DOI: https://doi.org/10.25128/2520-6230.19.3.3

SOCIAL WORK WITH MARGINALIZED GROUPS: PLANNING AND ORGANIZING

Iryna Krynytska

Abstract


Ukraine has declared itself a social state, and therefore, has been gradually stabilizing the level of social protection of vulnerable population groups in the sphere of material provision. However, the problem of marginalization and social exclusion still remains largely unresolved.
The report identifies approaches to the organization of social work with marginalized groups and outlines the concept of marginalization as a process of social declassation of individuals. The major theoretical assumptions underlying this social research are the theory of social problems, the theory of change, motivation, social inclusion and exclusion.
The study argues that the process of internal changes is characterized by the impact of the change in the social status of persons belonging to the crisis-driven categories, difficulties in their self-identification. The research establishes the basic procedure for social work, which is the study of the state of the equilibrium of an individual's life (the “unchanging” circumstances), and transformation of a personality through the influences onto the standards of the group he \ she fits in, which should reduce the resistance in the course of change. Social tension is defined as an external barrier to change, which can be overcome by the creation of the positive image of marginalized groups (positive marginalization) and social inclusion of people from crisis-bound categories into different environments.
The paper looks at the necessity to reinforce personal self-help skills, to form settings that contribute to the development and search for the resources necessary to adapt to new conditions.
The author stresses the importance of social service institutions and of the growth of competence of their specialists.
The concluding part suggests some support leverages in the fields of macro-, meso- and micro-levels of social work with marginalized populations, and directions for their implementation at the organizational level: filing a request; securing a complex institutional support; forming initiatives within the marginalized group; identifying individual motives and shaping settings that will contribute to internal transformation and social change in a community / group.

Keywords


marginalization; social work; theory of changes; social exclusion; levels of social work support; directions of organizational work.

References


Литвинчук, О. (2015). Маргіналізація українського суспільства. Наукові записки Національного університету “Острозька академія”. Серія: Філософія. Випуск 17. С. 51-55. [Litvinchuk, O. (2015). Marginalization of Ukrainian Society. Scientific Notes of the National University of Ostroh Academy. Series: Philosophy, 17, 51-55. [in Ukrainian].

Лінгур, Л. & Поліщук, С. (2016). Аналіз соціально-економічних факторів маргіналізації населення України. Економіка: реалії часу. №6(28). С. 33-39. [Lingur, L. & Polischuk, S. (2016). Analysis of socio-economic factors of Ukraine's marking margination economics: realities of time. Economics: Realities of Time, 6 (28), 33-39. [in Ukrainian].

Олійников, Г. (2017). Психогенії та протиправна поведінка осіб із посттравматичними стресовими розладами, постраждалих у результаті антитерористичної операції. Актуальні проблеми вітчизняної юриспруденції. № 2. Т. 2. С. 125-130. [Oliynykov, G. (2017). Psychogenic and illegal behavior of persons with post-traumatic stress disorder, victims of the antiterrorist operation. Actual problems of domestic jurisprudence, 2, 2, 125-130. [in Russian].

Фуллер, Р. & Майерс, Р. (2001). Стадии социальной проблемы. Контексты современности. II : Хрестоматия. 2-е изд., перераб. и доп. ; [сост. и ред. С. Ерофеев]. Казань : Изд-во Казан. ун-та, С.138-141. [Fuller, R. & Myers, R. (2001). The Stages of the Social Problem. Contexts of the Modern - II: Reading, 2, 138-141. [in Russian].

Ципко, С. & Кріслата, Х. (2015). «Нові маргінальні групи» у соціальній структурі сучасного суспільства: теоретичний аспект дослідження. Релігія та соціум. №1-2 (17-18). С. 149-155. [Tsipko, S. & Krislata, H. (2015). New marginal groups»in the social structure of modern Ukrainian society:theoretical aspects ofresearch. Religion and society, 1-2 (17-18), 149-155].

Blumer, G. (1971). Social Problems as Collective Behavior, in Social Problems. Vol. 18. рр. 298–306.

Little, W. (2013). Introduction to Sociology – 1st Canadian Edition. Rice University. р. 707.

Neweomb, T. & Hartley, E. (1947). Social Psychologyby. Co-Chairmen of Editorial Committee, Henry Holt and Co. P. 340-344.




Copyright (c) 2019 Ірина Криницька

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.