DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2313-8416.2016.63098

Comparative pulping of sunflower stalks

Valerii Barbash, Irina Trembus, Sergey Alushkin, Olga Yashchenko

Abstract


The procedure of holocellulose content determination in non-wood plant raw materials was developed. The strength properties of pulp obtained from sunflower stalks by neutral-sulphite, soda, alkaline sulphite-anthraquinone-ethanol and peracetic methods of delignification were studied. Methodology of comparison of plant materials delignification methods using new lignin-carbohydrate diagram was proposed. It was shown, that the alkaline sulphite-anthraquinone-ethanol method of pulping is characterized by the highest delignification degree and is the most efficient among the studied methods


Keywords


sunflower stalk; holocellulose; delignification; lignin-carbohydrate diagram; delignification degree

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References


Atchinson, J. E. (1993). Making the right choices for successful bagasse newsprint production: Part 2. TAPPI J., 76 (1), 187–198.

Ververis, C., Georghiou, K., Christodoulakis, N., Santas, P., Santas, R. (2004). Fiber dimensions, lignin and cellulose content of various plant materials and their suitability for paper production. Industrial Crops and Products, 19 (3), 245–254. doi: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2003.10.006

Leponiemi, A. (2008). Non-wood pulping possibilities - a challenge for the chemical pulping industry. Appita Journal, 61 (3), 234–243.

Hunter, R. W. (2010). Nonwood plant fiber uses in papermaking. Appita, 56.

Berg, A., Karna, N., Fuentealba, C. (2014). Energetic viability of wheat straw fractionation by acetosolv process. Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, 48 (9-10), 787–792. Available at: http://www.cellulosechemtechnol.ro/pdf/CCT9-10(2014)/p.787-792.pdf

Rodriguez, A., Moral, A., Serrano, L., Labidi, J., Jiménez, L. (2008). Rice straw pulp obtained by using various methods. Bioresource Technology, 99 (8), 2881–2886. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2007.06.003

Kiaei, M., Mahdavi, S., Kialashaki, A., Nemati, M., Samariha, A., Saghafi, A. (2014). Chemical composition and morphological properties of canola plant and its potential application in pulp and paper industry. Cellulose Chemistry And Technology, 48 (1-2), 105–110. Available at: http://www.cellulosechemtechnol.ro/pdf/CCT1-2(2014)/p.105-110.pdf

Jimenez, L., Ramos, E., Rodrı́guez, A., De la Torre, M. J., Ferrer, J. L. (2005). Optimization of pulping conditions of abaca. An alternative raw material for producing cellulose pulp. Bioresource Technology, 96 (9), 977–983. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2004.09.016

Shukry, N., Fadel, S. M., Agblevor, F. A., El-Kalyoubi, S. F. (2008). Some physical properties of acetosolv lignins from bagasse. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 109 (1), 434–444. doi: 10.1002/app.28059

Ateş, S., Deniz, I., Kirci, H., Atik, C., Okan, O. (2015). Comparison of pulping and bleaching behaviors of some agricultural residues. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 39, 144–153. doi: 10.3906/tar-1403-41

El-Ghany, N. (2009). Organosolv pulping of cotton linters. Cellulose Chemistry And Technology, 43 (9-10), 419–426. Available at: http://scholar.cu.edu.eg/?q=abdelghanyn/files/organo_solv_published.pdf

Small, E., Marcus, D.; Janick, J., Whipkey, A. (Eds.) (2002). Hemp: A new crop with new uses for North America. Alexandria, VA: ASHS Press, 284–326. Available at: https://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/ncnu02/v5-284.html

Mossello, A. A., Harun, J., Tahir, P. M., Resalati, H., Ibrahim, R., Shamsi, S. R. F., Mohmamed, A. Z. (2010). A Review of Literatures Related of Using Kenaf for Pulp Production (Beating, Fractionation, and Recycled Fiber). Modern Applied Science, 4 (9). doi: 10.5539/mas.v4n9p21

Brosse, N., Sannigrahi, P., Ragauskas, A. (2009). Pretreatment of Miscanthus giganteus using the ethanol organosolv process for ethanol production. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 48 (18), 8328–8334. doi: 10.1021/ie9006672

Madakadze, I. C., Masamvu, T., Radiotis, T., Li, J., Smith, D. (2010). Evaluation of pulp and paper making characteristics of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum) and switch grass (Panicum virgatum L.). Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 4 (7), 465–470.

Potucek, F., Milichovsky, M. (2011). Rapeseed straw as a possible source of non-wood fibre materials. Cellulose Chemistry And Technology, 45 (1-2), 23–28. Available at: http://www.cellulosechemtechnol.ro/pdf/CCT1-2(2011)/p.23-28.pdf

Bidlack, J. E., Jansky, S. (2011). Stern's Introductory Plant Biology. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, 140.

USDA. 2014. Crop Production Summary (2015). USDA: National Agricultural Statistics Service, 99. Available at: http://www.usda.gov/nass/PUBS/TODAYRPT/cropan15.pdf

Smook, G. A. (1997). Handbook for pulp and paper technologists. Vancouver: Angus Wilde Publications.

Gonzalez, M., Canton, L., Rodriguez, A., Labidi, J. (2008). Effect of organosolv and soda pulping processes on the metals content of non-woody pulps. Bioresource Technology, 99 (14), 6621–6625. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2007.12.038

Akgul, M., Tozluoglu, A. (2010). Alkaline-ethanol pulping of cotton stalks. Scientific Research and Essays, 5 (10), 1068–1074. Available at: http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1380624186_Akgul%20and%20Tozluoglu.pd

Saberikhan, E., Rovshandeh, J., Rezayati-Charani, P. (2011). Organosolv pulping of wheat straw by glycerol. Cellulose Chemistry And Technology, 45 (1-2), 67–75. Available at: http://www.cellulosechemtechnol.ro/pdf/CCT1-2(2011)/p.67-75.pdf

Lopez, F., Eugenio, M., Dıaz, M., Nacimiento, J., Garcıa, M., Jimenez, L. (2005). Soda pulping of sunflower stalks. Influence of process variables on the resulting pulp. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 11 (3), 387–394.

Akgul, M., Tozluoglu, A. (2009). A comparison of soda and soda-AQ pulps from cotton stalks. African Journal of Biotechnology, 8 (22), 6127–6133.

Dixit, A. K., Thakur, V., Jain, R., Mathur, R. (2010). Efficient depithing of bagasse – a step towards sustained availability of raw material for paper industry to produce high quality paper. IPPTA J., 22 (1), 163–166.

Enayati, A., Hamzeh, Y., Mirshokraie, S., Molaii, M. (2009). Papermaking potential of canola stalks. BioResources, 4 (1), 245–256.

TAPPI Test Methods (2004). Atlanta, Georgia: Tappi Press.

Barbash, V., Trembus, I., Nagorna, J. (2012). Pulp obtaining from corn stalks. Chemistry&Chemical Technology, 6 (1), 83–87.

Barbash, V., Poyda, V., Deykun, I. (2011). Peracetic acid pulp from annual plants. Cellulose Chem. Technol., 45 (9-10), 613–618.

Barbash, V., Trembus, I., Shevchenko, V. (2014). Аmmonia-sulfite-ethanol pulp from wheat straw. Cellulose Chem. Technol., 48 (3-4), 345–353.


GOST Style Citations


1. Atchinson, J. E. Making the right choices for successful bagasse newsprint production: Part 2 [Text] / J. E. Atchinson // TAPPI J. – 1993. – Vol. 76, Issue 1. – P. 187–198.

2. Ververis, C. Fiber dimensions, lignin and cellulose content of various plant materials and their suitability for paper production [Text] / C. Ververis, K. Georghiou, N. Christodoulakis, P. Santas, R. Santas // Industrial Crops and Products. – 2004. – Vol. 19, Issue 3. – P. 245–254. doi: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2003.10.006

3. Leponiemi, A. Non-wood pulping possibilities - a challenge for the chemical pulping industry [Text] / A. Leponiemi // Appita Journal. – 2008. – Vol. 61, Issue 3. – P. 234–243.

4. Hunter, R. W. Nonwood plant fiber uses in papermaking [Text] / R. W. Hunter // Appita. – 2010. – 56 p.

5. Berg, A. Energetic viability of wheat straw fractionation by acetosolv process [Text] / A. Berg, N. Karna, C. Fuentealba // Cellulose Chemistry and Technology. – 2014. – Vol. 48, Issue 9-10. – P. 787–792. – Available at: http://www.cellulosechemtechnol.ro/pdf/CCT9-10(2014)/p.787-792.pdf

6. Rodriguez, A. Rice straw pulp obtained by using various methods [Text] / A. Rodríguez, A. Moral, L. Serrano, J. Labidi, L. Jiménez // Bioresource Technology. – 2008. – Vol. 99, Issue 8. – P. 2881–2886. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2007.06.003

7. Kiaei, M. Chemical composition and morphological properties of canola plant and its potential application in pulp and paper industry [Text] / M. Kiaei, S. Mahdavi, A. Kialashaki, M. Nemati, A. Samariha, A. Saghafi // Cellulose Chemistry And Technology. – 2014. – Vol. 48, Issue 1-2. – P. 105–110. – Available at: http://www.cellulosechemtechnol.ro/pdf/CCT1-2(2014)/p.105-110.pdf

8. Jimenez, L. Optimization of pulping conditions of abaca. An alternative raw material for producing cellulose pulp [Text] / L. Jiménez, E. Ramos, A. Rodrı́guez, M. J. De la Torre, J. L. Ferrer // Bioresource Technology. – 2005. – Vol. 96, Issue 9. – P. 977–983. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2004.09.016

9. Shukry, N. Some physical properties of acetosolv lignins from bagasse [Text] / N. Shukry, S. M. Fadel, F. A. Agblevor, S. F. El-Kalyoubi // Journal of Applied Polymer Science. – 2008. – Vol. 109, Issue 1. – P. 434–444. doi: 10.1002/app.28059

10. Ateş, S. Comparison of pulping and bleaching behaviors of some agricultural residues [Text] / S. Ateş, I. Deniz, H. Kirci, C. Atik, O. Okan // Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. – 2015. – Vol. 39. – P. 144–153. doi: 10.3906/tar-1403-41

11. El-Ghany, N. Organosolv pulping of cotton linters [Text] / N. El-Ghany // Cellulose Chemistry And Technology. – 2009. – Vol. 43, Issue 9-10. – P. 419–426. – Available at: http://scholar.cu.edu.eg/?q=abdelghanyn/files/organo_solv_published.pdf

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16. Potucek, F. Rapeseed straw as a possible source of non-wood fibre materials [Text] / F. Potucek, M. Milichovsky // Cellulose Chemistry And Technology. – 2011. – Vol. 45, Issue 1-2. – P. 23–28. – Available at: http://www.cellulosechemtechnol.ro/pdf/CCT1-2(2011)/p.23-28.pdf

17. Bidlack, J. E. Stern's Introductory Plant Biology [Text] / J. Bidlack, S. Jansky. – New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, 2011. – P. 140.

18. USDA. 2014. Crop Production Summary [Text]. – USDA: National Agricultural Statistics Service, 2015. – 99 p. – Available at: http://www.usda.gov/nass/PUBS/TODAYRPT/cropan15.pdf

19. Smook, G. A. Handbook for pulp and paper technologists [Text] / G. Smook. – Vancouver: Angus Wilde Publications, 1997.

20. Gonzalez, M. Effect of organosolv and soda pulping processes on the metals content of non-woody pulps [Text] / M. Gonzalez, L. Canton, A. Rodriguez, J. Labidi // Bioresource Technology. – 2008. – Vol. 99, Issue 14. – P. 6621–6625. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2007.12.038

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22. Saberikhan, E. Organosolv pulping of wheat straw by glycerol [Text] / E. Saberikhan, J. Rovshandeh, P. Rezayati-Charani // Cellulose Chemistry And Technology. – 2011. – Vol. 45, Issue 1-2. – P. 67–75. – Available at: http://www.cellulosechemtechnol.ro/pdf/CCT1-2(2011)/p.67-75.pdf

23. Lopez, F. Soda pulping of sunflower stalks. Influence of process variables on the resulting pulp [Text] / F. Lopez, M. Eugenio, M. Dıaz, J. Nacimiento, M. Garcıa, L. Jimenez // Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. – 2005. – Vol. 11, Issue 3. – P. 387–394.

24. Akgul, M. A comparison of soda and soda-AQ pulps from cotton stalks [Text] / M. Akgul, A. Tozluoglu // African Journal of Biotechnology. – 2009. – Vol. 8, Issue 22. – P. 6127–6133.

25. Dixit, A. K. Efficient depithing of bagasse – a step towards sustained availability of raw material for paper industry to produce high quality paper [Text] / A. Dixit, V. Thakur, R. Jain, R. Mathur // IPPTA J. – 2010. – Vol. 22, Issue 1. – P. 163–166.

26. Enayati, A. Papermaking potential of canola stalks [Text] / A. Enayati, Y. Hamzeh, S. Mirshokraie, M. Molaii // BioResources. – 2009. – Vol. 4, Issue 1. – P. 245–256.

27. TAPPI Test Methods [Text]. – Atlanta, Georgia: Tappi Press, 2004.

28. Barbash, V. Pulp obtaining from corn stalks [Text] / V. Barbash, I. Trembus, J. Nagorna // Chemistry&Chemical Technology. – 2012. – Vol. 6, Issue 1. – P. 83–87.

29. Barbash, V. Peracetic acid pulp from annual plants [Text] / V. Barbash, V. Poyda, I. Deykun // Cellulose Chem. Technol. – 2011. – Vol. 45, Issue 9-10. – P. 613–618.

30. Barbash, V. Аmmonia-sulfite-ethanol pulp from wheat straw [Text] / V. Barbash, I. Trembus, V. Shevchenko // Cellulose Chem. Technol. – 2014. – Vol. 48, Issue 3-4. – P. 345–353.







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