Perfection of the functional readiness of high-qualified athletes in the process of preparation for international competitions

Svetlana Karaulova, Nikolai Malikov

Abstract


Purpose: to evaluate the effectiveness of using the program of building the training process in the preparatory period of the annual macrocycle for improving the functional fitness of the athletes of the Ukrainian national track and field team in preparation for major international competitions.

Material & Methods: in the study participated highly qualified athletes aged 19–23 years, specializing in running for short distances (n=10) and have a sporting title MSU and MSIG.

Results: it is shown that the introduction in the preparatory period of this program, taking into account the dynamics of the components of the functional fitness of the athletes and the nature of their correlation with the model characteristics, contributed to a significant improvement in all indicators of the functional preparedness of the examined athletes. At the end of the preparatory period, the deviation of these indicators from the model values was only 2–6%.

Conclusion: the obtained results testified to the positive impact of the program on the overall level of fitness of high-qualified athletes in the process of preparation for major international competitions.


Keywords


functional preparedness; macrocycle; Olympic cycle; short-distance running; preparatory period; athletes

Full Text:

PDF

References


Borzov, V.F. (2016), Bolshoy sprint vo sne i nayavu [Big sprint in a dream and in reality], Olimpiyskaya literatura, Kiev. (in Ukr.)

Dobrinska, N. V. (2015), Udoskonalennya spetsіalnoї pіdgotovlenostі sportsmenok visokoy kvalіfіkatsіy v legkoatletichnomu bagatoborstvі: dis. kand. nauk po fizicheskomu vospitaniyu i sportu [Perfection of special readiness of high-qualified athletes in track-and-field all-around: PhD diss.], Kyiv, 200 р. (in Ukr.)

Malikov, N.V., Bogdanovskaya, N.V. & Svatev, A.V. (2006), Funktsionalnaya diagnostika v fizicheskom vospitanii i sporte [Functional diagnostics in physical education and sport], Zaporozhe. (in Russ)

Mirzoev, O.M., Bodrova, N.D. & Bodrov, I.V. (2014), "Athletics. Current trends of running for 100 m", Slobozans'kiy naucovo-sportivniy visnik, No. 1(39), рр. 66-74, doi: 10.15391/snsv.2014-1.013. (in Russ)

Mikhalev, V.I., Aikin, V.A., Koryagina, Yu.V., Sukhachev, E.A. & Reutskaya, E.A. (2013), "Modern Trends in Training and Competitive Activity in Speed-Strengths of Track and Field Athletics (Based on Foreign Materials printing)", Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya, No. 5, рр. 10-19. (in Russ)

Samolenko, T. (2007), Osoblivostі bagatorіchnoy pіdgotovki visokokvalіfіkovanikh sportsmenok do Olіmpіyskikh іgor і Chempіonatіv svіtu z bіgu na serednі ta dovgі distantsіy (za danim avtoeksperimentu): avtoref. dis. kand. nauk po fizicheskomu vospitaniyu i sportu [Features of long-term training of highly qualified athletes in the Olympic Games and World Championships in running for medium and long distances (according to the autoexperiment): PhD thesis abstract], Kharkiv, 20 p. (in Ukr.)

Shinkaruk, O.A., Dutchak, M.V. & Pavlenko, Yu.A. (2013), "Olympic preparation of sportsmen in Ukraine: problems and prospects", Vestnik sportivnoy nauki, No. 5, рр. 10-19. (in Russ)

Anisimova, E.A. (2013), "Methodical approaches to sports readiness improvement of qualified female sprinters", Theory and practice of physical culture: a trainer : a journal in journal, No. 3, рр. 66-68.

Čoh, M., Tomaћin, K. & Љtuhec, S. (2006), "The biomechanical model of the sprint start and block acceleration", Physical Education and Sport, No. 4, рр. 103-114.

Slawinski, J., Bonnefoy, A., Ontanon, G., Leveque, J.M., Miller, C., Riquet, A. Cheze, L. & Dumas, R. (2010), "Segment-interaction in sprint start: Analysis of 3D angular velocity and kinetic energy in elite sprinters", J Biomech, No. 43, pp. 1494-1502.




Copyright (c) 2018 Svetlana Karaulova, Nikolai Malikov

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.