Social work and education <p>Social Work and Education is a quaterly international academic open access journal published in print and online versions by Centre of Social Development and Innovations and Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatyuk National Pedagogical University, dedicated to advancing analysis of the theory and practice of social work, social care, social welfare, social work education and social politics at all levels. It presents a forum for international debate on important issues and provides an opportunity for the expression of new ideas and proposals on the structure and content of social work, social care, social welfare and social work education, training and development. In this way, the journal makes a vital contribution to the development of social work and social work educational theory and practice in relation to social work and social care, social welfare, social politics promoting a set of standards in relation to the written presentation of ideas and experience which reflects the needs and requirements of both practice and education.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Founded: </strong>2015</p> <p><strong>Registered:</strong> Ministry of Justice of Ukraine, Certificate KB #22526-1242GP dated January 27, 2017</p> <p><strong>Recorded in the ISSN register: </strong>Social work and education.</p> <p><strong>Approved </strong>in category "B" in the <a href="">list of journals</a> by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (02.07.2020)</p> <p><span class="HwtZe" lang="en"><em><span class="jCAhz ChMk0b"><span class="ryNqvb">Specialties: </span></span></em></span><span class="HwtZe" lang="en"><span class="jCAhz ChMk0b"><span class="ryNqvb">231 - Social work;</span></span></span> <span class="HwtZe" lang="en"><span class="jCAhz ChMk0b"><span class="ryNqvb">011 - Educational and pedagogical sciences;</span></span> <span class="jCAhz ChMk0b"><span class="ryNqvb">015 - Professional education (by specialization);</span></span> </span></p> <p><strong>Cofounder:</strong> Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatyuk National Pedagogical University (TNPU), Center of Social Development and Innovations</p> <p><strong>Publisher: </strong>Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatyuk National Pedagogical University (TNPU)</p> <p><span class="HwtZe" lang="en"><span class="jCAhz ChMk0b"><span class="ryNqvb"><strong>Languages:</strong> Ukrainian, English</span></span></span></p> <p> </p> <p><span class="HwtZe" lang="en"><span class="jCAhz ChMk0b"><span class="ryNqvb"><strong>Indexed and listed in: <a title="Index Copernicus IC" href="">Index Copernicus IC</a>, <a title="Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine" href=";I21DBN=JRN&amp;P21DBN=JRN&amp;S21STN=1&amp;S21REF=10&amp;S21FMT=fullwebr&amp;C21COM=S&amp;S21CNR=20&amp;S21P01=0&amp;S21P02=0&amp;S21P03=I=&amp;S21COLORTERMS=0&amp;S21STR=%D0%96101779">Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine, </a><a title="DOAJ" href="">DOAJ,</a> <a title="World Cat" href="">World Cat,</a><a title="Cite Factor" href=""> Cite Factor</a>, <a title="SJIF" href="">SJIF</a>, Google Scholar<br /></strong></span></span></span></p> Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatyuk National Pedagogical University en-US Social work and education 2520-6451 <p>Social Work and Education is an open access journal. Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ul> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ul> Methodology of blended learning of future social workers’ professionally oriented communication in english The article substantiates the methodology of blended learning of professionally oriented oral communication for future social workers in English. In the context of the study, blended learning is defined as a technology that provides a balanced combination of traditional classroom learning, online and offline self-study, as well as online synchronous interaction for students to master the necessary knowledge, skills and abilities in the shortest possible time for the purpose of effective intercultural communication in typical professional situations. Blended learning involves: practical training in the classroom, synchronous forms (virtual classes, instant messaging), asynchronous forms (joint creation of documents, e-mail, forums). The expediency of using two models of blended learning – the rotational model in the variant of changing stations and the model of flipped learning – is substantiated. The stages of blended learning are allocated: preparatory, aimed at developing lexical, grammatical, phonetic listening and speaking skills, familiarisation with learning and communication strategies, speech formulas inherent in monologue-message and monologue-explanation, as well as dialogue-agreement and dialogue-discussion; receptive-reproductive, aimed at analysing information, developing skills of introductory, selective and detailed listening, skills of prepared spoken production and spoken interaction, skills of using learning and communication strategies; productive, which involves improving communication skills in communication situations using selected communication strategies and tactics. A system of exercises correlating with the identified stages is proposed. The effectiveness of the author's methodology has been proved experimentally. The obtained results related to first-year students who are not autonomous enough. It is assumed that the results were different for students of senior years, who probably have a higher level of academic autonomy. Anastasiia Malota Copyright (c) 2023 Анастасія Малота 2023-11-26 2023-11-26 10 3 10.25128/2520-6230.23.3.13 Reintegration potential of veterans as a factor of successful reintegration of them into society The article examines the main components that determine the reintegration potential of veterans. The results of a practical study implemented in the form of a questionnaire of veterans who have experience in the ATO/OS mission and those who had no previous experience of combat operations before a full-scale invasion are presented. A specially conducted survey among members of veterans' families is seen as an important social indicator of the problem. The results of this survey identify the main needs of veterans that make it difficult for them to fully return to civilian life and, accordingly, limit their opportunities for successful reintegration. Special attention is paid to eight key areas of life activity, which are used as a basis for analyzing the impact on society. The purpose of the article is to study the complex of mechanisms of social reintegration of veterans to assess the reintegration potential of a certain category of citizens. The main tasks are defined as follows: to analyze the leading scientific experience on the problem of formulating and researching the concept of "social reintegration of veterans" in the system of categories used in sociology and social work; determine the structure of veterans' reintegration activities, which ensures the harmonious existence of veterans in society; find out the criteria that can be used to assess the reintegration potential of veterans; to determine the main problems of reintegration of veterans and outline ways to solve them. To achieve the goal and solve the identified tasks of the research, theoretical, empirical and statistical methods of research and data processing were used. The conclusions identify the most urgent needs of veterans, the low level of satisfaction of which reduces the reintegration potential of this category of citizens, outline the main problems that need to be solved in order to increase the reintegration potential of veterans. The novelty of the research consists in determining the reintegration potential of veterans based on a societal approach to the assessment of the reintegration process. Tetiana Zakharina Copyright (c) 2023 Тетяна Захаріна 2023-10-14 2023-10-14 10 3 263 275 10.25128/2520-6230.23.3.1 The digitalization of social services in response to the war in Ukraine The article examines the digitalization process of social services in response to the war in Ukraine. The research results prove that although the war in Ukraine is continuing, technologies positively influence the work of social providers and government / non-government organizations. Through mixed method study that incorporated qualitative analysis of the existing digital platforms that produce social services as well as an online-based quantitative study with NGO representatives and social workers (N=14) providing social services for IDPs and refugees, the authors support the argument that digitalization of social services promotes the social protection of IDPs and refugees. However, technology is a tool. Its outcomes depend on the needs it is expected to meet, the goals it is deployed to pursue, and the specific ways it is designed and implemented. The author's question of whether digitalization has not only the advantages of using digitalization in providing social services remains for discussion. Nevertheless, digitalization can pose severe risks for already vulnerable groups. The research explores the challenges and risks of the increasing digitalization of social services, such as a lack of interpersonal contact with clients, the inability to develop social work relationships, identify surface and deeper feelings, and the disability to convey accurate empathy, respect, and contact with clients. Keywords: digitalization, social services, internally displaced people (IDPs), refugees, non-government organizations (NGOs), the war in Ukraine. Kateryna Ihnatenko Shorena Sadzaglishvili Copyright (c) 2023 Катерина Ігнатенко, Шорена  Садзаглішвілі 2023-10-14 2023-10-14 10 3 10.25128/2520-6230.23.3.2 Transforming Care: Individual Social Work in Post-Conflict Zones for Children and Youth. The significance of efficient social service provision has gained increased attention in war-affected regions following the Russia-Ukraine war conflict. The conventional method of establishing social services is currently facing criticism due to an increasing acknowledgment of the advantages associated with tailored and customised social work interventions, particularly in the context of children and young individuals. The article explores the notion of deinstitutionalization, emphasising its importance in post-conflict areas and emphasising the value of a personalised social work approach in promoting the welfare of children and young people impacted by the Russia-Ukraine war conflict. The present article is grounded in a comprehensive conceptual review of pertinent literature, encompassing books, journals, and related scholarly articles within the specific field of study. Research has endeavoured to ascertain the challenges and ramifications associated with the implementation of institutionalised social work practices. This study has also explored the potential pragmatic benefits of personalised social work interventions in areas of conflict, particularly focusing on children and adolescents. This article could also elucidate the key factors that should be taken into account while engaging with individuals, particularly children and young people, in regions characterised by war. The comprehensive endeavour would serve as a valuable resource for further examination, particularly in relation to the use of a personalised social work approach within the specific circumstances of recurrent invasions and civil conflicts. M.A. Suhel Vinay Kumar Copyright (c) 2023 Мувафак А.Сухель, Віней Кумар 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 10 3 306 314 10.25128/2520-6230.23.3.4 The USA experience in social work with the LGBTQ+ community: conclusions for Ukraine Today, representatives of the LGBTQ+ community are the category of clients of social workers who need increased attention due to a number of related problems and lack of experience in social work with them. The taboo of the existence of LGBTQ+, the existence of stereotypes and discrimination against them, the possibility of developing depression or suicidal tendencies determine the relevance of the discussed topic. The purpose of the article is to analyze the experience of social work with representatives of the LGBTQ+ community in the USA and to develop a recommendation for the development of this direction of social work in Ukraine. The authors made a short tour of the formation of social work with sexual minorities in the USA, emphasized the importance of active public support in the struggle for the observance of rights and the formation of a tolerant attitude towards representatives of the LGBTQ+ community. The main techniques of working with LGBTQ+ clients are described: individual counseling, group support, work with families and the closest environment. The basic principles of gay positive practice (GAP) implementation are also revealed: emotional and intellectual competence, practical environment, respectful language, use of open-ended questions. Problematic moments in the practice of social work with the LGBTQ+ community in the USA have been identified. The current state of social work with the LGBTQ+ community in Ukraine is characterized by a critical analysis of existing legislation and existing practices. Recommendations for improving the process of social support for this population category have been developed, taking into account the experience of the USA. Olena Faichuk Svitlana Surgova Copyright (c) 2023 Олена Файчук, Світлана Сугова 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 10 3 315 324 10.25128/2520-6230.23.3.5 Challenges of the humanitarian crisis during the war in Ukraine for internally displaced people and other vulnerable groups <p>The article examines the challenges associated with the humanitarian crisis against the backdrop of a full-scale war in Ukraine. Emphasis is placed on researching the impact of these challenges on internally displaced persons and other vulnerable groups. The purpose of the study is to analyze the issues of the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine and its impact on internally displaced persons and other vulnerable groups. Accordingly, the following tasks are defined: to reveal the main characteristics of the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine; to analyze the challenges related to the impact of the humanitarian crisis on IDPs and other vulnerable groups; to provide recommendations on further solutions to these challenges based on existing practices. The concept of a humanitarian crisis, its signs, and specific signs in the Ukrainian context are analyzed. Statistical data related to the impact of the humanitarian crisis on vulnerable groups are presented and compared. Issues with limited access to help vulnerable groups are analyzed in detail. The specific challenges of the humanitarian crisis for women and children, as well as people with disabilities, are given. The main challenges include loss of access to public services, provision of decent living conditions, employment, and access to education. The impact of the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine on the aggravation of crises in other countries and the challenges associated with these processes are studied. The most popular practices for overcoming the humanitarian crisis are considered. The conclusions confirm that the existing practices used by international organizations to overcome the humanitarian crisis are characterized by insufficient efficiency. </p> Olena Shevchenko Copyright (c) 2023 Олена Шевченко 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 10 3 325 335 10.25128/2520-6230.22.3.6 Professional self-development of a person as the evolution of his subject potential <p>In the article, professional self-development is considered as a human activity during which subject potential changes. This allows you to see the logic of the formation of the personality of the profession in a new way. Data from sociological research served as the basis for revealing the specifics of work motivation of young people at the stage of professional self-determination, professional self-actualization, and professional self-realization. The contradiction between external and internal motivational and value factors of professional self-development is revealed. The dynamism of the socio-economic situation of modern Ukrainian society requires professional flexibility from a person. Professional self-actualization today does not look like a linear process of achievements within the once chosen profession. Motivation for constant growth and self-improvement ensures professional mobility: professional development, development of related specialties, and, if necessary, a change of profession. A person realizes his vocation to be himself in various fields of activity - industrial, scientific, artistic, managerial, pedagogical and others, the basis of which is work. For the professional self-actualization of an individual, labor activity is fundamental. The understanding of work as a sphere of human self-actualization leads to the need to create such a quality of working life that would contribute to a person's disclosure of his subjects. A person is not simply "integrated" into the system of labor relations as an object, a kind of "screw", but reveals himself as a subject of a specific professional activity, with certain requirements for work, aimed at satisfying a wide range of needs and actualizing abilities. A person's labor activity, which is especially characterized by joint work with other people, allows meeting various social needs of a person in cognition, communication, developing cognitive, communicative and other abilities. The proposed approach is of great importance not only for the theory of professional self-development of the individual, but also for solving practical tasks of increasing the effectiveness of professional education.</p> Maryna Voloshenko Copyright (c) 2023 Марина Волошенко 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 10 3 336 347 10.25128/2520-6230.23.3.7 Development of dual (vocational) education in Ukraine before and during the full-scale invasion of the russian federation in Ukraine <p>The article focuses on the analysis of the main aspects of the implementation and development of dual education in Ukraine. The stages of establishment and challenges of functioning of the dual education in Ukraine before and during the full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation in Ukraine are analyzed. It was determined that dual education has the potential to solve significant problems of the modern economy and provides the opportunity to satisfy the personnel shortage through the practical training of young specialists needed for the labor market. The article aims to analyze the challenges of implementing dual education and its advantages for all participants of such partnership, especially during a full-scale war, which led to a personnel shortage, and at the beginning of the reconstruction processes in Ukraine. Methodology. To solve this scientific problem, the following methods were applied: desk research, namely, generalization, synthesis of existing research, comparative analysis and abstract-logical generalization. Results. The analysis of the problems and successes of the application of dual education until February 24, 2022, as well as the challenges faced by the educational process in general, and the implementation of dual education in particular after the beginning of the full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation in Ukraine, was carried out. It has been proven that the introduction of dual education is promising in terms of understanding and meeting the needs of employers, especially those who execute a state order, are involved in reconstruction processes or have been relocated. Graduates of dual education programs are more competitive in the labor market and can more easily get their first job or stay at the company where they received their on-the-job training. At the same time, the war changed the priorities of many enterprises that were involved in partnerships with vocational schools/universities, putting the need for survival and the restoration of stable production in the first place. Practical application. Universities can use the results of this study in order to increase their educational capacity via the implementation of dual education and increase their attractiveness in the eyes of education seekers accordingly; enterprises - to replenish and strengthen their personnel potential and replace those employees who went abroad or were mobilized to the ranks of the Armed Forces of Ukraine; by education seekers, in the case of involvement in the dual education programs, - to obtain practical skills and, in fact, the first place of work in difficult wartime situation and increasing unemployment.</p> Oleksii Didenko Copyright (c) 2023 Олексій Діденко 2023-10-14 2023-10-14 10 3 348 360 10.25128/2520-6230.23.3.8 Domestic and foreign experience of forming research competences of participants in the educational process The article examines the peculiarities of mutual education of pedagogical workers abroad. The forms of work on the formation of scientific and research competences of teachers in the European scientific school of the CERN nuclear research center are described. The directions of cooperation between CERN and the Minor Academy of Sciences through the operation of online schools for teachers, school and extra-curricular education workers have been determined. The directions of offline and online cooperation of representatives of the international scientific school in the United States of America at the Argonne National Laboratory and pedagogical workers of the national laboratory of the Minor Academy of Sciences are presented. For scientific schools, the peculiarities of the formation of scientific and research competences of teachers undergoing internship at the Argonne National Laboratory are indicated. The features of improving the qualifications of pedagogical workers in the countries of the European Union and the formation of their scientific and research competences for the purpose of further training of students in research activities in institutions of general secondary education are revealed. The reasons for the popularity of improving the qualifications of pedagogical workers in the countries of the European Union, which offer teachers to undergo internships on the basis of educational institutions for the purpose of forming their scientific and research competences, further training of students in research activities, are reflected. Innovations in the cooperation of the participants of the educational process in author's schools, scientific and pedagogical schools, which reflect the main world trends, are presented. In order to determine modern methods of formation of scientific and research competences of pedagogical workers, the methods of their professional growth, which are used in educational institutions abroad, were analyzed. Directions for improving the level of teaching of teachers in Austria due to the possibilities of the websites of educational institutions and the websites of the federal states have been identified. The principles of managing adult education, non-formal and informal education in Great Britain, Germany, and France are considered. Prospective directions for the organization of the activities of participants in the educational process have been determined. Nataliia Ivanytska Copyright (c) 2023 Наталія Іваніцька 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 10 3 361 370 10.25128/2520-6230.23.3.9 Implementation of ideas of humanism in alternative education: foreign experience In modern conditions, the trend of increasing demands on the education system regarding its compliance with the needs of society as a whole and the needs and requests of various categories of consumers of educational services is clearly observed. International practice has recognized that one of the ways to modernize the traditional education system is the introduction of alternative education. Therefore, in today's conditions, in many countries of the world, alternative education is not only formed and incorporated into the general education system; it acts as a significant factor in improving the traditional education system and its compliance with standards and requests of various categories of consumers of educational services. The modern realities of Ukraine, caused by Russia's full-scale war against our country, which caused large internal displacement of Ukrainian citizens, the departure of millions of them outside the country, a significant number of wounded and mentally traumatized, for whom the problem of choosing appropriate forms of education, development, life and of professional self-determination and self-realization, the necessity and expediency of modernizing the existing education system are put on the agenda with particular urgency. Authors analyzed the content of scientific definitions of alternative pedagogy, alternative education, forms of alternative education; the potential possibilities of alternative education are revealed; the leading strategies underlying the activity of foreign alternative educational institutions (bricolage, visualization, plurality of intelligence and transdisciplinarity) are characterized. The peculiarities of the functioning of individual alternative education institutions are revealed, which deserve special attention regarding the introduction of conceptual ideas of their functioning in the educational space of Ukraine with the aim of humanizing the education system in Ukraine and creating favorable conditions for the development, life and professional self-determination and self-realization of all members of society, especially children and youth. Vira Polishchuk Oksana Pryshlyak Copyright (c) 2023 Віра Поліщук, Оксана Пришляк 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 10 3 371 381 10.25128/2520-6230.23.3.10 Theoretical and practical aspects of professional image formation in the process of development of professional speaking competence of college students The article updates the problem of professional image formation in the process of developing the professional speech competence of college students. It is emphasized that the study of the student’s image is especially relevant today. It is up-to-date as the requirements for the future professional, as for a modern competitive specialist, are constantly growing. There are analyzed modern scientific approaches to the interpretation of the concepts of “image” and "professional image". It was found that the professional image is the image that must be created purposefully and consciously in order to achieve professional and personal goals, professional growth and self-development. There are defined structural components of the specialist’s image: external, procedural and internal. The external component includes facial expressions, gestures, timbre and strength of voice, clothes, manners, gait. Appearance can create a positive mood at work. Or on the contrary, it can hinder understanding, facilitating or hindering communication and interaction between people. The procedural component of the image is specified by such forms of communication as professionalism, plasticity, expressiveness, etc. The internal component is focused on the inner world of a person, ideas about his spiritual and intellectual development, values, interests, personality in general. It was concluded that a characteristic feature of image training is its communicative orientation. That is why the article proposes to use educational methods focused on contact and interaction. It ensures the construction of a dialogue, in the formation of the professional image of junior professional bachelors. It is suggested using training and dialogue, among the most effective forms of interactive training of college students. The article presents the training “Professional image” aimed at forming a certain image in the process of developing the professional speech competence of college students. It includes verbal and non-verbal parts. The developed training is designed for eight lessons, which do not exclude invariance. They can be replaced, shortened and included in the structure of any lesson from various educational disciplines, in particular “Psychology” or “Ukrainian language (for professional direction”. Olga Soroka Svitlana Kalaur Copyright (c) 2023 Ольга Сорока, Світлана Калаур 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 10 3 382 392 10.25128/2520-6230.23.3.11 The potential of innovative technologies in the formation of professional culture in future managers in the process of professional training in institutions of higher education The article updates the need to research the potential of innovative technologies in the formation of professional culture among future managers in the process of professional training in institutions of higher education. It is noted that the professional culture includes various models of behavior in the conditions of professional activity, as well as such aspects of the general culture of the individual as literacy, competence, spirituality, tolerance, etc. The structural components of the manager's professional culture are characterized: personal, cognitive, operational. Attention is focused on the fact that the formation of the professional culture of managers is a rather complex process, since in the course of performing his duties, the manager simultaneously acts as both a subject and an object of management. Innovative technologies that can be successfully used in the process of forming the professional culture of a future manager in a higher education institution include empowerment and resilience. pragmatic aspects of management, and socio-psychological, personal components of professional activity. It was concluded that the empowerment-approach in training a manager allows to activate his strong personal and professional sides, to increase managerial efficiency in social interactions, to form resistance to professional burnout; the use of resilience technology ensures the absence of deviations in the adaptation and trajectory of the future manager's professional development, the stability of his functioning in extreme situations, the prevention of psychological disorders, in particular, emotional burnout. Mykhailo Yatsura Copyright (c) 2023 Михайло Яцура 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 10 3 393 400 10.25128/2520-6230.23.3.12