DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2313-8416.2015.52357

Методи ідентифікації та кількісного визначення Β-адреноблокаторів (огляд літератури)

Ольга Олександрівна Віслоус, Наталія Юріївна Бевз, Вікторія Акопівна Георгіянц

Аннотация


Кількість β-адреноблокаторів на фармацевтичному ринку з кожним роком збільшується, що потребує систематизації методик їх стандартизації.

Мета. Метою наших досліджень є вивчення літературних даних щодо методик ідентифікації та кількісного визначення β-адреноблокаторів різної направленості дії – селективної (практолол, метопролол, атенолол, ацебутолол, бетаксолол, бевантолол, бісопролол, целіпролол, есмолол, епанолол, есатенолол, небіволол, талінолол), неселективної (алпренолол, окспренолол, піндолол, пропранолол, тимолол, соталол, надолол, мепіндолол, картеол, тертатолол, бопіндолол, бупранолол, пенбутолол, клоранолол) та комбінованої (лабеталол, карведілол).

Методи. Аналітичний огляд літературних джерел інформації щодо дослідження β-адреноблокаторів фізичними, хімічним та фізико-хімічним методами аналізу.

Результати. У результаті аналізу літературних джерел встановлено, що для ідентифікації БАБ у фармакопейному аналізі в основному застосовують фізичні та фізико-хімічні константи, у судовому аналізі – як фізико-хімічні величини, так і хімічні реакції, результати яких наведені в роботі.

Встановлено, що для кількісної оцінки БАБ в аналізі субстанцій використовують титриметричні методи, найчастіше метод кислотно-основного титрування. Для виявлення β-адреноблокаторів у біологічних рідинах та лікарських формах, розділення суміші активних фармацевтичних інгредієнтів та метаболітів перевагу слід віддати фізико-хімічним методам, таким як газорідинна і рідинна хроматографія, абсорбційна спектрофотометрія в ультрафіолетовій та видимій областях, флюорометрія та інш.

Висновки. Приведені дані можуть бути застосовані для подальшого пошуку оптимальних методик ідентифікації та кількісного визначення β-адреноблокаторів як чистому вигляді, так і в суміші з іншими діючими та допоміжними речовинами


Ключевые слова


артеріальна гіпертензія; фармацевтичний аналіз; β-адреноблокатори; спектрофотометрія; хроматографія; субстанція; лікарські форми

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Литература


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