Smoking prevalence and its characteristics among the population aged 25-64 years according to the postal surveys of Kiev residents
PURPOSE: to estimate the tobacco smoking prevalence and its characteristics in the population of Kiev aged 25-64 years.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data were obtained from five postal surveys of the population within the framework of CINDI (WHO). Five of these surveys were conducted in 2002-2010 with 9034 participants.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Prevalence and trends of occasional smoking have no gender differences (in 2002, 8.1% of men and 8.7% of women were occasional smokers, in 2010 – 5.9% and 6.3% respectively). The standardized prevalence rate of daily TS among men did not change significantly (44.0 and 41.9%), smoking intensity decreased on average by one cigarette per day. A steady upward trend of smoking prevalence was recorded in women overall (from 16.3 to 19.3%), accompanied by the increase of TS intensity on average by one cigarette per day. A significant difference of smoking prevalence by educational level and marital status was revealed. Physicians are not enough involved in smoking cessation.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of TS in the population of Kiev city aged 25-64 is still high. In 2002-2010, stabilization of smoking prevalence among men and its increase in women was observed.
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Average income of Ukrainians does not exceed $200 a month (in Russian). http://minfin.com.ua/2011/07/23/42200
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