Надмірна міграція і порушення політичної стабільності на європейському континенті
Ключові слова:demographic changes, excessive migration, migration policies, xenophobia, illegal migration, deportation of refugees
Migration of population is an integral part of demographic processes. For their comprehensive study of great importance to determine the socio-demographic characteristics of migrants and medium and long-term forecasting of trends and intensity of migration. This approach is extremely important because, according to UN projections, world population already in 2025 will be 8 billion people, and in 2045 it may reach 9 billion. Under the current population policy should be a decisive influence on the development of family birth children, career choices, employment, population dynamics, structure and population settlement. Around this important issue today should unite national, regional and worldwide policy in the regulation of population.
Under the above conditions is extremely dangerous over-current mass migration from Asia and Africa to the European continent. This realization only now, after a series of terrorist attacks in the developed countries of the European Union comes to the minds of European leaders. Earlier in their approaches to migration policy dominated economic thinking, which prevented them and listen to the opinions of scientists, historians, sociologists, political scientists, demographers. At first glance, the logic in their actions was quite motivated, since about 90% of all international migrants is labor migration, which largely contributes to the prosperity of the host country. And this has prompted Western countries to open borders for migrants. But the problems caused by excessive migration incommensurable with economic success.
Excessive flow of migrants has led to the growth of ethnic tensions in Europe. First and foremost, on the formation of the territory of the European powers closed areas inhabited by certain ethnic groups. The economic effect of the influx of immigrants already in the medium term appears illusory disappear as incentives for innovation. Cheap labor needs conservation cheap, simplified means of production of certain products, slow process of internal integration of the population. Under pressure from excessive migration eroded European idea of open borders. Establishment of an international migration regime impede intense competition of international migration policy, protection of national labor markets, inequality of opportunities of European states, upholding the priority rights of its citizens on universal human rights. Cigarette migrants as second class people in their environment generates aggression, which is successfully used by representatives of the so- called Islamic State and other terrorist groups. On the other hand directed against migrants growing sentiment and xenophobia among the local population. This leads to confrontation and even open conflict.
The most acute problems of migration policy of the EU is the failure of certain positions of the individual Member States. This applies in particular to refugee admission procedures. Among the reasons for the spread of illegal migration is flawed system deportation of refugees in the EU. According to the experts, only a third actually executed decisions to refuse asylum. In terms of migration invasion offset joint agreement on the protection of external borders, as some countries (especially the Balkans, through which there is transit migration flows - Greece, Hungary, Serbia) begin to violate regulations and Brussels to protect its borders all available national means.
Global scale migration challenges requires the development of coordinated global strategies of the European Union and individual states, particularly those with limited tools of influence on international migration. This is especially true in Central and Eastern Europe, which is still quite time to prepare their own migration program until the main migration pressure falls on the west European countries with high social standards. Ukraine under these conditions should make greater use of opportunities for cooperation with the EU in the field of migration. In particular, it is necessary to violate European partners question development and implementation of EU support joint projects to facilitate the return of Ukrainian labor migrants and education at home; take into account developments in the development of EU legal instruments in the field of migration, to assess the submitted draft laws for compliance with the basic principles of the EU migration policy; initiate the development of circular migration patterns between Ukraine and the EU jointly develop mechanisms for its implementation.
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