DOI: https://doi.org/10.32461/2226-3209.3.2018.147304

Revitalization of the Christian culture values in the work of Paul Tillich

Serhii Shevchenko

Abstract


Purpose of the article is to examine the theoretical foundations of Paul Tillich's theology of culture, which affirmed the necessary postulate of "courage" – the powerful self-affirmation of man despite the Christian world values crisis. The methodology of the research consists in the application of analysis methods, synthesis, comparison, generalization, as well as in the use of terminological, ideological-content and historical-philosophical approaches. The mentioned issue allowed us to reveal the features of rethinking the values of Christian culture in the works of P. Tillich "Systematic Theology," "Theology of Culture," "Dynamics of Faith," "Courage," representing the organic representation of the theological and anthropocentric value of coordinates in the cultural plane. The scientific novelty lies in the fact that in the domestic history of philosophy, religious studies and cultural studies for the first time, the concept of the positive revitalization of Christian culture values are analyzed in the works of P. Tillich, and its specificity was substantiated. There were characterized the categories and concepts that form the basis of the Tillich theology of culture ("ethical ethics", "courage to be", "anxiety", "marginal interest", "ultimate concern", "new being", "new morality"). Conclusions. In the conclusions, it is proved that the conceptual conception of religion by Tillich consists of the disappearance of the distribution between the sphere of sacral and secular. The ratio of religion and culture is connected with P. Tillich with his definition of religion as a substance of culture, and culture is a form of religion. Culture should be described regarding movement, which is dominant in the time of the corresponding historical period. Trying to solve the problem of the value priorities of the authentic existence of man in the context of the transformation of her religious worldview, P. Tillich contrasts modern morality with the "new" morality of a religious, highly spiritual person; reanimates traditional, faith, love, justice, freedom, humanity; warns of the threat of mass conformism, which is increasingly formed under the influence of the ideology of liberal humanism in modern democratic countries.


Keywords


culture; Christianity; values; “new morality”; spirituality.

References


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