Purpose: to establish the dependence on the influence of 15-17 year old female athletes involved in body fitness (bodybuilding) on the manifestation of physical qualities during the annual macrocycle at the stage of preliminary basic training.

Material and methods: the research was carried out in fitness clubs: «Tetra», «Record», «Misto», «Ford» of Kharkov, with athletes 15-17 years old, engaged in body fitness (bodybuilding) during an annual macrocycle in the amount of 20 people. All athletes trained according to the classic program designed for body fitness (bodybuilding). The following methods of research were used: analysis of literary sources and testing of the level of motor qualities in certain age categories.

Results: presented pedagogical testing to determine the level of motor abilities of young athletes 15-17 years old, engaged in body fitness (bodybuilding). Exercises were identified that are advisable to use at these stages of preparation: burpe (number of times in 30 s); jumping rope (number of times in 30 s); raising the body from a supine position (number of times in 40 s); jumping lunges (number of times in 30 s); running 30 m (s); flexion and extension of the arms (wringing) in the TRX simulator (number of times in 40 s); bending forward from a sitting position (sm).

Conclusions: as a result of testing motor qualities using nonspecific exercises for body fitness (bodybuilding), it was found that indicators improve every year in all exercises (p> 0,05), especially in the exercise of raising the trunk. lying on his back, the number of times in 40 s, which significantly increased in the age range from 15 to 17 years. The speed-strength abilities of young athletes of 15-17 years old, engaged in body fitness (bodybuilding), were manifested to a greater extent in the age interval from 16 to 17 years.

Key words: testing, physical qualities, bodyfitness (bodybuilding), athletes


Aaberg, E. (2014), Myshechnaya mekhaníka [Muscle mechanics]. Minsk: Popurri, 224 p. (in Russ.)

Arkhireyev, V. (2013), Bodibilding. Kniga-trener [Bodybuilding. Trainer book] M.: Eksmo, 320 p. (in Russ.)

Verkhoshanskiy, Yu. V. (2005), «Theory and methodology of sports training: the block system of training high-class athletes», Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kul'tury, №4, pp. 2-12. (in Russ.)

Dzhym, V. Yu. (2013), «Features of nutrition of bodybuilders in the preparatory period of training», Slobozhansʹkyy naukovo-sportyvnyy visnyk, № 4, pp. 15-19. (in Ukr.)

Dzhym, V. Yu. (2015), «Peculiarities of nutrition of ectomorph athletes who are engaged in bodybuilding in the transition period of training», Slobozhansʹkyy naukovo-sportyvnyy visnyk, № 5 (49), pp. 34–39. (in Ukr.)

Zverev, V. D. (2003), Planirovaniye trenirovochnoy nagruzki v podgotovitel'nom periode v bodibildinge s uchetom silovoy napravlennosti [Planning the training load in the preparatory period in bodybuilding, taking into account the strength orientation]: ucheb. -metod. posobiye. SPb. : SPbGAFK im. P. F. Lesgafta, 55 p. (in Russ.)

Kanunova, L.V., Plotnikov, Ye.K., Piven, O. B. (2020), «Differentiation of loads in the basic mesocycle with SFP in young weightlifters 14-15 years taking into account the phases of a specific biological cycle», Slobozhansʹkyy naukovo-sportyvnyy visnyk, № 5 (79), pp. 58-64. (in Ukr.)

Mulyk, V. V., Taran, L. M. (1999), «Structure of regenerative microcycles in the competitive period in skilled biathletes», Slobozhansʹkyy naukovo-sportyvnyy visnyk, pp. 78–85. (in Ukr.)

Oleshko, V. H. (2011), Pidhotovka sport·smeniv u sylovykh vydakh sportu [Training of athletes in power sports]: navch. posib. dlya vuziv. K. : DIA, 444 p. (in Ukr.)

Platonov, V. M., Bulatova, M. M. (1995), Fizychna pidhotovka sportsmena [Physical training of the athlete]. K. : Olimpiysʹka literatura, 320 p. (in Ukr.)

Platonov V. N. (2015), Sistema podgotovki sportsmenov v olimpiyskom sporte. Obshchaya teoriya i yeye prakticheskiye prilozheniya [The system of training athletes in the Olympic sport. General theory and its practical applications] Kiyev : Olimp. lit., 808 p. (in Russ.)

Tykhorsʹkyy, O. A. (2019), «The use of the method of" Drop-set "by qualified bodybuilders of Kharkiv region in the basic mesocycle», Problemy i perspektyvy rozvytku sportyvnykh ihor i yedynoborstv u vyshchykh navchalʹnykh zakladakh. T. 1. pp. 1001-104. (in Ukr.)

Usychenko, V. (2006), «Periodization of the annual cycle of training athletes specializing in bodybuilding», Pedahohika, psykholohiya ta medyko-biolohichni problemy fiz. vykhovannya i sportu, № 7, pp. 123–125. (in Russ.)

Tykhorskyi O. et al. (2021), «Anthropometrical changes of highly-skilled female bodybuilders during basic mesocycle of annual preparation», Gazzetta Medica Italiana-Archivio per le Scienze Mediche. Т. 180. №. 9. С. 429-434. (in Eng.)

Tykhorsky O., Dzhym E., Ponomarenko R., Petrenko I., Kanunova L. (2021), «Anthropometrical changes of highly-skilled female bodybuilders during basic mesocycle of annual preparation», Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2021 September, №180 (9), pp. 429-434.(in Eng.)

Baechle T.R., Earle R.W., Wathen D. (2008), Resistance training. In: Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning. Beachle TR and Earle RW, eds. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, pp. 381-412. (in Eng.)

Chernozub A., Korobeynikov G., Nakonechyi I. (2013), «Determination of optimal load in young with different physical capability Saglamliq», Health Baku, №3, pp. 26-34. (in Eng.)

Fletcher G.F., Balady G.J., Amsterdam E.A. et al. (2001), «Exercise standards for testing and training: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association», Circulation, №104 (14), pp. 1674-1694. (in Eng.)