Urogenital infections of women of reproductive age caused by conditionally pathogenic microorganisms on the background of tobacco smoking

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-8025.2022.255743

Keywords:

microbiota, urogenital tract, Femoflor Screen test, smoking, women, reproductive age, opportunistic pathogens, pathogenic microorganisms

Abstract

The aim: to study changes in the microbiota of the urogenital tract of women of reproductive age in the Dnipro region, which is caused by conditionally pathogenic microorganisms on the background of smoking.

Material and methods: biomaterial of patients (scraping from the urogenital tract) who applied to the Center for Laboratory Medicine PE “VIS-MEDIC” in Dnipro region. We analyzed the components of the microbiota of the vagina of women of the surveyed groups (sign of age and smoking) in the period from 2018 to 2021. For the use in an analysis, microbiota data were obtained using the test system Femoflor Screen.

Results. Analysis of the results of the study revealed the dependence of the composition of the microbiota of the reproductive tract of women on the use of tobacco products. An increase in indicators for conditionally pathogenic microorganisms was shown. The rate of detection of elevated levels of M. hominis in samples of biological material varied between 6-8 % but was not recorded in all study groups of women. There was also an increase in the frequency of detection of elevated levels of U. urealyticum, U. parvum in samples of biological material, the values of which ranged from 9 to 50 %.

Conclusions. The obtained data allowed to assess the effect of tobacco on the composition of the microbiota of the urogenital tract of women and made it possible to use them in measures of social and preventive work, as an indisputable fact to quit smoking. Therefore, there is a need for further research to establish the role of microorganisms involved in restoring the composition of the microbiota after inflammatory processes in women who use and do not use tobacco products.

The results may be relevant for the diagnosis of inflammatory diseases, processes caused by opportunistic pathogens of the urogenital tract of women of reproductive age, potentially dangerous occurrence and development of infertility and the basis for social and preventive work among women on the background of smoking

Author Biographies

Oksana Starishko, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University

Senior Lecturer

Department of General Medicine with a Сourse of Рhysical Therapy

Tetiana Turytska, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University

PhD, Associate Professor

Department of General Medicine with a Сourse of Рhysical Therapy

Anastasia Ovcharenko, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University

Department of General Medicine with a Сourse of Рhysical Therapy

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Published

2022-05-07

How to Cite

Starishko, O., Turytska, T., & Ovcharenko, A. (2022). Urogenital infections of women of reproductive age caused by conditionally pathogenic microorganisms on the background of tobacco smoking. ScienceRise: Biological Science, (1(30), 16–25. https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-8025.2022.255743

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Section

Biological research