DOI: https://doi.org/10.32461/2226-3209.4.2018.153015

Specificity of the culture of management of the High Middle Ages

Elena Kovalenko

Abstract


The purpose of the work is theoretical analysis and generalization of the peculiarities of the culture of the management of the High Middle Ages, which will contribute to the enrichment of the humanities with new knowledge about the formation of a culture of governance at the stage of prosperity of the feudal society. The methodological basis of the study is the dialectical principle of cognition, systemic, civilization, sociocultural, activity, historical approaches, fundamental provisions of the theory and history of society, its culture and management. The following general scientific and interdisciplinary research methods are used: analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, comparison, generalization, formalization. The scientific novelty of the results obtained is the discovery and systematic generalization of the specifics of the culture of the management of the High Middle Ages. Conclusions. The high Middle Ages is characterized by the flowering of feudal relations, the domination of the estate-representative monarchy, the domains of the economy, the development of cities, crafts, commodity-money relations and central state power. The system of public administration at this stage is hierarchical with the allocation of central, regional and local levels: in the western countries – rigidly centralized, in the east – decentralized. Strengthening the power of cities has led to the development of urban law and the formation of a craft organization and a culture of crafts. The master was at the same time the owner, manager and employee, and management was based on common sense, experience and guild status. Workshops executed the petty regulation of the workshop. Identified its technology and such management functions as: organization, planning, control, provision, sale, distribution of income, hierarchy, criteria for promotion and professional training. The chain management culture was rational and progressive, but in the future it became a brake on the development of the craft. The church's canonical doctrine had a great influence on the culture of management. Canonists treated the management from the standpoint of ancient philosophy, the interests of feudal lords, class hierarchy, as well as church and royal (princely) power.


Keywords


Culture of Management; High Middle Ages; Society

References


Аквинский Ф. О правлении государей. Хрестоматия по истории средних веков: В 3-х т./под ред. С. Д. Сказкина. Москва: Соцэкгиз, 1961. Т. 3. С. 178–196.

Аквинский Ф. Сумма против язычников. Хрестоматия по истории средних веков: В 3-х т./под ред. С. Д. Сказкина. Москва: Соцэкгиз, 1961. Т. 3. С. 159–177.

Аквинский Ф. Сумма теологии. Хрестоматия по истории средних веков: В 3-х т./под ред. С. Д. Сказкина. Москва: Соцэкгиз, 1961. Т. 3. С. 133–158.

Бэкон Р. Избранное. Пер. с англ. Москва: Издательство Францисканцев, 2005. 480 с.

Вебер М. Протестантская этика и дух капитализма. Избранные произведения М. Вебера./пер. с нем. Москва: Прогресс, 1990. С. 61–272.

Всемирная история экономической мысли: В 6-ти т. / гл. ред. В. Н. Черковец. Москва: Мысль, 1987. Т. 2. 684 с.

Гофф Ж. Цивилизация средневекового Запада. / пер. с фр. Москва: Прогресс, 1992. 376 с.

Грациан И. Согласование несогласных канонов. Антология мировой правовой мысли: В 5-ти т. Москва: Мысль, 1999. Т. 2. С. 240–274.

Гуревич А. Я., Харитонович Д. Э. История Средних веков. Москва: МБА, 2008. 320 с.

Егер О. Всемирная история. Средние века. Москва: АСТ, 2006. 607 с.

История средних веков: В 2 т. / под ред. С. П. Карпова. Москва: МГУ, 2003. Т. 1. 640 с.

Кенигсбергер Г. Средневековая Европа. Москва: Весь мир, 1987. 374 с.

Коваленко Є. Я. Культура і мистецтво управління як основа сучасної філософії менеджменту. Вісник Національної академії керівних кадрів культури і мистецтв. 2017. № 3. С. 56–60.

Лютер М. 95 тезисов. Хрестоматия по истории средних веков: В 3-х т. / под ред. С. Д. Сказкина. Москва : Соцэкгиз, 1961. Т. 3. С. 208–211.

Мартинишин Я. М., Коваленко Є. Я. Менеджмент доіндустріального суспільства: теорія, історія, культура та мистецтво управління : монографія. Біла Церква: Вид. Пшонківський О. В., 2017. 230 с.

Мартинишин Я., Коваленко Є. Цивілізація у точці біфуркації: зародження нового соціального порядку і сучасної моделі управління політичною, економічною та соціокультурною сферами. Економіка і менеджмент культури. 2016. № 1. С. 5–32.

Падуанский М. Защитник мира. / пер. с фр. Москва: Дашков и Ко, 2014. 656 с.

Пачоли Л. Трактат о счетах и записях. / пер. с итал. Москва : Финансы и статистика, 1994. 320 с.

Свод канонического права папы Григория ХІІІ. Хрестоматия по истории средних веков: В 3-х т. / под ред. С. Д. Сказкина. Москва : Соцэкгиз, 1961. Т. 3. С. 121–132.

Энгельс Ф., Каутский К. Юридический социализм. Маркс К., Энгельс Ф. Собрание сочинений: В 50 т. Москва: Политиздат, 1961. Т. 21. С. 479–498.

Akvinskii, F. (1961). On the reign of sovereigns. Anthology on the history of the Middle Ages. S.D. Skazkin (Ed.). Moscow: Sotsekgiz, Vol. 3, 178-196 [in Russian].

Akvinskii, F. (1961). The sum against the Gentiles. Anthology on the history of the Middle Ages. S.D. Skazkin (Ed.). Moscow: Sotsekgiz, Vol. 3, 159-177 [in Russian].

Akvinskii, F. (1961). The sum of theology. Anthology on the history of the Middle Ages. S.D. Skazkin (Ed.). Moscow: Sotsekgiz, Vol. 3 133–158 [in Russian].

Bekon, R. (2005). Favorites. (Trans. in Eng.). Moscow: Izdatel'stvo Frantsiskantsev [in Russian].

Veber, M. (1990). Protestant ethics and the spirit of capitalism. Selected works of M. Weber. (Trans. in Germ.). Moscow: Progress, 61-272 [in Russian].

The World History of Economic Thought. (1987). V.N. Cherkovets, (Ed.). Moscow: Mysl'. Vol. 2 [in Russian].

Goff, Zh. (1992). Civilization of the medieval West. (Trans. in Fr.). Moscow: Progress [in Russian].

Gratsian, I. (1999). Harmonization of Dissenting Canons. Anthology of the world's legal thought. Moscow: Mysl', Vol. 2, 240-274 [in Russian].

Gurevich, A. Ia., & Kharitonovich, D. E. (2008). History of the Middle Ages. Moscow: MBA [in Russian].

Eger, O. (2006). World History. Middle Ages. Moscow: AST [in Russian].

History of the Middle Ages. (2003). S.P. Karpov, (Ed.). Moscow: MGU, Vol. 1 [in Russian].

Kenigsberger, G. (1987). Medieval Europe. Moscow: Ves' mir [in Russian].

Kovalenko, E. (2017). Culture and Art of Management as the Basis of Modern Management Philosophy. Visnyk Natsional'noi akademii kerivnykh kadriv kul'tury i mystetstv, 3, 56-60 [in Ukrainian].

Liuter, M. (1961). 95 theses. Anthology on the history of the Middle Ages. S.D. Skazkin, (Ed.). Moscow: Sotsekgiz, Vol. 3, 208-211 [in Russian].

Martynyshyn, Y. M., & Kovalenko, E. Y. (2017). Management of Preindustrial Society: Theory, History, Culture and Art of Management. Bila Tserkva: Pshonkivs'kyj O. V. [in Ukrainian].

Martynyshyn, Y. (2016). Civilization at the point of bifurcation: the emergence of a new social order and the modern model of management of political, economic and socio-cultural spheres. Ekonomika i menedzhment kul'tury, 1, 5-32 [in Ukrainian].

Paduanskii, M. (2014). Defender of Peace. (Trans. in Fr.). Moscow: Dashkov i Ko [in Russian].

Pacholi, L. (1994). Treatise on Accounts and Records. (Trans. in Ital.). Moscow: Finansy i statistika [in Russian].

The Code of Canonical Law of Pope Gregory XIII. Anthology on the history of the Middle Ages. (1961). S.D. Skazkin, (Ed.). Moscow: Sotsekgiz, Vol. 3, 121-132 [in Russian].

Engel's, F., & Kautskii, K. (1961). Legal socialism. Marx K., Engels F. Collected Works. Moscow: Politizdat, Vol. 21, 479-498 [in Russian].