The features of combined skull traumas
Keywords:combined trauma, traumatic brain injury, polytrauma department, emergency hospital
Combined trauma is a topical medico-social problem of the society, one of actual problems of medicine. Interest to her has especially grown lately in connection with increase of quantity of victims with such kinds of damages.
Methods. Case records of 5482 patients with combined traumatic brain injury from which at 2724 (46, 66 %) the scull trauma, were on treatment in polytrauma department in the Kharkov city emergence hospital during the period with 2010 on 2014 has been established and analyzed.
Result. Trauma as a result of road accident have received from 44,7 to 50,2 % of victims, at falling from height a trauma have received from 12,5 to 17,4 % of patients. The parity to a sexual sign in different years remains at one level and made: 68, 4–71, 7 % of men and 31, 6–28, 3 % of women accordingly. Victims of young and middle age make the most part. Alcohol in blood at receipt has been found out in 32, 5 % of victims, and at patients with an easy combined traumatic brain injury this indicator has made 25, 3 %, and with heavy combined scull trauma alcohol in blood has been found out in patients in 37, 2 % of cases.
Conclusions. It is shown that skull-skeleton, skull-thoracic and skull-multiply traumas play the leading role in structure of light traumas, and skull-multiply trauma play the leading role in hard multiply skull trauma and it needs more attention from doctors of all specialties
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