Influence of bodybuilding classes on physical qualities of the qualified sportswomen in different phases of the specific biological cycle

Vyacheslav Mulik, Evgeniya Dzhim

Abstract


Purpose: to conduct researches of influence of classes of the sportswomen who are going in for bodybuilding and fitness-bikini on manifestation of physical qualities in different phases of the ovarian-menstrual cycle.

Material & Methods: researches were conducted in sports fitness-clubs of Kharkov "Feromon", "Gorod", “King” with the qualified sportswomen who are going in for bodybuilding and fitness-bikini within 3 months of the preparatory period in number of 14 people. We used as methods of the research: the analysis of references and testing of level of motive qualities in separate phases of OMC.

Results: the theoretical analysis of features of the accounting of phases of OMC at sportswomen is submitted and the testing of the level of development of physical qualities in different phases of the specific biological cycle at the qualified sportswomen, who are going in for bodybuilding, is held.

Conclusions: the received results demonstrate that physical efficiency of the qualified sportswomen, who are going in for bodybuilding, is not identical in phases of the ovarian-menstrual cycle. It is revealed that the best conditions for performance of considerable exercise stresses in post-ovulatory and post-menstrual phases of OMC, therefore it is expedient to plan them in the preparatory periods of the qualified sportswomen, who are going in for bodybuilding.


Keywords


testing; phases of OMC; physical qualities; bodybuilding; sportswomen

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dibner, R. D. (1998), Meditsinskie aspekty adaptatsii v zhenskom sporte [Medical Aspects of adaptation in the women's sport], SPbGAFK, SPb., 106 p. (in Russ.)

Yekhlakova, Ye. F. (1958), Vliyanie menstrualnogo tsikla na sportivnuyu rabotosposobnost lyzhnits: avtoref. kand. ped. nauk: spets. 13.00.04 «Teoriya i metodika fizicheskogo vospitaniya, sportivnoy trenirovki, ozdorovitelnoy i adaptivnoy fizicheskoy kultury» [Effect of menstrual cycle on athletic performance skiers: PhD thesis abstract], L., 20 p. (in Russ.)

Iordanskaya, F. A. (2012), Muzhchina i zhenshchina v sporte vysshikh dostizheniy: Problemy polovogo dimorfizma [Men and women in the sphere of sports: Problems of sexual dimorphism], Sov. sport, Moscow, 256 p. (in Russ.)

Klimenko, A. V. (2002), Organizatsionno-metodicheskoe obespechenie fizicheskogo vospitaniya studentok s uchetom ovarialno-menstrualnogo tsikla: avtoref. kand. nauk po fiz. vosp. i sportu: spets. 24.00.02 «Fizicheskaya kultura, fizicheskoe vospitanie raznykh grupp naseleniya» [Organizational-methodical maintenance of physical training of students in view of ovarian-menstrual cycle: PhD thesis abstract], Kiev, 22 p. (in Russ.)

Klimenko, A. V. (2003), “Psycho-physiological changes in the functional state of students in physical education”, Nauchno-metodicheskie i prakticheskie osnovy podgotovki spetsialistov v sovremennom tekhnicheskom vuze, pp. 294–299. (in Russ.)

Loza, T. A. (1981), Optimizatsiya protsessa obucheniya gimnasticheskim uprazhneniyam v svyazi so spetsificheskimi osobennostyami zhenskogo organizma: avtoref. kand. ped. nauk: spets. 13.00.04 «Teoriya ta metodika fizicheskogo vospitaniya, sportivnoy trenirovki, ozdorovitelnoy i adaptivnoy fizicheskoy kultury» [Optimization of process of training to gymnastic exercises in connection with the specific features of the female body: PhD thesis abstract], Kiev, 23 p. (in Russ.)

Lubysheva, L. I. (2000), “Woman and sport: the social aspect”, Teoriya i praktika fiz. kultury, No 6, pp. 13–16. (in Russ.)

Mulik, V. V. Sistema mnogoletnego sportivnogo sovershenstvovaniya v uslozhnennykh usloviyakh sopryazheniya osnovnykh storon podgotovlennosti sportsmenov (na materiale lyzhnogo sporta): avtoref. d-ra nauk po fiz. vosp. i sportu: spets. 24.00.01 «Olimpiyskiy i professionalnyy sport» [The system of long-term sports perfection in difficult conditions conjugation main parties of athletes (on the skiing material): doct. of sci. thesis abstract], Kyiv, 2001, 40 p. (in Russ.)

Mulik, V. (2016), “Contemporary Aspects of the training process athletes”, Slobozans`kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik, No 5(55), pp. 57–62. (in Ukr.)

Platonov, V. N. (2015), Sistema podgotovki sportsmenov v olimpiyskom sporte. Obshchaya teoriya i ee prakticheskie prilozheniya [The system of training athletes in Olympic sports. The general theory and its practical applications], Olimp. lit., Kyiv, 752 p. (in Russ.)

Polyakova, T. M. & Yurchik, N. A. (1991), “The dependence of the CMC, biorhythms and effectiveness of shooting women shooters in a competition”, Problemy sovremennoy nauchno-issledovatelskoy raboty v sfere fizicheskoy kultury: mater. itogovoy nauch. konf. BGOIFK [Problems of modern research work in the field of physical culture: mater. final scientific. Conf. BGOIFK], Minsk, pp. 121–122. (in Russ.)

Pokholenchuk, Yu. T. & Svechnikova, N. V. Sovremennyy zhenskiy sport [Modern women's sports], Zdorove, Kiev, 1987, 192 p. (in Russ.)

Prudnikova, M. S. & Mulik, V. V. (2009), “The impact of physical activity on functional status and personal qualities of young bicyclists 12-

years in the making CMC”, Slobozans`kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik, No 3, pp. 164–167. (in Russ.)

Radzievskiy, A. R., Loza, T. A. & Bamutov, A. N. (1975), “Anatomical and physiological characteristics of the female body”, Zhenskiy sport: sb. nauch. rabot, Kyiv, pp. 10–34. (in Russ.)

Chernov, S. S. (1985), Rezhimy trenirovochnykh nagruzok v mezotsikle u sportsmenok v bege na srednie distantsii: avtoref. kand. ped. nauk: spets. 13.00.04 «Teoriya i metodika fizicheskogo vospitaniya, sportivnoy trenirovki, ozdorovitelnoy i adaptivnoy fizicheskoy kultury» [Modes of training loads in mesocycle in athletes in the women's middle distance: PhD thesis abstract], Moscow, 22 pp. (in Russ.)

Shakhlina, L. G. (2002), Mediko-biologicheskie osnovy upravleniya protsessom sportivnoy trenirovki zhenshchin [Medical and biological process control fundamentals of sports training women], Naukova dumka, Kyiv, 326 p. (in Russ.)

Shakhlina, L. G. Mediko-biologicheskie osnovy upravleniya protsessom sportivnoy trenirovki zhenshchin: avtoref. doktora ped. nauk: spets. 13.00.04 «Teoriya i metodika fizicheskogo vospitaniya, sportivnoy trenirovki, ozdorovitelnoy i adaptivnoy fizicheskoy kultury» [Medical and biological bases of management of process of sports training women: doct. of sci. thesis abstract], K., 1995, 32 pp. (in Russ.)

Botela-Lyusia, J. (1973), Endocrynology of Woman, Philadelphia; London; Toronto: W. B. Saunders Co., P. 5–47.

Byrne, H. K. & Wilmore, J. H. (2001), The effects of a 20-week exercise training program on resting metabolic rate in previously sedentary, moderately obese women, II Int. J. Sport Nutr. and Exercise Metab., No 1, C. 15–31.

Carbe, G. (1990), Die Wertigkeit des Muskeltraining im Gesundheitssport, II Z. Phys. Med. Bain. Med. Klin., Bd. 19, N1, S. 34–38.

Pate, R.R., Sparling, P.B. & Wilson, G.E. et al. (1987), Cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses to submaximal and maximal exercise in elite women distance runner, II Int. J. Sport Med, 8, suppl. 2, P. 91–95.




Copyright (c) 2017 Vyacheslav Mulik, Evgeniya Dzhim

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.