395-403, doi:10.1007/500421-006-0174-0.

Copyright (c) 2019 Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.