Aсиметрична стратегія як відповідь на виклики системі європейської безпеки
Ключові слова:asymmetric strategy hybrid warfare, the system of European security, sanctions against the aggressor, the risks for Europe, the national security of Ukraine
The aggression of the Russian Federation to Ukraine, which began in 2014 with the annexation of the Crimea, and then continued in a hybrid war in Donbas, in modern terms means a threat to the whole European security system that has witnessed the tragedy of Malaysian «Boeing» July 17, 2014, Russia’s attempts to retain power anti-people regime of B. al-Assad in Syria, and the constant provocative actions and statements of top government officials aggressor. Under these conditions the European security system, along with Ukraine under current conditions fell to be tested for strength. Because of the departure of the requirements of international law, rules and standards of democratic behavior on the international arena, the response of the European Union and Ukraine cannot be symmetrical and requires the use of operational and non-standard asymmetric strategy.
Asymmetric strategy means constant, active pressure on the system «vulnerabilities» of the enemy, the ability to organize their activities and think a great opponent so as to maximize their advantages and use its vulnerabilities, capture initiative or providing space for maneuvering. The defense strategy that Ukraine has to use, designed to minimize the negative effects on the actions of a dangerous rival that has a significant advantage in power and uses its dominant position. Strategy asymmetric nature of the Europe means above all sanctions against the aggressor through which the European Union lifted its own authority. Induced sanctions issues gradually form the internal opposition to Putin’s regime in Russia itself.
The important role in asymmetric strategy plays studying the risks to Europe’s hybrid policy. These risks include: the provocative policy of in some European countries; activity funds, cultural associations, think tanks, pro-European orientation, which includes actions aimed at preventing enlargement of the European Union, or even to its collapse; systemic support from the far-right and ultra-Russian political parties and movements (this applies primarily to France, Italy, Hungary). Equally important is the expansion of diplomatic means opposition to Russian aggression, including large-scale informing the world community about events in Ukraine and strategic partnership in the military-political sphere (USA, Poland, Baltic countries).
Asymmetric steps Ukraine is most clearly manifested in the creation of a new National Security Strategy of Ukraine. In the context of the national strategy for Ukraine challenges are: the external dimension - the depletion of enemy involvement and promotion of international assistance, activation policy of partnership with NATO; in domestic terms - to achieve a situation of domination own political liberty in troubled regions, effective implementation of internal reforms, building a modern public administration system in compliance with democratic principles, human rights and freedoms, support for small and medium businesses, the fight against corruption, attracting foreign investment.
Confronting the destructive influence of a powerful enemy should include: outreach to the population of the occupied territories; defamation of illegal armed formations; linguistic use of arms, especially language factor; the formation of moral and psychological stability of society to sabotage and terrorist acts. Information expansion neighboring state encourages Ukraine to develop effective ways of intensive use of media as a powerful resource in terms of opposition to aggression.
So, in the short term asymmetric strategy of Ukraine and the European Union must be defensive, that is to minimize the negative effects on the actions of an opponent who has a significant advantage in military capability and imposes its will and interests. But already in the medium term asymmetric strategy should take the offensive character and return channel in international relations democratic order and European security, which includes: the inviolability of borders, building an effective energy security, preventing the use of force in resolving political problems; overcoming latent threats which include terrorism, transnational organized crime, illegal migration, cyber-attacks, separatism, global climate change, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery.
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