Psychologial components of the rehabilitation potential of specialists of low enforcement forces structures
Keywords:rehabilitation potential, psychological state, specialists of law enforcement forces, development, methodological approach, social support, psychological support
To study the rehabilitation potential of law enforcement officers and the process of its development, a verbal-communicative diagnostic method was used to collect information about subjects with depressive disorders using "Google Form". The study was conducted on the social network Facebook during 2020-2021. The study involved 452 people from the Central, Southern and Eastern regions of Ukraine aged 20 to 49 years with depressive disorders of the neurotic spectrum and 182 subjects without affective disorders. Socio-demographic features of the subjects with depressive disorders of different genesis are analyzed. It was found that women (54.51%) and subjects aged 30-49 years (70.0%) predominated among the surveyed. The majority of respondents are city dwellers (58.51%), with incomplete higher education (33.33%), mostly working and having family (with neurotic depression (54.95% and 51.65% respectively) and organic depression) (51.16% and 55.81%, respectively) and mostly unemployed and single (with endogenous depression) (59.14% and 58.06%, respectively). It was determined that among the factors of mental trauma in subjects with neurotic depression factors related to family and personal relationships (DC=3.32) dominated, in organic depression – with their own health (DC=2.08), in endogenous depression – factors of socio-psychological nature (DC=2.75). It was found that such factors as young age (20-29 years), higher education, living in the city, having a family, can be favorable factors for the formation of the rehabilitation potential of people with depressive disorders of various genesis. It was also determined that according to many socio-demographic indicators, subjects with neurotic disorders coincided with the respondents of the control group, which may indicate a higher level of rehabilitation potential of people with neurotic depression.
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