DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3044999

Analysis of indicators of physical development of children of senior preschool age

Lilia Honchar, Yuliia Borysova

Abstract


Children's health is the most valuable asset of every civilized society; it creates the physical, intellectual, spiritual and social foundation of the state. It was established that the deviation of physical development indicators from the age norms of development and the disharmony of development is accompanied by changes in the health status of children.

Purpose: make an analysis of indicators of the physical development of children 5–6 years.

Material & Methods: analysis and synthesis of scientific and methodological literature, Internet resources and educational programs, pedagogical observation, determination of the level of physical development (anthropometry method), index method (Pigne index), methods of mathematical statistics.

Results: analysis of anthropometric indicators of length and body weight, chest circumference in boys and girls 56 years old allowed us to determine that these indicators in all three gender and age groups correspond to the average level.

Conclusions: children 5–6 years old, head circumference are low (<54 cm). Biological age in 50,0% of boys and in 62,1% of girls in I, II and III age groups corresponds to the passport age. The majority of boys 56 years old (64,3%) and girls (59,2%) have a harmonious constitution (p>0,05), 35,7% and 40,8% of children have a disharmony in development, respectively. According to the Pigne index, in children of 5–6 years old, in all three age groups, normostenic (5,2%) and asthenic (94,8%) body types are observed.


Keywords


children 5–6 years of age; physical development; biological age; body harmony; preschoolers

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