DOI: https://doi.org/10.32461/2226-3209.4.2018.152960

MAIN AREAS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MULTICULTURALISM IN PROFESSIONAL EDUCATOR TRAINING IN THE USA

Ivan Bakhov

Abstract


The purpose of the research. The article raises the problem of professional preparation of future educators in the United States and Canada for work in a multicultural educational environment. Research methodology is based on the use of comparative and analytical methods while studying the works of American and Canadian scholars dealing with issues of ethnocultural diversity of the educational environment of modern educational institutions and attempts to resolve them from the standpoint of a tolerant attitude in working with multiethnic and multicultural students. Scientific novelty lies in the analysis of conceptual and empirical studies of American and Canadian authors, which until now have not been highlighted in the Ukrainian press. Conclusions. The research shows that teacher training programs at US colleges and universities, the curriculums and the policies of educational institutions have been revised to focus on the diversity of the ethnic composition of students and teachers, and that they reflect the main requirements to the goals and objectives of multicultural education.


Keywords


culture; multicultural; multiethnic; environment; the USA; Canada; curriculum; education

Full Text:

PDF

References


Avery, P., & Walker, C. (1993). Prospective teachers’ perceptions of ethnic and gender differences in aca-demic achievement. Journal of Teacher Education. 44 (l). P. 27-37. [in English]

Bakhov, I. S. (2013). Multicultural education of the U.S. in fundamental legislative acts. World Applied Sci-ences Journal 27 (Education, Law, Economics, Language and Communication). 28-31. [in English]

Banks, J.A. & C.A.M. Banks. (2000). Approaches to multicultural curriculum reform. Multicultural education: Issues and perspectives. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon. P. 195-214. [in English]

Baptiste, H., & Baptiste, M. (1980). Competencies toward multiculturalism. Multicultural teacher education: Preparing teacher educators to provide educational equity. Washington, DC: American Association of College for Teacher Education. 405 p. [in English]

Bennet, C.L, Cole, D., & Thomson, J.N. (1999). Teacher education in a collaborative multicultural class-room: Implications for critical-mass-minority and all-minority classes at a predominantly White university. C. L Bennet (Chair), Project TEAM. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada. 506 p. [in English]

Casrto, A. J. (2014). The role of teacher education in preparing teachers for critical multicultural citizenship. Journal of Social Stidies Research 38(4):189-203.

Cochran-Smith, M. & Fries, K (2001). Sticks, stones, and ideology: The discourse of teacher education. Educational Researcher. 30 (8). 3-15. [in English]

Cochran-Smith, M. (1995). Color blindness and basket making are not the answers: Confronting the di-lemmas of race, culture, and language diversity in teacher education. American Educational Research Journal. 32 (3). 493-522. [in English]

Darling-Hammond, L., & Sclan, E.M. (1996). Who teaches and why. Handbook of research on teacher education. New York: Simon & Schuster. 67-101.

Gay, G. (2008). The importance of Multicultural Education. In David J. Flinders & Stephen J. Thompson (eds). The Curriculum Studies Reader. Routledge. [in English]

Gollnick, D. M., & Chinn, P.C. (2006). Multicultural education in a pluralistic society. New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall. 404 p. [in English]

Gordon, B. (2006). Knowledge construction, competing critical theories, and education. In J. Banks, & C.A.M. Banks. Handbook of research on multicultural education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. P. 184-202. [in English]

Grant, С & Secada, W. (1990). Preparing teachers for diversity. Handbook of research on multicultural education. Old Tappan, NJ: Macmillan. P. 403-422. [in English]

Graue, E., & Grant, C. (2002). Questions, calls, and conversations for researchers in teacher education. Journal of Teacher Education. 52 (2). [in English]

Holovatyi, M. (2014). Multiculturalism as a means of nations and countries interethnic unity achieving. Economic Annals-XXI, 11-12, 15-18. [in English]

Kotenko, О. V. (2008). Multicultural education of teachers. Bulletin of postgraduate education: a collection of scientific works. Issue 7. 66 - 73. [in Ukrainian]

Ladson-Billings, G. & Tate, W.F. (1995). Toward a critical race theory of education. Teachers College Rec-ord. (97). P. 47-68. [in English]

Levinson, M. (2009). Mapping multicultural education. In Harvey Siegel (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of philosophy of education. Oxford University Press. [in English]

National Commission on Teaching and America’s Future. Doing what matters most: Investing in quality teaching. New York, 1997. 367 p. [in English]

Nieto, S. (2002). We speak in many tongues: Linguistic diversity and multicultural education. Multicultural education for the twenty-first century. Washington, DC: National Education Association, 389 p. [in English]

Sleeter, C. (2001). Culture, difference and power. New York: Teachers College Press. 325 p. [in English]

Toppo, G. (2001). Bush to sign education bill, but the debate over required testing goes on. Washington Post. Jan. 7. [in English]

Villegas, A., & Lucas, T. (2002). Educating culturally responsive teachers: A coherent approach. Albany, NY: SUNY Press. 222р. [in English]

Якса, Н. В. (2015). Поликультурное образование: Европейское измерение. Проблемы современного педагогического образования. Серия Педагогика и психология. Т.46 (2). С. 354-361. [in Russian]

Avery, P., & Walker, C. (1993). Prospective teachers’ perceptions of ethnic and gender differences in aca-demic achievement. Journal of Teacher Education. 44 (l). 27-37. [in English]

Bakhov, I. S. (2013). Multicultural education of the U.S. in fundamental legislative acts. World Applied Sci-ences Journal 27. Special issue (Education, Law, Economics, Language and Communication). 28-31. [in English]

Banks, J.A. & C.A.M. Banks. (2000). Approaches to multicultural curriculum reform. Multicultural education: Issues and perspectives. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon. 195-214. [in English]

Baptiste, H., & Baptiste, M. (1980). Competencies toward multiculturalism. Multicultural teacher education: Preparing teacher educators to provide educational equity. Washington, DC: American Association of College for Teacher Education. 405 p. [in English]

Bennet, C.L, Cole, D., & Thomson, J.N. (1999). Teacher education in a collaborative multicultural class-room: Implications for critical-mass-minority and all-minority classes at a predominantly White university. C. L Bennet (Chair), Project TEAM. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada. 506 p. [in English]

Casrto, A. J. (2014). The role of teacher education in preparing teachers for critical multicultural citizenship. Journal of Social Studies Research 38(4):189-203. [in English]

Cochran-Smith, M. & Fries, K (2001). Sticks, stones, and ideology: The discourse of teacher education. Educational Researcher. 30 (8). 3-15. [in English]

Cochran-Smith, M. (1995). Color blindness and basket making are not the answers: Confronting the di-lemmas of race, culture, and language diversity in teacher education. American Educational Research Journal. 32 (3). 493-522. [in English]

Darling-Hammond, L., & Sclan, E.M. (1996). Who teaches and why. Handbook of research on teacher education. New York: Simon & Schuster. 67-101. [in English]

Gay, G. (2008). The importance of Multicultural Education. In David J. Flinders & Stephen J. Thompson (eds). The Curriculum Studies Reader. Routledge. [in English]

Gollnick, D. M., & Chinn, P.C. (2006). Multicultural education in a pluralistic society. New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall. 404 p. [in English]

Gordon, B. (2006). Knowledge construction, competing critical theories, and education. In J. Banks, & C.A.M. Banks. Handbook of research on multicultural education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 184-202. [in English]

Grant, С & Secada, W. (1990). Preparing teachers for diversity. Handbook of research on multicultural education. Old Tappan, NJ: Macmillan. 403-422. [in English]

Graue, E., & Grant, C. (2002). Questions, calls, and conversations for researchers in teacher education. Journal of Teacher Education. 52 (2). [in English]

Holovatyi, M. (2014). Multiculturalism as a means of nations and countries interethnic unity achieving. Economic Annals-XXI, 11-12, 15-18. [in English]

Kotenko O. V. (2008). Polikulturna osvita vchyteliv. Visnyk pisliadyplomnoi osvity : zb. nauk. pr. – 2008. – Vyp. 7. – S. 66 – 73. [in Ukrainian]

Ladson-Billings, G. & Tate, W.F. (1995). Toward a critical race theory of education. Teachers College Rec-ord. (97). P. 47-68. [in English]

Levinson, M. (2009). Mapping multicultural education. In Harvey Siegel (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of philosophy of education. Oxford University Press. [in English]

National Commission on Teaching and America’s Future. Doing what matters most: Investing in quality teaching. New York, 1997. 367 p. [in English]

Nieto, S. (2002). We speak in many tongues: Linguistic diversity and multicultural education. Multicultural education for the twenty-first century. Washington, DC: National Education Association, 389 p. [in English]

Sleeter, C. (2001). Culture, difference and power. New York: Teachers College Press. 325 p. [in English]

Toppo, G. (2001). Bush to sign education bill, but the debate over required testing goes on. Washington Post. Jan. 7. [in English]

Villegas, A., & Lucas, T. (2002). Educating culturally responsive teachers: A coherent approach. Albany, NY: SUNY Press. 222р. [in English]

Yaksa, N.V. (2015). Multicultural education: The European dimension. Problems of modern teacher education. Ser. Pedagogy and Psychology. Vol. 46 (2). 354-361 [in Russian].