GENDER CHARACTERISTICS OF THE REACTION TO THE TRAINING LOAD OF ATHLETES SPECIALIZING IN HAND-TO-HAND COMBAT WITH PARTIAL CONTACT WITH THE OPPONENT

Ivan Stefyuk, Maryna Kochyna, Oleh Kochin

Abstract


Purpose: is to compare changes in the psychophysiological characteristics of male and female athletes with different levels of training under the influence of training load.
Material and methods: the study involved 66 athletes, 42 of them were male and 24 were female, with different levels of training. We determined psychodynamic characteristics in athletes before and after training load with the help of standard methods.
Results: we defined the dynamics of psychophysiological characteristics in athletes caused by training load. The trained athletes showed a state of mobilization evidenced by a significant decrease in strength and mobility of nervous processes.There were no reliable changes in male beginners engaged in hand-to-hand combat. The trained female athletes showed no significant differences in the indicators before and after training load, but the female beginners significantly decreased all psychodynamic characteristics.
Conclusions: the obtained data showed some gender differences in the reaction to the training load in athletes specializing in hand-to-hand combat with a semi-contact. The training load led to the development of mobilization in trained athletes, while beginners of both sexes developed fatigue. There were no significant changes in the performance of the trained athletes.

Keywords


hand-to-hand combat, psychodynamic characteristics, genders peculiarities, risk predisposition.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adamovich, R. G., Kochin, O. V. (2019), “Features of changes in psychophysiological characteristics of athletes engaged in hand-to-hand combat with full contact with the opponent under the influence of training load”, Ukrainskyi zhurnal medytsyny, biolohii ta sportu, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 269-275. (in Ukr.)

Adamovich, R. G., Mayer, V. Ya., Minenko, O. V., Kurasa, G. O., Tvelina, A. A., Bila, A. A. (2018), “The results of the assessment of the functional state of athletes engaged in hand-to-hand combat with full contact by indicators of heart rate variability”, Ukrainskyi zhurnal medytsyny, biolohii ta sportu, 3 (7), pp. 247-253. (in Ukr.)

Ananchenko, K. V., Pakulin, S. L. (2016), “Improving the sportsmanship of martial arts cadets of the National Academy of the National Guard of Ukraine”, Traiektoriia nauky, Vol. 2, No. 9, pp. 21-28. (in Ukr.) 4. Anastazi, A., Urbina, S. (2001), Psikhologicheskoe testirovanie [Psychological testing], SPb: Piter. 688 p. (in Russ.)

Ashkinazi, S. M., Klimov, K. V. (2006), Bazovaya tekhnika rukopashnogo boya kak sintez tekhniki sportivny`kh edinoborstv, ucheb.-metod. posobie [Basic technique of hand-to-hand combat as a synthesis of martial arts techniques]: ucheb.-metod. posobie, SPb: SPbGUFK im. P.F. Lesgafta, 80 p. (in Russ.)

Botyaev, V. L., Zagrevsky, O. I. (2009), “Psychomotor abilities of athletes to visual-spatial orientation and their relationship with visual-spatial perception”, Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, No. 5 (332), pp. 182-185. (in Russ.)

Volodchenko, O. A. (2018), Obhruntuvannia kompleksnoi metodyky prohnozuvannia zmahalni uspishnosti u kikboksinhu [Substantiation of complex methods of predicting competitive success in kickboxing]: avtoref.dys.kand nauk zi spetsialnosti 24.00.01 – olimpiiskyi i profesiinyi sport, Kharkiv. 22 p. (in Ukr.)

Gunina, L. M., Vinnichuk, Yu. D., Nosach, E. V. (2013), Biokhimicheskie kriterii utomleniya: metodicheskie rekomendaczii [Biochemical criteria of fatigue]: methodical recommendations, K .: Olympic Literature, 36p. (in Russ.)

Damadayeva, A. S. (2011), “Gender stereotypes about masculinity-femininity of athletes of different sexes”, Uchenyie zapiski universiteta im. P. F. Lesgafta, No. 8, pp. 67-71. (in Russ.)

Dykiy, O. (2016), “Military-sports all-around as an integral part of special physical training of conscripts”, Fizychne vykhovannia, sport i kultura zdorovia u suchasnomu suspilstvi, No 2, pp. 32-37. (in Ukr.)

Ilyin, E. P. (2005), Psikhofiziologiya sostoyanij cheloveka [Psychophysiology of human states], S-Pb .: Piter. 412 p. (in Russ.)

Korobeynikova, L. G. (2011), “Determinant of psychophysiological state in highly qualified athletes with different emotional characteristics”, Pedagogy, Pedahohika, psykholohiia ta medyko-biolohichni problemy fizychnoho vykhovannia i sportu, No. 4, pp. 94-97. (in Ukr.)

Korobeynikova, L. G., Makarchuk, M. Yu., Korobeynikov, G. V., Mishchenko, V. S., Zapovitryana, O. B. (2016), “The state of psychophysiological functions of highly qualified athletes of different age groups”, Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal, Vol. 62, No. 6, pp.81-87. (in Ukr.)

Makarenko, M. V., Lyzogub, V. S., Bezkopilny, O. P. (2004), “Neurodynamic properties of athletes of different qualifications and specializations”, Aktualni problemy fizychnoi kultury i sportu : zbirka naukovykh prats, No. 4, pp. 105-109. (in Russ.)

Makarenko, M. V. (1999) “Methods of examinations and evaluation of individual neurodynamic properties of higher human nervous activity”, Fiziolohichnyi zhurnal, Vol. 45, No. 4, pp. 125-131. (in Ukr.)

Pavlichenko, P.P., Popov, V.D. (2015) “Diagnostic methods of modern functional state of professional sportsmen in different conditions”, Aktualni problemy suchasnoi medytsyny. Visnyk VDNZU «Ukrainska medychna stomatolohichna akademiia», Vol. 2(50), pp. 99-104. (in Ukr.)

Panov, P. P., Tropin, Y. M. (2019) “Model characteristics of physical fitness of qualified hand-to-hand athletes”, Yedynoborstva, No. 3 (3), pp. 35-45. (in Ukr.)

Polevshchikov ,M. M., Dorogova, Yu. A., Rozhentsov, V. V. (2017), “Estimation of reaction to a moving object”, Scientific & Educational Bulletin “Health and Education Millennium”, [online] vol. 19, No 7. (in Ukr.)

Rovny, A. S. (2004) “Characteristics of sensory functions in athletes of different specializations”, Slobozhanskyi naukovo-sportyvnyi visnyk : zb. nauk. pr., Kh., Vol. 7, pp. 224-229. (in Ukr.)

Sudakova, Yu. E. (2009) “Gender stereotypes in sports”, Electronic scientific and educational journal of VSPU "Faces of Knowledge", No. 3 (4). Access mode: www.grani.vspu.ru (in Russ.)

Chernozub, A. A., Adamovich, R. G., Shtefiuk, I. K. (2019) “Scientific substantiation of the structure and content of the training load of athletes who specialize in hand-to-hand combat”, Ukrainskyi zhurnal medytsyny, biolohii ta sportu, Vol. 4, No. 5 (21), pp. 395-402. (in Ukr.)

Chernozub, A. A., Kochina, M. L., Chaban, I. O., Adamovich, R. G., Shtefyuk, I. K. (2017) ”Improving the effectiveness of training and competitive activities of athletes who specialize in hand-to-hand combat, based on the use of individual psychophysiological characteristics”, Ukrainskyi zhurnal medytsyny, biolohii ta sportu, No.6 (9), pp.69-74. (in Ukr.)

Chernozub, A. A., Titova, G. V., Dubachinsky, O. V., Slavityak, O. S. (2017) “Adaptive changes in the body of middle-aged women in terms of strength fitness”, Visnyk Chernihivskoho natsionalnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu, Seriia: Pedahohichni nauky, Fizychne vykhovannia ta sport, 147 (1), P. 233-238. (in Ukr.)

Chernozub, A. A., Kochina, M. L., Chaban, I. O., Adamovich, R. G., Shtefyuk, I.K. (2018) “Results of assessment of psychophysiological characteristics of athletes engaged in hand-to-hand combat”, Yedynoborstva, No.1 (7), pp.81-88. (in Ukr.)

Shillinford, R. (2002), Rukovodstvo po rukopashnomu boyu dlya speczpodrazdelenij [Guide to hand-to-hand combat for special forces], Translated from English by A. Kulikova, M. FAIR-PRESS, 352p. (in Russ.)

Shinkaruk, O. (2017) “Peculiarities of psychophysiological selection of athletes in the process of long-term improvement”, Aktualni problemy fizychnoho vykhovannia ta metodyky sportyvnoho trenuvannia, Vinnytsia, No. 2, pp. 66-74. (in Ukr.)

Shtefiuk, I. K., Radchenko, Yu. A., Ermakova, A .O., Dovgan, O. V., Abramov, K. V., Brilov, A. A., Tkachenko, M .P. (2018) “The results of the assessment of the functional state of athletes who engaged in hand-to-hand combat with partial contact, in terms of heart rate variability and statodynamic stability”, Ukrainskyi zhurnal medytsyny, biolohii ta sportu, Vol. 3, No.7 (16), pp. 283-288. (in Ukr.)

Borresen, J, Lambert, M. (2008), “Autonomic control of heart rate during and after exercise: measurements and implications for monitoring training status”, Sports Med, 38, P. 633−646. (in Eng.)

Chernozub, A. A., Kochina, M. L. Kochin, O. V., Adamovich, R. G., Shtefiuk, I. K., Gorban, A. Ye. (2020), ”The Impact of Training Load on the State of the Vestibular System of Athletes specializing in Hand-to-Hand Combat”, Journal of Physical Education and Sport , Vol.20 (3), Art 222, P. 1628 – 1636. (in Eng.)

Choudhary, R., Triveti, V., Choudary, S. (2016) “Effect of heart rate variability biofeedback training on the performance of track athletes” International Journal of Therapies and Rehabilitation Research, 5(4), P.166–174. (in Eng.)

Eynon, N., Ruiz, J. R., Oliveira, J. et al. (2011). “Genes and elite athletes: A roadmap for future research”, J. Physiol, 589(13), P. 3063– 3070. (in Eng.)

Kuan, Y. M., Zuhairi, N. A., Manan, F. A., Knigh, V. F., Omar, R. (2018), “Visual reaction time and visual anticipation time between athletes and non-athletes”, Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, Special Volume (1), P.135-141. (in Eng.)

Podrigalo, L., Iermakov, S., Potop, V., Romanenko, V., Boychenko, N., Rovnaya, O., et al. (2017) “Special aspects of psychophysiological reactions of different skillfulness athletes, practicing martial arts”, Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17(2), P. 19-26. (in Eng.)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Slobozhanskyi herald of science and sport

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.