DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2995015

Functional status of rowers on kayaks in the process of preliminary selection

Volodymyr Bogush, Konstantin Bogatyirev, Oksana Reznichenko, Olga Sokol, Irina Veselova, Vladimir Farionov

Abstract


Purpose: conduct a comprehensive study of the functional status of athletes specializing in rowing, for the subsequent determination of the prospects in this sport.

Material & Methods: students of various sports schools in the age group of 13–14 years were examined, young men – 23 people, girls – 28 people, a total of 51 athletes’. Individual indicators were determined by the method of measuring the effect of the training action developed by us, and visual-motor and auditory-motor reactions, the level of musculo-articular sensitivity and coordination of movements, the power of forced inspiration and exhalation were measured.

Results: the conducted studies characterize the functional state and functional capabilities of the body of athletes. The optimal structure of sports activities contributes to their improvement, which, based on the laws of development of physical qualities, in this age period, can not significantly affect the level of sports results, but it has a great impact on the emergence of a corresponding functional basis and maximum realization of individual abilities. Features of the reaction of the body of athletes are a manifestation of effective individual adaptation to intense and complex stimuli of training and competitive activity.

Conclusion: proposed tests for measuring the effect of the training action, electromyoreflexometry, pneumotachometry and reverse dynamometry are quite informative in sports practice and allow you to determine and evaluate the individual prerequisites for sports achievements, to identify the individual characteristics of the athlete's body, the possibility of correcting them and managing the training process.


Keywords


rowing on kayaks; functional state; measurement of the effect of the training action; electromyoreflexometry; pneumotachometry; reversible dynamometry

Full Text:

PDF

References


Platonov, V.N. (2013), Periodizatsiya sportivnoy trenirovki. Obshaya teoriya i ee prakticheskoe primenenie [Periodization of sports training. General theory and its practical application], Olymp. lit., Kiev. (in Russ.)

Shinkoruk, O.A. (2013), Teoriya i metodika pidgotovky sportsmeniv: upravlinnya, kontrol`, vidbir, modeluvannya ta prognoz v olimpijs`komu sporti [The theory and methods of training athletes: management, control, selection, modeling and forecasting in the Olympic sport], Poligraf ekspres, Kiev. (in Ukr.)

Platonov, V.N. (2005), Sistema podgotovki sportsmenov v olimpiyskom sporte [System Preparation athletes in the Olympic dispute], Sovetskiy sport, Moscow. (in Russ.)

Malikov, N.V., Bogdanovskaya, N.V. & Kuznetsov, A. A. (2005), ″The use of new computer technologies in assessing the functional readiness and functional state of the body″, Slobozans`kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik, No. 8, pp. 237-240. (in Russ.)

Shinkoruk, O.A. (2002), ″Features of the organization of selection of athletes in cyclic forms″, Teoriia i metodyka fizychnoho vykhovannia i sportu, No. 1, pp. 34-42. (in Ukr.)

Gunina, L. & Cheredny`chenko, O (2012), ″Assessment of the combined effect of nontraining facilities on the indicators of special working capacity and homeostasis parameters of qualified rowers″, Teoriia i metodyka fizychnoho vykhovannia i sportu, No. 2, pp. 103-107. (in Ukr.)

Vinohradov, V. (2006), ″Effectiveness of extra-curricular means, aimed at increasing the implementation of anaerobic potential in a series of unidirectional training sessions of qualified rowers″, Teoriia i metodyka fizychnoho vykhovannia i sportu, No. 4, pp. 57-62. (in Ukr)

Rovnyi, A.S. (2015), ″Features of the functional activity of kinesthetic and visual sensory systems in athletes of various specializations″, Slobozans`kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik, No. 1 (45), pp. 104-108, doi: 10.15391/snsv. 2015-1.020.

Krutsevych, T.Yu. & Tachuk, S.V. (2017), ″Motor activity and health of children and adolescents″, Teoriia i metodyka fizychnoho vykhovannia, Olymp. lit., Kiev, Vol. 2, pp. 9-29. (in Ukr.)

Platonov, V.N., & Bulatova, M.M. (2005), Fizychna pidgotovka sportsmena [Physical training of an athlete System], Olimpiiska literatura, Kiev (in Ukr.)

Bogush, V.L., Getmantsev, S.V., Sokol, O.V., Reznichenko, O.I., Kuvaldina, O.V. & Yatsunskiy Ye.A. (2015), ″Rowing sportswomen motor actions formation″, Slobozans`kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik, No. 4(48), pp. 19-25, doi: 10.15391/snsv.2015-4.003 (in Russ.)




Copyright (c) 2019 Kharkiv State Academy of Pfisical Culture

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.