Treatment and prophylaxis of moderate and severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature neonates

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26641/2307-0404.2021.3.241961

Keywords:

bronchopulmonary dysplasia, premature, neonates, newborns, respiratory support, prophylaxis

Abstract

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature neonates leads to physical and mental developmental disorders and behavioral problems and associated with frequent rehospitalizations and long hospital stay. Study objective: to study the predictors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia development in premature neonates in structure of intensive care. Study design: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed in 127 children recruited from two NICU of Dnipro between January 2016 to March 2020. Inclusion criteria: preterm neonates 28-32 gestation weeks with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Results demonstrated that every day of mechanical ventilation, supplemental oxygen with FiO2 more than 30% and cardiac drugs usage increased risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia development by 15-20%. In conclusion, finding out predictors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia helps to improve  and prudently use usual treatment regimens in premature neonates and decrease the frequency of moderate and severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

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Published

2021-09-30

How to Cite

1.
Bolonska A, Sorokina O. Treatment and prophylaxis of moderate and severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature neonates. Med. perspekt. [Internet]. 2021Sep.30 [cited 2022Jan.26];26(3):84-93. Available from: http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/2307-0404/article/view/241961

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CLINICAL MEDICINE