Adaptation rearrangements of heart of young sportsmen depending on the orientation of the training activity

Viktor Lastochkin, Anatoliy Rovnyy

Abstract


Purpose: studying of the main parameters of morphofunctional condition of the left ventricular cavity of heart of sportsmen in the conditions of the training and competitive activity.

Material & Methods: three groups of children (n=30) of 7–9, 10–12, 13–14 years old, who begin to train in sports with the manifestation of endurance and high-speed and power qualities, the qualified sportsmen at the age of 1516 years old, who are engaged in run on 400 m with barriers, and karatekas (n=15+n=15), not engaged children of the same aged groups (n=40). The following methods of the research were applied: analysis of special literature, pedagogical supervisions, pedagogical experiment, echocardiological methods of the research.

Results: the considerable connection of types of heart of young sportsmen with indicators of exercise stress of various orientations is established. Sportsmen with the optimum vegeto-rhythmic indicators have the essential advantages in adaptation morphofunctional displacements in heart and warm productivity at sportsmen with satisfactory vegetative-rhythmic indicators.

Conclusions: adaptation morphofunctional displacements in activity of the cardio-respiratory system are closely connected with the prevailing orientation of the training process and can be used as the objective test of adaptation to the special loadings in sport.


Keywords


echocardiological indicators; vegetative-rhythmic indicators; training work; endurance; high-speed and power qualities; sportsmen

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