Optimizing the methods of biathlete shooting training by means of «aiming-off» with usage of «SCATT» marksmanship trainer
Purpose: the improvement of algorithm of biathlete shooting training by means of «aiming-off» during changing wind conditions that had been earlier developed by the authors.
Material & Methods: theoretical methods of scientific cognition and practical experimental training with utilization of marksmanship trainers were used.
Results: correction tables of hold-off during shooting under the conditions of different strength and direction of wind were developed. Elaborated algorithm of biathlete shooting training during changing wind conditions by means of «aiming-off» was optimized and divided into four stages: the objective of the first stage was to make the athlete determine the direction of hit deviation (target impact point) from the target centre at the given mutually arranged aiming devices; that of the second stage consisted in shooting training with aiming at the given target points; that of the third stage was to teach shooting at voluntary target points in playing form, and that of the fourth stage was to neutralize the interference of conventional wind. The complex of preliminary exercises providing accelerated training of «aiming-off» was presented.
Conclusions: suggested algorithm of training with usage of marksmanship trainer permits to reduce the cartridge expenditure significantly and accelerates mastering the shooting technique by biathletes under the real conditions.
Gubin, S. G. & Gorovoy, S. A. Fizicheski osnovi na funktsioniraneto na strelkovo, artileriysko i raketno orzhiye: ucheb. posobiye [Physical fundamentals of the functioning of the arms, artillery and rocket weapons]. Available at: www.pishtov.com. (in Bulg.)
Zubrilov, R. A. 2010, Strelkovaya podgotovka biatlonista [Shooting training biathlete]. Kyiv: Olimpiyskaya literatura, 296 p. (in Russ.)
Zubrilov, R. A. 2013, Stanovleniye, razvitiye i sovershenstvovaniye tekhniki strelby v biatlone [The formation, development and improvement of techniques of shooting in biathlon]. Moscow: Sovetskiy sport, 352 p. (in Russ.)
Pilin, A. V., Nikolayev, Yu. V. & Markin, V. P. Strelkovaya podgotovka biatlonistov v usloviyakh vetra: metodicheskiye rekomendatsii [Biathlon Rifle training in wind conditions: guidelines]. Moscow: GTsOLIFK, 1990, 61 p. (in Russ.)
Bezmelnitsyn, N. G. 1972, Eksperimentalnoye issledovaniye osnovnykh faktorov, vliyayushchikh na rezultativnost strelby v biatlone : avtoref. kand. ped. nauk [Experimental study of the main factors influencing the effectiveness of shooting in biathlon : PhD thesis]. Moscow, 25 p. (in Russ.)
Savitskiy, Ya. I. 1981, Biatlon [Biathlon]. Moscow: Fizkultura i sport, 168 p. (in Russ.)
Kinl, V. A. 1987, Biatlon [Biathlon]. Kyiv: Zdorov’ya, 128 p. (in Russ.)
Pullum, W. C. & Hanenkrat, F. T. 1973, Position rifle shooting: a how-to text for shooters and coaches. New York: Winchester Press, 272 p.
Kudelin, A. I. & Zagurskiy, N. S. 2015, [Basic principles of zeroing in biathlon] Sovremennaya sistema sportivnoy podgotovki v biatlone: materialy IV Vseros. nauch. prakt. konf. (Omsk, 23–24 aprelya 2015 g.) [The modern system of sports training in biathlon: Materials IV All-Russia. scientific. Pract. Conf. (Omsk, April 23-24, 2015)]. Omsk: Izd-vo SibGUFK, S. 108–125. (in Russ.)
[he effect of the wind on the flight of bullets] Ofitsialnyy sayt Federatsii strelby Ukrainy [Official site of the Ukrainian Federation of shooting]. Available at: www.shooting-ua.com. (in Russ.)
Mulik, V. V. 2002, Sistema mnogoletnego sportivnogo sovershenstvovaniya v uslozhnennykh usloviyakh sopryazheniya osnovnykh storon podgotovlennosti sportsmenov (na materiale lyzhnogo sporta) : dis. d-ra nauk po fiz. vospitaniyu i sportu [The system of long-term sports perfection in difficult conditions conjugation main parties of athletes (on the skiing material) : doct. of sci. diss.]. Kharkov, 515 p. (in Russ.)
Boyer, T. The book of rifle accuracy, Ofitsialnyy sayt Federatsii strelby Ukrainy [Official site of the Ukrainian Federation of shooting]. Available at: www.shooting-ua.com.
Kudelin, A. I. 2011, [Ways to improve the quality of shooting biathletes] Sovremennaya sistema sportivnoy podgotovki v biatlone: materialy Vseros. nauch. prakt. konf. (Omsk, 27–29 aprelya 2011 g.) [The modern system of sports training in biathlon: Proc. scientific. Pract. Conf. (Omsk, 27–29 April 2011)]. Omsk: Izd-vo SibGUFK, p. 140–145. (in Russ.)
Romanova, Ya. S. Kompleksnyy individualnyy podkhod k sovershenstvovaniyu tekhniki strelby biatlonistov vysokoy kvalifikatsii: dis. ... kand. ped. nauk: 13.00.04 [Comprehensive an individual approach to improving shooting technique highly qualified biathletes:PhD diss.]. Omsk, 2016, 215 p. (in Russ.)
Kalinina, N. [I want to teach biathletes shoot with the wind] Sport segodnya [Sports today]. 29.07.2009. (in Russ.)
Yuryev, A. A. 1962, Sportivnaya strelba [Sport Shooting]. Moscow: Fizkultura i sport, 544 p. (in Russ.)
Korkh, A. Ya. 1987, Sportivnaya strelba: ucheb. dlya in-tov fiz. kultury [Sport Shooting]. Moscow: Fizkultura i sport, 255 p. (in Russ.)
Klaus Nitzsche. 1998, Biathlon: Leistung – Training – Wettkampf; ein Lehrbuch für Trainer, Übungsleiter und Aktive. Wiesbaden: Limpert, 358 p.
Zagurskiy, N. S. & Sakhonenko, A. A. [Improvement biathlon marksmanship using a computer simulator "SCATT"] Nauchnyye trudy: yezhegodnik [Science works: Yearbook], Omsk: Izd-vo SibGUFK, 2005, pp. 109–120. (in Russ.)
Kedyarov, A. P. Obucheniye strelbe v biatlone: posobiye dlya trenerov i sportsmenov [Training shooting in biathlon: A guide for coaches and athletes]. Minsk: Polirek, 2007, 104 s.
Zanevskiy, І. P., Korostilova, Yu. S. & Mikhaylov, V. V. 2013, [Metrological testing of optoelectronic systems for shooting] Slobozhanskii naukovo-sportyvnyi vіsnyk [Slobozhanskyi science and sport bulletin]. Kharkіv: KSAPC, vol. 34, No 1, pp. 18–23. (in Russ.)
Astafyev, N. V. & Zubrilov, R. A. 2015, [Algorithm training Biathlon shooting with the removal of the aiming point on the shooting simulator «Scatt»] Pedagogiko-psikhologicheskiye i mediko-biologicheskiye problemy fizicheskoy kultury i sporta [Pedagogical-psychological and medical-biological problems of physical training and sports]. Povolzhskaya GAFKSiT, Vol. 36, No 3, pp. 8–16. (in Russ.)
Astafyev, N. V. Obucheniye biatlonistov «otmetke» vystrela: elektron. ucheb. posobiye i kompyuternaya obuchayushchaya programma «Otmetka vystrela – dioptr» [Education Biathlon "mark" shot: the electron. Proc. manual and computer training programs, "Mark shot – diopter"], Omsk: Izd-vo SibGAFK. (in Russ.)
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2016 Roman Zubrilov, Nikolai Аstafyev
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.