ANALYSIS OF THE COMPETITIVE ACTIVITY OF TAEKWONDO ATHLETES 12-14 YEARS OLD
Purpose: to analyze the indicators of competitive activity of taekwondo athletes 12-14 years.
Material and methods: the following research methods were used to solve the tasks: analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological sources and Internet; analysis of protocols and videos of all fights of athletes aged 12-14; methods of mathematical statistics. 117 matches were analyzed, the schedule of which was 2 rounds of 1,5 minutes with a break of 30 seconds in the age group of cadets, during the All-Ukrainian tournament "Children of Ukraine 2020".
Results: from all technical arsenal taekwondo players of 12-14 years most often carry out simple kicks: «bandal chagi» - 61,93%, «dolio chagi» - 13,32 %, «neryo chagi» - 8,18 %, «miro chagi» - 5,80 %, «yop chagi» - 4,58 %, «dzhumok girugi» - 3,91 %. Complex kicks are not performed very often, especially girls. «Twit chagi» boys - 1,26% and girls 0,09 %, «mamdolio chagi» - boys 0,63 % and girls 0,08%, «sambe bandal chagi» - boys 0,19% and girls 0,02% from all kicks. Of the 117 matches analyzed, 92 ( 78,64 %) of all matches ended in victory in the final. Wins in the additional "golden" round 4 times – 3,43 %. The victory on the difference of points ended 18 matches, which is 15,38 %. Victory according to the referee’s preference - 1 time (0,85 %), according to comments - 1 time (0,85 %), due to the termination of the match by the referee (0,85 %).
Conclusions: among the whole arsenal of percussion techniques, simple kicks are most often used, which are performed without revolutions. However, boys use sophisticated technique and punch more often than girls, and girls, in turn, strike more kicks to the head. The more competitive experience an athlete has, the fewer kicks he performs, but their effectiveness is much higher, which is due to the greater number of technical and tactical actions and the expediency of their use at the right time of the fight. Also, athletes try to earn more points and finish the fight early. In order to win a match requires not only technical and tactical training, but also a high level of manifestation of physical qualities, including endurance, which ensures the performance of technical actions without reducing the effectiveness of competitive activities.
Keywords: taekwondo WTF, competitive activity, analysis of competitive activity, cadets 12-14 years old.
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