DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2312-8372.2017.119505

Development of the method for assessing the action zones of hazards in an emergency at a city filling station using geoinformation technology

Kateryna Vasiutynska, Olena Arsirii, Oleksii Ivanov

Abstract


The object of research is a specific filling station (gas  station), which is located in the Odessa (Ukraine) on the Gastello street. Filling station recepts and stores petroleum products (gasoline A-80, A-93, diesel fuel, engine oil) and refueling vehicles. The facility includes a tank of 40 m3 of tank fuel and 1 tank of 15 m3 tanks. The area of influence includes a motorway, a garage cooperative, a cafe-bar, a multi-storey house, a gas distribution station. One of the most problematic places of operation of the filling station is emergency risk – fire and explosion, as a result of leakage and the accumulation of fumes of oil products. Therefore, local destruction of the reservoir is considered with subsequent ignition of the leak, which led to the appearance of a shock wave.

In the course of the research, a method for assessing the zones of action of damaging factors is developed, in which geographical information technologies are used. The method includes the steps of selecting an emergency scenario, processing the primary data, calculating the values and radii of the zones of the component parameters of the emergency situation. Visualization of the destruction zones in Quantum GIS version 2.18.2, with an open information code, distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License is also included.

Based on calculations of the size of hazardous areas in which full, medium, weak destruction of buildings and related injuries in humans are possible, the results of their visualization based on the architecture of an integrated geographic information system (GIS) are possible. The proposed method has a number of features, in particular, it allows to identify a specific city territory, which is covered by negative factors of accident consequences, in on-line mode. Due to this, certain «care» objects that have fallen into the corresponding risk zones, among which are 2 multi-storey houses, a gas distribution station, a cafe-bar, a garage cooperative, a significant part of the motorway.

In comparison with similar known examples of risk analysis, the method allows to classify the «care» objects by the levels of damage, and organize appropriate measures to minimize risks in the environmental management system of the city. The method provides such advantages as systemic representation of potentially dangerous objects and subjects of their influence, the integration of branched development scenarios, visibility, cross-platform and openness of information data. Using the method of modeling the development of an emergency at filling stations within the city of a million people improves the efficiency of the information presentation, allows to adequately predict the development of the environmental situation in the risk management system. And also positively affects the work of the SES bodies in ensuring the technogenic security of the city.


Keywords


potentially dangerous object; filling station; shock wave; geographical information technology; technogenic risk

References


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GOST Style Citations


Jelnovach, A. N. Analiz ekologicheskih vozdeistvii i riskov pri ekspluatatsii avtozapravochnyh stantsii [Text] / A. N. Jelnovach, N. V. Prokopenko // Vestnik HNADU. – 2014. – Vol. 67. – P. 78–88.

Radchenko, Yu. S. Otsenka posledstvii avarii na avtozapravochnyh stantsiiah [Text] / Yu. S. Radchenko // Trudy BGTU. Ser. 4, Himiia, tehnologiia organicheskih veshchestv i biotehnologiia. – 2008. – Vol. 4. – P. 125–129.

Boyko, T. Calculation and analysis of predictable technological risk value of industrial objects in stationary operating conditions [Text] / T. Boyko, P. Vavulin // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. ‒ 2014. ‒ Vol. 5, No. 10 (71). ‒ P. 42‒46. doi:10.15587/1729-4061.2014.27981

Boyko, T. Using the assessment method of environmental risk of a project in strategic territorial planning [Text] / T. Boyko, I. Dzhygyrey, A. Abramova // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. ‒ 2017. ‒ Vol. 3, No. 10 (87). ‒ P. 10‒17. doi:10.15587/1729-4061.2017.101848

Popov, V. M. Informatsiina tekhnolohiia pidvyshchennia tekhnohennoi bezpeky rehionu [Text] / V. M. Popov, I. A. Chub, M. V. Novozhylova // Systemy obrobky informatsii. – 2015. – Vol. 12 (137). – P. 181–184.

Morales Terres, I. M. Assessing the impact of petrol stations on their immediate surroundings [Text] / I. M. Morales Terres, M. D. Minarro, E. G. Ferradas, A. B. Caracena, J. B. Rico // Journal of Environmental Management. – 2010. – Vol. 91, No. 12. – P. 2754–2762. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.08.009

Kountouriotis, A. Numerical investigation of VOC levels in the area of petrol stations [Text] / A. Kountouriotis, P. G. Aleiferis, A. G. Charalambides // Science of The Total Environment. – 2014. – Vol. 470–471. – P. 1205–1224. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.10.064

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Edokpolo, B. Health risk characterization for exposure to benzene in service stations and petroleum refineries environments using human adverse response data [Text] / B. Edokpolo, Q. J. Yu, D. Connell // Toxicology Reports. – 2015. – Vol. 2. – P. 917–927. doi:10.1016/j.toxrep.2015.06.004

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Mykhailiuk, O. P. Problemy zabezpechennia pozhezhovybukhobezpeky avtozapravnykh stantsii [Text] / O. P. Mykhailiuk, S. Ya. Kravtsiv // Problemy pozharnoi bezopasnosti. – 2012. – Vol. 32. – P. 149–154.

DBN 360-92** Mistobuduvannia. Planuvannia i zabudova miskykh i silskykh poselen [Text]: Order of the State Committee for Construction of April 17, 1992 No. 44. – Introduced: 2017-07-01. – Kyiv: Minrehionbud Ukrainy, 2002. – 6 p.

Stebliuk, M. I. Tsyvilna oborona [Text]: Handbook / M. I. Stebliuk. – Kyiv: Znannia, 2006. – 487 p.

NAPB B.03.002-2007. Normy vyznachennia katehorii prymishchen, budynkiv ta zovnishnikh ustanovok za vybukhopozhezhnoiu ta pozhezhnoiu nebezpekoiu [Electronic resource]: Order of the Ministry of Ukraine on Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of the Chernobyl Disaster from December 3, 2007, No. 833. – Kyiv, 2007. – Available at: \www/URL: https://dnaop.com/html/32980/doc-НАПБ_Б.03.002-2007

DSTU-N B V.1.1-27:2010. Budivelna klimatolohiia. Zakhyst vid nebezpechnykh heolohichnykh protsesiv, shkidlyvykh ekspluatatsiinykh vplyviv, vid pozhezhi [Text]. – Introduced: 2011-11-01. – Kyiv: Ukrarkhbudinform, 2011. – 123 p.

QGIS – providna vilna nastilna HIS [Electronic resource]. – Available at: \www/URL: http://www.qgis.org/uk/site/about/index.html

Pro zatverdzhennia Metodyky vyznachennia ryzykiv ta yikh pryiniatnykh rivniv dlia deklaruvannia bezpeky obiektiv pidvyshchenoi nebezpeky [Electronic resource]: Order of the Ministry of Labor and Social Policy of Ukraine from December 4, 2002 No. 637 // Informatsionnyi portal Ukrainy. – 2017. – Available at: \www/URL: http://ua-info.biz/legal/basene/ua-cmelgt/index.htm

Arsirii, O. Developing of hydro-aerodynamic systems' elements based on intellectual visualization [Text] / O. Arsirii // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. ‒ 2013. ‒ Vol. 3, No. 8 (63). ‒ P. 4‒8. – Available at: \www/URL: http://journals.uran.ua/eejet/article/view/14826/12628







Copyright (c) 2017 Kateryna Vasiutynska, Olena Arsirii, Oleksii Ivanov

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ISSN (print) 2664-9969, ISSN (on-line) 2706-5448