DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2313-8416.2016.58758

Photonic crystal fibers technologies and opportunities of development in telecommunications systems

Haider Ali Muse, Tatyana Dribnokhod

Abstract


Photonic crystal fibers compressors in fibre-laser systems allow the generation of output light pulses with a pulse width on the order of 100 fs in the megawatt range of peak powers. Thus, Photonic crystal fibers play the key role in the development of novel fibre-laser sources of ultrashort light pulses and creation of fibre-format components for the control of such pulses. In this paper we will discuss the photonic crystal fibers technology development opportunities in the field of communications systems


Keywords


photonic crystal; communications; propagation; dispersion; photonic crystal fibers

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References


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Schriever, O. (1920). Electromagnetic waves in dielectric wires. Ann. Phys., 63 (7), 645–673.

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Yablonovitch, E. (1987). Inhibited Spontaneous Emission in Solid-State Physics and Electronics. Physical Review Letters, 58 (20), 2059–2062. doi: 10.1103/physrevlett.58.2059

Yablonovitch, E., Gmitter, T., Leung, K. (1991). Photonic band structure: The face-centered-cubic case employing nonspherical atoms. Physical Review Letters, 67 (17), 2295–2298. doi: 10.1103/physrevlett.67.2295

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Johnson, S., Joannopoulos, J. (2001). Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell’s equations in a planewave basis. Optics Express, 8 (3), 173. doi: 10.1364/oe.8.000173

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Russell, P. (2003). Photonic Crystal Fibers. Science, 299 (5605), 358–362. doi: 10.1126/science.1079280

Knight, J. C., Broeng, J., Birks, T. A., Russell, P. S. J. (1998). Photonic Band Gap Guidance in Optical Fibers. Science, 282 (5393), 1476–1478. doi: 10.1126/science.282.5393.1476

Russell, P. S. J. (2006). Photonic-Crystal Fibers. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 24 (12), 4729–4749. doi: 10.1109/jlt.2006.885258

Cregan, R. F., Mangan, B. J., Knight, J. C., Birks, T. A., Russell, P. S. J., Roberts, P. J., Allan, D. C. (1999). Single-Mode Photonic Band Gap Guidance of Light in Air. Science, 285 (5433), 1537–1539. doi: 10.1126/science.285.5433.1537

Marcatili, E. A. J., Schmeltzer, R. A. (1964). Hollow Metallic and Dielectric Waveguides for Long Distance Optical Transmission and Lasers. Bell System Technical Journal, 43 (4), 1783–1809. doi: 10.1002/j.1538-7305.1964.tb04108.x

Zheltikov, A. M. (2004). Nonlinear optics of microstructure fibers. Physics-Uspekhi, 47 (1), 69–98. doi: 10.1070/pu2004v047n01abeh001731

Knight, J. C., Birks, T. A., Russell, P. S. J., Atkin, D. M. (1996). All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding. Optics Letters, 21 (19), 1547. doi: 10.1364/ol.21.001547

Gfeller, F. R., Bapst, U. (1979). Wireless in-house data communication via diffuse infrared radiation. Proceedings of the IEEE, 67 (11), 1474–1486. doi: 10.1109/proc.1979.11508


GOST Style Citations


1. Hondros, D. Electromagnetic waves along long cylinders of dielectric [Text] / D. Hondros, P. Debye // Ann. Phys. – 1910. – Vol. 32, Issue 3. – P. 465–476.

2. Schriever, O. Electromagnetic waves in dielectric wires [Text] / O. Schriever // Ann. Phys. – 1920. – Vol. 63, Issue 7. – P. 645–673.

3. Kapany, N. S. Fiber Optics. Principles and Applications [Text] / N. S. Kapany. – Academic Press, New York, 1967. – 447 p.

4. Kapron, F. P. RADIATION LOSSES IN GLASS OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES [Text] / F. P. Kapron // Applied Physics Letters. – 1970. – Vol. 17, Issue 10. – P. 423. doi: 10.1063/1.1653255

5. Miya, T. Ultimate low-loss single-mode fibre at 1.55 μm [Text] / T. Miya, Y. Terunuma, T. Hosaka, T. Miyashita // Electronics Letters. – 1979. – Vol. 15, Issue 4. – P. 106. doi: 10.1049/el:19790077

6. Adams, M. J. An Introduction to Optical Waveguides [Text] / M. J. Adams. – John Wiley & Sons, 1981. – 401 p.

7. Yablonovitch, E. Inhibited Spontaneous Emission in Solid-State Physics and Electronics [Text] / E. Yablonovitch // Physical Review Letters. – 1987. – Vol. 58, Issue20. – P. 2059–2062. doi: 10.1103/physrevlett.58.2059

8. Yablonovitch, E. Photonic Band Structure: The Face-Centered-Cubic Case Employing Nonspherical Atoms [Text] / E. Yablonovitch, T. J. Gmitter, K. M. Leung // Physical Review Letters. – 1991. – Vol. 67, Issue 17. – P. 2295–2298. doi: 10.1103/physrevlett.67.2295

9. Chan, C. T. New structures and algorithms for photonic band gaps [Text] / C. T. Chan, S. Datta, Q. L. Yu, M. Sigalas, K. M. Ho, C. M. Soukoulis // Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications. – 1994. – Vol. 211, Issue 4. – P. 411–419. doi: 10.1016/0378-4371(94)00133-2

10. Johnson, S. Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell’s equations in a planewave basis [Text] / S. Johnson, J. Joannopoulos // Optics Express. – 2001. – Vol. 8, Issue 3. – P. 173. doi: 10.1364/oe.8.000173

11. Anderson, M. Observation of Bose-Einstein Condensation in a Dilute Atomic Vapor [Text] / M. H. Anderson, J. R. Ensher, M. R. Matthews, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell // Science. – 1995. – Vol. 269, Issue 5221. – P. 198–201. doi: 10.1126/science.269.5221.198

12. Russell, P. Photonic Crystal Fibers [Text] / P. Russell // Science. – 2003. – Vol. 299, Issue 5605. – P. 358–362. doi: 10.1126/science.1079280

13. Knight, J. C. Photonic Band Gap Guidance in Optical Fibers [Text] / J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell // Science. – 1998. – Vol. 282, Issue 5393. – P. 1476–1478. doi: 10.1126/science.282.5393.1476

14. Russell, P. S. J. Photonic-Crystal Fibers [Text] / P. S. J. Russell // Journal of Lightwave Technology. – 2006. – Vol. 24, Issue 12. – P. 4729–4749. doi: 10.1109/jlt.2006.885258

15. Cregan, R. F. Single-Mode Photonic Band Gap Guidance of Light in Air [Text] / R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, D. C. Allan // Science. – 1999. – Vol. 285, Issue 5433. – P. 1537–1539. doi: 10.1126/science.285.5433.1537

16. Marcatili, E. A. J. Hollow Metallic and Dielectric Waveguides for Long Distance Optical Transmission and Lasers [Text] / E. A. J. Marcatili, R. A. Schmeltzer // Bell System Technical Journal. – 1964. – Vol. 43, Issue 4. – P. 1783–1809. doi: 10.1002/j.1538-7305.1964.tb04108.x

17. Zheltikov, A. M. Nonlinear optics of microstructure fibers [Text] / A. M. Zheltikov // Physics-Uspekhi. – 2004. – Vol. 47, Issue 1. – P. 69–98. doi: 10.1070/pu2004v047n01abeh001731

18. Knight, J. C. All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding [Text] / J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin // Optics Letters. – 1996. – Vol. 21, Issue 19. – 1547. doi: 10.1364/ol.21.001547

19. Gfeller, F. R. Wireless in-house communication via diffuse infrared radiation [Text] / F. R. Gfeller, U. Bapst // Proceedings of the IEEE. – 1979. – Vol. 67, Issue 11. – P. 1474–1486. doi: 10.1109/proc.1979.11508







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