Assessment of social losses of pollution's health caused by man-made pollution of atmospheric air with emissions of particulate matters (PM10).

Ye. I. Turos, A. A. Petrosian, A. N. Davidenko

Abstract


According to available estimates, about 3% of lethal outcomes from cardiac-pulmonary pathology and 5% from lung cancer are related to the impact of patriculate matters (PM). In the course of the study there were assessed social losses of population’s health (additional death cases) caused by risk conditions of atmospheric air pollution with PM of various air-dynamic diameter (PM10), proper to emissions of various industrial enterprises. It was established that 90% of population of cities under study live under high exposures (≥50 µg/m3) health and risks for population (IRM=10-3÷10-4), caused by PM10emissions. Results showed that metallurgical industry is responsible for 7,2 to 2193 additional mortality cases. The impact of machine building enterprises – from 0.06 to 21 cases; coke and chemical – from 1.5 to 36 cases; mining – from 1.1 to 14,6 cases. The findings revealed 0.6 % increase in lifetime mortality for each 10 µg/m3 in 24-hour average PM10 concentration. Based on research outcomes, a set of instruments was developed for implementation of air pollution risk management programs aimed at mitigation of health risks from (PM10) in highly exposed groups.

Keywords


particulate matter; human health risk assessment; social losses; risk management

Full Text:

PDF

References


Turos OI, Davydenko HM, Petrosian AA. et al. [Social health loss due to industrial air pollution]. Ak­tualni pytannia zakhystu dovkillia ta zdorovia naselennia Ukrainy: rezultaty naukovykh rozrobok. 2015;8-34. Uk­rainian.

Air quality guidelines – global update 2005. WHO Regional Office forEurope.Copenhagen, 2006;484.

CMH. Macroeconomics and Health: Investing in Health for Economic Development.Geneva, 2001;210. Available from: http://libdoc.who.int/publications/2001/­924154550X.pdf.

Kenessariyev U, Brody M, Golub A, et al. Cost of Air pollution inKazakhstan: Human Health Risk Assessment. Journal of Environmental Protection. 2013;4:869-876.

Environment and Human Health: Joint EEA-JRS re­port. European Environment Agency.Copenhagen, 2013;112.

Framework plan for the development of mo­nitoring of particulate matter in EECCA. WHO European Centre for Environment and Health.Bonn, 2006;40.

Health risks of air pollution inEurope– HRAPIE: technical report. WHO Regional Office forEurope.Copenhagen, 2014;65.

Human health risk assessment. [Electronic resource]. Available from: https://www.epa.gov/risk/hu­man-health-risk-assessment.

Report on the European Environment and Health Pro­cess (2010-2013). WHO Regional Office forEurope.Geneva, 2013;21.

Review of evidence on health aspects of air pollution – REVIHAAP: technical report. WHO Regional Office forEurope.Copenhagen, 2013;302.


GOST Style Citations


  1. Соціальні втрати здоров’я населення, обумов­лені промисловим забрудненням атмосферного по­вітря / О.І. Турос, Г.М. Давиденко, А.А. Петросян [та ін.] // Актуальні питання захисту довкілля та здоров’я населення України: результати наукових розробок 2014 р. – Київ, 2015. – С. 8-34.
  2. Air quality guidelines — global update 2005 / WHO Regional Office forEurope. –Copenhagen, 2006. – 484 p.
  3. CMH. Macroeconomics and Health: Investing in Health for Economic Development [Electronic resource]. –Geneva, 2001. – 210 p. – Mode of access: http://lib­doc.who.int/publications/2001/924154550X.pdf.
  4. Cost of Air pollution inKazakhstan: Human Health Risk Assessment / U. Kenessariyev, M. Brody, A. Golub [et al.] // J. Environmental Protection. – 2013. – N 4. – P. 869-876.
  5. Environment and Human Health: Joint EEA-JRS report / European Environment Agency. –Copenhagen, 2013. – 112 p.
  6. Framework plan for the development of mo­ni­toring of particulate matter in EECCA / WHO European Centre for Environment and Health.– Bonn, 2006. – 40 c. 
  7. Health risks of air pollution in Europe – HRAPIE: technical report / WHO Regional Office forEurope. –Copenhagen, 2014. – 65 p.
  8. Human health risk assessment [Electronic resource]. Mode of access: https://www.epa.gov/­risk/hu­man-health-risk-assessment.
  9. Report on the European Environment and Health Process (2010-2013) / WHO Regional Office forEurope. –Geneva, 2013. – 21 р.
  10. Review of evidence on health aspects of air pollution – REVIHAAP: technical report / WHO Regio­nal Office forEurope. –Copenhagen, 2013. – 302 p.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.