DOI: https://doi.org/10.32461/2226-3209.3.2017.138670

Folk art crafts in Ukraine: problems of legal regulation

Elena Gafurova, Marina Deinega

Abstract


The purpose of the article. The analysis of the scientific literature and legal principles of folk art crafts in Ukraine, including the study of the commitments undertaken by Ukraine after ratifying a number of international documents that became a part of the national legislation in this area, as well as the identification of directions for the improvement of this legislation, taking into account the European standards. Research methodology. Three groups of methods of scientific knowledge were used in the process of writing the article: philosophical (dialectical), general science (formal-logical, method of synthesis) and special-legal (comparative-legal, formal-legal). The dialectical method allowed to consider the legal regulation of folk art crafts in the unity of their material content and legal form. Due to the formal-logical method the concept-categorical apparatus was investigated. Using the method of synthesis, the place of the corresponding set of legal norms in the Ukrainian legislation system was discovered. Using the comparative legal method has allowed to explore the international legal ensuring of cultural heritage, to find out the compliance of domestic legislation with international and European standards. The formal legal method gave an opportunity to reveal the content of the law that regulates relations in the field of folk arts crafts in Ukraine. The scientific novelty of the article is to carry out a comprehensive study of the legal regulation of folk art crafts in the context of Ukraine's integration into the European Union and to identify the main areas of improvement of the national legislation in this area, taking into account the requirements of European standards and international legal acts. Conclusions. Nowadays, the development of folk arts crafts in Ukraine is not defined as a priority in the sphere of cultural policy of the state. This approach has led to a significant degree of occurrence of negative phenomena in the investigated sphere. Improving the legal regulation of folk arts crafts through the development of new ones and the introduction of changes to existing legal acts, taking into account the requirements of international and the European standards, should become a strategic goal in the sphere of realization of the cultural policy of the state. This will contribute to preserving the cultural identity of the country and the spiritual culture of the Ukrainian people.

Keywords


folk art crafts; centers of folk art crafts; enterprises of folk art crafts; cultural heritage; intangible cultural heritage; legal regulation