Evolution of the health-related activity of the trade unions of Galicia in the early-XIX XX centuries

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26641/2307-0404.2021.3.242319

Keywords:

medicine, trade union, society, physicians, protection

Abstract

Based on the prin­ciple of historicism, systematic analysis, scientific and objective approach, the article analyzes the evolution and shows the activities of the Galician trade unions in health-related activity. The current state and development of historiography of the issue is shown, the history of the medical and trade union movement is studied, it is proved that common problems for all segments of the population became the main event among the trade unions of the early-XIX XX centuries. These issues provide significant material for the scientific study of other key issues of the complex history of Galicia in the Austro-Hungarian period, in particular: the organization of health care, medical education, governance, economic and social development, the rise of the Ukrainian national movement and the like. In the conditions of building democratic institutions of independent Ukraine, the analysis and accumulation of historical experience have not only scientific, but also cognitive, ideological-political and especially applied, practical significance. Almost any professional organization has tried to protect its members in some way. In early 1867, doctors in Lviv recognized the need to create their own professional association to organize social protection, to create a fund to support sick, infirm and impoverished colleagues, as well as their widows and orphans. Thus, it was decided to establish a separate Medical Society. In accordance with the provisions of the statute, the purpose of the Society of Galician Physicians was to work together on the development of medicine, primarily in the direction of its practical application, taking into account the relations of the population as a whole; promoting a spirit of cohesion and friendship between health professionals to jointly oversee medical affairs; providing material assistance to impoverished colleagues, families of deceased colleagues. Similar tasks were set by the societies of printers, weavers, and oil refiners. All of them were united by the medical and health-improving activity.

References

Berest IR, Berest RYa, Pasichnyk MS, Savchuk HM, Oliynyk MA. [Analysis of the statute and the first year of the activities of «Lviv society of Halician physicians» («Towаrzystwo lekarzów Galicyjskich»)]. Medicnі perspektivi. 2020;2:168-76. Ukrainian. doi: https://doi:10.26641/2307-0404.2020.2.206799

Berest I. [Analysis of Lviv professional press of polygraphics at the example of tales «Czcionka» and «Przewodnik dla spraw drukarsko-litograficznych»]: Grani. 2017;20(11):17-21. Ukrainian. doi: https://doi:10.15421/1717142

Berest I. [Activity of the «Company of mutual aid of private customers» of Galicia is in 1848]. Naukovi zapysky Nacionalnogo universytetu «Ostrozka aka¬de¬miia». Serija «Istorychni nauky». 2018;27:51-56. Ukrainian. doi: https://doi:10.25264/2409-6806-2018-27-51-56

Berest I. [Lviv printings general professional assosiation of mutual assistance in 1856-1867. Analysis of activity]: Grani. 2018;21(11):6-13. Ukrainian. doi: https://doi.org/10.15421/1718146

Berest I. [History of trade unions of Ukraine (Eastern Galicia 1817-1918)]. Lviv: Levada; 2017. p. 768. Ukrainian.

Berest R. [Essays of history of trade-union motion are in Western Ukraine (1817-1939)]. Drogobich: Vіdrodzhennya; 1995. p. 126. Ukrainian.

Berest I. [Strike struggle with the participation of trade unions in Eastern]: Grani. 2017;20(10):115-20. Ukrainian. doi: https://doi:10.15421/1717140

[Białyna Józef Kholodiecki is a Polish historian]. Central State Historical Archive of Ukraine in Lviv. Stock. 82. Descrip. 1. p. 15. Ukrainian.

[Dilo]. 1888 Feb 22;3. Ukrainian.

[Dilo]. 1898 Feb 20;2. Ukrainian.

[Dilo]. 1902 Mar 18;2. Ukrainian.

[Drohobych circuitous mountain management]. Central State Historical Archive of Ukraine in Lviv. Stock. 861. Descrip. 1. p. 129. Ukrainian.

Kotlobulatova I. [Bookstores and bookstores in the past of Lviv]. Lviv: Avers; 2005. p. 240. Ukrainian.

[Shevchenko Scientific Society]. Central State Historical Archive of Ukraine in Lviv. Stock. 309. Des¬crip. 1. p. 217. Ukrainian.

Bal S. [Towarzystwo wzajemnej pomocy Oficyalistów prywatnych w pierwszych 25 latach swego istnienia (1868-1892)]; 1893. p. 131. Polish.

Berest I, Berest R. Relations of the East Galicia state institutions with professional unions of educators in the legal period (1868-1914). Problem space of modern society: philosophical-communicative and pedagogical interpretations. Part II; 2019. p. 668.

Bober A. [Historia drukarń i stowarzyszeń drukarskich we Lwowie]; 1926. p. 242. Polish.

Buniak P. [Zarys historychny organizacji drukarzy Lwowskich]. Ognisko. Jednodniówka; 1935. p. 3-16. Polish.

[Członkowie czynni zamiejscowi Towarzystwa lekarzów galicyjskich]. Rocznik Towarzystwa lekarzów galicyjskich za rok 1868. 1869;14-15. Polish.

[Dom zdrawia drukarzy]. Ognisko: czasopismo dla spraw drukarskich i pokrewnych zawodów. 1910;14:2. Polish.

Grek J, Ziembicki W. [Pół wieku rzut oka na kronikę towarzystwa lekarskiego lwowskiego (1877-1927)]; 1928. p. 26. Polish.

Mroczek M. [Gracja, gracjaliści, kasa przezorności, czyli o zabezpieczeniu emerytalnym pracowników ordynacji zamojskiej w latach 1864–1914]. Archiwariusz Zamojski. 2008;7:23-34. Polish.

Najdus W. [Polska Partia Socjalno-Demokratyczna Galicji i Śląska 1890-1919]; 1983. p. 718. Polish.

[Posiedzenia naukowe Towarzystwa lekarskiego lwowskigo w 1910 roku]; 1910. p. 15. Polish.

[Statuta Katolickiego Stowarzyszenia czeladzi rzemieślniczej «Skała» we Lwowie]; 1874. p. 12. Polish.

[Statuta Stowarzyszenia czynnej miłości bliźniego we Lwowie]; 1865. p. 24. Polish.

[Statuta Towarzystwa wzajemnej pomocy Oficyalistów prywatnych]; 1867. p. 18. Polish.

Published

2021-09-30

How to Cite

1.
Berest I, Berest R, Pasichnyk M, Pasichnyk S, Savchuk H, Strelbytska S. Evolution of the health-related activity of the trade unions of Galicia in the early-XIX XX centuries. Med. perspekt. [Internet]. 2021Sep.30 [cited 2022Jan.26];26(3):197-204. Available from: http://journals.uran.ua/index.php/2307-0404/article/view/242319

Issue

Section

SOCIAL MEDICINE