The use of trypsin-like blood activity as a marker of pulmonary fibrosis severity.

V. V. Rodionova, O. V. Karaseva

Abstract


Purpose – to determine changes in the trypsin-like blood activity and its relationship with acute phase indices of inflammation in patients with pulmonary fibrosis (PF) as a marker of course severity and prognosis of the disease. Materials and Methods: The study included 18 patients: 15 (83%) women and 3 (17%) men, mean age 53±2.5 years. The control group included 15 practically healthy persons. All the examined patients (n=18) were divided into two groups: with mild or moderately severe PF – 8 (44.4%) patients (group I), severe PF – 10 (55.6%) of patients (group II). Duration of the disease - from 1 month. up to 4 years. Patients underwent clinic-laboratory and anthropometric studies, a mMRC questionnaire was used, blood saturation was measured, lung radiography in 2 projections, echocardiography, and if necessary a high-resolution computer tomography etc were performed. Results and discussion: More than half of the patients were overweight (44,4%) or had obesity of І-ІІІ st. (27.8%). The severity of dyspnea according to mMRC scale was 3.0 (3.0-4.0) points in patients of group II and 2.5 (2.0-3.0) points in patients of group I. There was a decrease in C-reactive protein (CRP) in group I and a tendency to increase in patients of group II. When analyzing the indicator of trypsin-like blood activity (TLA), it was found that the median TLA at the beginning of the observation was twice as high as in healthy individuals, direct correlation was established between the level of TLA and the severity of the disease course. After treatment the level of TLA decreased in group I patients. In the severe course of PF, the average TLA level remained high. The progredient course of LF is characterized by severe clinical symptoms, a significant increase in TLA, CRP, reduced O2 saturation, a lack of response to treatment and an unfavorable prognosis. The TLA index can be used as a biochemical marker of the severity of PF along with the CRPindex, O2 saturation and the degree of dyspnoea.


Keywords


pulmonary fibrosis (PF); biomarkers; trypsin-like activity of blood

References


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GOST Style Citations


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26641/2307-0404.2018.2(part1).129516

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