DOI: https://doi.org/10.32461/2226-3209.4.2018.152996

POST-TOTALITARIAN PRACTICES OF SOVIET AND POLISH COMEDY FILMS OF 1960 –1980s.

Maryna Stoliar

Abstract


The purpose of the research. The processes of integration of the post-socialist countries into European cultural space have different speed and rhythm as well as controversial vectors. One of the crucial factors that define the intensity of these processes, is a culture’s maturity in understanding different aspects of the totalitarian past, and also a certain level of development of reflective practices of the political and cultural elite. The artifacts of comedy films show the highest level of concentration of the anti-totalitarian discourse in the culture of post-totalitarian times. They also reveal certain mental differences of the representatives of various post-totalitarian societies. The article aims at making the comparative analysis of the Soviet and Polish comedy films of 1960–1980s. This analysis clearly shows both common and different characteristics of the anti-totalitarian practices of these cultures. The methodology. The phenomenon of laughter is studied with the help of different paradigms of the laughter philosophy, namely, the theories of incongruity, of relief, of superiority etc.; all these theories are seen as mutually complementary. The legacy of G. Daneliya and Bareja is interpreted with the help of the crypto-religious methodology. We also use some methodological practices of M. Bakhtin and representatives of the contemporary Bakhtin studies. The scientific novelty. For the first time ever the material is analyzed in the philosophical and culturological context and in the aspect of the anti-totalitarian discourse. Conclusion. We state and research the comparatively early appearance of the philosophical reflection in the Polish comedy of such a cause of totalitarian practices as the atomization of an individual (H. Arendt); analyze the original semantics of the critical discourse of G. Daneliya’s comedy “33”; reveal the anti-totalitarian subtexts of some other comedies.


Keywords


totalitarian; post-totalitarian practices; laughter; laughter culture; Soviet comedy films; Polish comedy films.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Арендт Х. Джерела тоталітаризму. К.: Дух і літера, 2001. 539 с.

Аристотель. Поэтика. Риторика. СПб.: Азбука-классика, 2007. 352 с.

Бахтин М. М. Творчество Франсуа Рабле и народная культура средневековья и Ренессанса. М.: Худож. Лит., 1990. 543 с.

Бергсон А. Введение в метафизику. Смех. URL: http://krotov.info/library/02_b/er/gson_smeh.htm

Громов Владимир. Божество ушедшей эпохи (о фильме Станислава Барейи «Мишка»). URL: https://culture.pl/ru/article/bozhestvo-ushedshey-epohi-o-filme-stanislava-bareyi-mishka

Гумилев Л.Н. Ритмы Евразии: Эпохи и цивилизации. М.: АСТ, 2004. 608 с.

Еліаде М. Священне і мирське; Міфи, сновидіння і містерії; Мефістофель і андроген; Окультизм, ворожбитство та культурні уподобання / пер. з нім., фр., англ. Г. Кьорян, В. Сахно. К.: Видавництво Соломії Павличко «Основи», 2001. 591 с.

О бедном гусаре замолвите слово. Материал из Википедии – свободной энциклопедии. URL: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki

Пролеєв С. Сміх і панування / Δόξα / ДОКСА. // Зб. наук. праць з філософії та філології. Одеса, 2005. Вип. 7. Людина на межі смішного і серйозного. С. 51–58.

Столяр М. Советская смеховая культура. К.: Стилос, 2011. 304 с.

Bardon Adrian. Dr. The Philosophy of Humor. URL: http://faculty.swosu.edu/frederic.murray/Philosophy%20of%20Humor_1.pdf

Linz J., & Stepan A. Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation.

Southern Europe, South America and Post-Communist Europe. – Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996. 480 p.

Stoliar M., & Stechenko T. The discourse of the laughter theory in the optics of Postpositivism and Postmodernism. Гілея: науковий вісник. Збірник наукових праць / Гол. ред. В.М. Вашкевич. К.: ВІП УАЕ, 2018. Вип. 131 (№ 4). С. 316–320.

Stolyar Maryna. Fenomen śmiechu w kontekście posttotalitarnej praktyki na podstawie sowieckiej i polskiej anegdoty z lat siedemdziesiątych i osiemdziesiątych ХХ wieku, «Wschodni Rocznik Humanistyczny».– Tom XIV (2017). Nº 4. с. 193–206.

Arendt, Kh. (2001). The Origins of Totalitarianism. Кyiv: Dukh і lіtera [in Ukrainian]

Aristotel' (1983). Works in 4 volumes. V. 4. M.: Thought [in Russian].

Bahtin, M.M. (1990). The work of François Rabelais and the Popular Culture of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance). M.: Hud. lit. [in Russian].

Bergson, H. Laughter. An essay on the meaning of the comic. Retrieved from http://www.gutenberg.org/files/4352/4352-h/4352-h.htm [in Russian].

Gromov Vladimir. Demigod of a bygone era (about Stanislaw Bareja’ film “Mishka”). Retrieved from https://culture.pl/ru/article/bozhestvo-ushedshey-epohi-o-filme-stanislava-bareyi-mishka [in Russian].

Gumilev, L.N. (2004). Rhythms of Eurasia: Epochs and Civilizations. M. : AST. [in Russian].

Elіade, M. (2001) The Sacred and the Profane. Myths, Dreams and Mysteries. Mephistopheles and the Androgene. Occultism, Witchcraft and Cultural Fashions). Кyiv: Vidavnitstvo Solomії Pavlichko «Osnovi». [in Ukrainian]

Tell a Word about a Poor Hussar. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki [in Russian].

Proleiev, S. (2005). Laugh and domination. Δόξα / DOKSA. Journal in philosophy and philology. Odesa: Odesa National University Press, 7. P. 51–58. [in Ukrainian]

Stolyar, M. (2011). Soviet laughter-culture. K.: Stylus. [in Russian].

Bardon Adrian. Dr. The Philosophy of Humor. Retrieved from http://faculty.swosu.edu/frederic.murray/Philosophy%20of%20Humor_1.pdf

Linz, J., & Stepan, A. (1996). Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation. Southern Europe, South America and Post-Communist Europe. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Stoliar, M., & Stechenko, T. (2018).The discourse of the laughter theory in the optics of Postpositivism and Postmodernism. Gіleya. Scientific journal. V.M. Vashkevich (Ed.). K.: VІP UAE, V. 131, 4, 316–320.

Stolyar Maryna (2017). The phenomenon of laugh in the context of post-totalitarian practice based on the Soviet and Polish anecdotes from the 70 and 80-ch-ch ХХ century. Wschodni Rocznik Humanistyczny. Tom XIV, 4, 193–206 [in Polish].